Global Innovation Index
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Global Innovation Index

Global Innovation Index
GII Index 2022 Report Cover.png
LanguageEnglish, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, Russian, German, Korean, Portuguese, Japanese
Publication details
History2007-present
Publisher
FrequencyAnnual
LicenseCC BY 4.0
Indexing
ISSN2263-3693
Links
Framework showing the elements of the index

The Global Innovation Index is an annual ranking of countries by their capacity for, and success in, innovation, published by the World Intellectual Property Organization. It was started in 2007 by INSEAD and World Business,[1] a British magazine. Until 2021 it was published by the World Intellectual Property Organization, in partnership with Cornell University, INSEAD, and other organisations and institutions,[2][3]. It is based on both subjective and objective data derived from several sources, including the International Telecommunication Union, the World Bank and the World Economic Forum.[1]

History

The index was started in 2007 by INSEAD and World Business,[1] a British magazine. It was created by Soumitra Dutta.[4]

Methodology

The index is computed by taking a simple average of the scores in two sub-indices, the Innovation Input Index and Innovation Output Index, which are composed of five and two pillars respectively. Each of these pillars describe an attribute of innovation, and comprise up to five indicators, and their score is calculated by the weighted average method.[5]

Since its inception in 2007, an increasing number of governments systematically analyze their annual GII results and design policy responses to improve their performance.[6][7][8][9][10] The index is mentioned in a resolution on science, technology and innovation for sustainable development adopted on 19 December 2019 by the General Assembly of the United Nations.[11]

The index has been criticized for giving excessive significance attributed to factors that aren't integral to innovation. For instance, "Ease of Paying Taxes", "Electricity Output" (half-weightage) and "Ease of Protecting Minority Investors" are factors alongside "Ease of Getting Credit" and "Venture Capital Deals".[12]

Themes

Every two years the GII covers a theme related to innovation which goes beyond the innovation rankings. In 2020, the theme was "Who will finance innovation?" shedding light on the state of innovation financing by investigating the evolution of existing mechanisms and pointing to progress and remaining challenges. Previous GII themes covered health innovation, environmental innovation, agricultural and food innovation, and others.[13]

Ranking

Movement in the Global Innovation Index top 10 countries and territories between 2018 and 2022

The top 50 ranking for 2022:[14]

GII rank Country/Territory Income group

rank

Region Region rank
1 Switzerland 1 Europe 1
2 United States 2 Northern America 1
3 Sweden 3 Europe 2
4 United Kingdom 4 Europe 3
5 Netherlands 5 Europe 4
6 South Korea 6 East Asia 1
7 Singapore 7 Southeast Asia 2
8 Germany 8 Europe 5
9 Finland 9 Europe 6
10 Denmark 10 Europe 7
11 China 1 East Asia 3
12 France 11 Europe 8
13 Japan 12 East Asia 4
14 Hong Kong 13 East Asia 5
15 Canada 14 Northern America 2
16 Israel 15 Western Asia 1
17 Austria 16 Europe 9
18 Estonia 17 Europe 10
19 Luxembourg 18 Europe 11
20 Iceland 19 Europe 12
21 Malta 20 Europe 13
22 Norway 21 Europe 14
23 Ireland 22 Europe 15
24 New Zealand 23 Oceania 6
25 Australia 24 Oceania 7
26 Belgium 25 Europe 16
27 Cyprus 26 Western Asia 2
28 Italy 27 Europe 17
29 Spain 38 Europe 18
30 Czech Republic 29 Europe 19
31 United Arab Emirates 30 Western Asia 3
32 Portugal 31 Europe 20
33 Slovenia 32 Europe 21
34 Hungary 33 Europe 22
35 Bulgaria 2 Europe 23
36 Malaysia 3 Southeast Asia 8
37 Turkey 4 Western Asia 4
38 Poland 34 Europe 24
39 Lithuania 35 Europe 25
40 India 1 South Asia 1
41 Latvia 36 Europe 26
42 Croatia 37 Europe 27
43 Thailand 5 Southeast Asia 9
44 Greece 38 Europe 28
45 Mauritius 6 Sub-Saharan Africa 1
46 Slovakia 39 Europe 29
47 Russia 7 Europe 30
48 Vietnam 2 Southeast Asia 10
49 Romania 8 Europe 31
50 Chile 40 Latin America 1

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Jean-Eric Aubert (editor) (2010). Innovation Policy: A Guide for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: World Bank. ISBN 9780821382691.
  2. ^ Charles H. Matthews, Ralph Brueggemann (2015). Innovation and Entrepreneurship: A Competency Framework. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415742528.
  3. ^ "UK ranked as world-leader in innovation". Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Academic Network - Portulans Institute". portulansinstitute.org. Retrieved 2022.
  5. ^ Soumitra Dutta, Bruno Lanvin, Sacha Wunsch-Vincent (editors) (2015). Global Innovation Index Report 2015. Fontainebleau; Ithaca; Geneva: INSEAD, Cornell and WIPO. ISBN 9782952221085. Archived 18 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Republic Act No. 11293 : The Philippine Innovation Act declares the GII as a measure of innovation". lawphil.net. Retrieved 2022.
  7. ^ In July 2021, the Intellectual Property Strategy Headquarters under the Prime Minister's Office in Japan decided on the Intellectual Property Promotion Plan 2021, setting forth a plan of annual action related to intellectual property for all ministries and agencies. In the first part of the plan, WIPO's GII is cited (p.5):https://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/titeki2/kettei/chizaikeikaku20210713.pdf
  8. ^ The GII is also cited throughout the official Malaysian Government report, the Twelfth Malaysia Plan (RMK12): https://rmke12.epu.gov.my/en.
  9. ^ "Resolution No. 01/NQ-CP on solutions for implementation of socio economic development plan in 2021". LuatVietnam. Retrieved 2022.
  10. ^ "UK ranked as world-leader in innovation". Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ A/RES/74/229: Seventy-fourth session: Agenda item 20 (b): Globalization and interdependence: science, technology and innovation for sustainable development: Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 December 2019. Accessed December 2021.
  12. ^ Da?i?, Predrag; Da?i?, Jovan; Antanaskovi?, Dejan; Pavi?evi?, Nina (2020). Karabegovi?, Isak (ed.). "Statistical Analysis and Modeling of Global Innovation Index (GII) of Serbia". New Technologies, Development and Application III. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 128: 515-521. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-46817-0_59. ISBN 978-3-030-46817-0. S2CID 218917874.
  13. ^ "Publications: Global Innovation Index". Wipo.int. Retrieved 2022.
  14. ^ WIPO. "Global Innovation Index 2022, 15th Edition". www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2022.
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Further reading


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