Gda%C5%84sk Lech Wa%C5%82%C4%99sa Airport
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Gda%C5%84sk Lech Wa%C5%82%C4%99sa Airport
Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport

Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy
Logo gdansk airport.jpg
DanzigLechWalesaFlughafen-2.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorPort Lotniczy Gda?sk Spó?ka z.o.o.
ServesTricity, Poland
Elevation AMSL149 m / 489 ft
Coordinates54°22?39?N 018°27?58?E / 54.37750°N 18.46611°E / 54.37750; 18.46611
Websiteairport.gdansk.pl
Map
GDN is located in Poland
GDN
GDN
Location of airport in Poland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2020)
Passengers served1,711,281 Decrease
Aircraft Movements25,558 Decrease
Source: Polish AIP at EUROCONTROL[1] Statistics: Airport site

Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport (Polish: Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy, formerly Polish: Port Lotniczy Gda?sk-R?biechowo, German: Flughafen Danzig Lech Walesa) (IATA: GDN, ICAO: EPGD) is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) northwest[1] of Gda?sk, Poland, not far from the city centres of the Tricity metropolitan area: Gda?sk (12 km (7.5 mi)), Sopot (10 km (6.2 mi)) and Gdynia (23 km (14 mi)). Since 2004 the airport has been named after Lech Wasa, the former Polish president. With around 5.4 million passengers served in 2019, it is the 3rd largest airport in Poland in terms of passenger traffic.

History

Early years (1910s-1950s)

The first passenger flights in Gda?sk were operated in the year 1919 from an airfield in the Langfuhr district of the Free City of Danzig (nowadays Wrzeszcz district of Gda?sk).[2] It was possible thanks to a transformation of that military location into a civilian facility. The airport was at that time additionally used for airmail services and by the police.[] In the next years the airport continued acquisitions of further areas which allowed it to expand and invest in modern infrastructure at that time. The technical development of Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport (Danzig-Langfuhr Airport) was followed by the launching of regular routes to Warsaw, Berlin, Moscow, Königsberg and other important cities of the region. The flights were already operated by numerous international aviation companies.

A Junkers F.13 at Gda?sk-Wrzeszcz in 1921.

The first Polish route was served between Gda?sk, Warsaw and Lviv by Aerolloyd and it was started in September 1922.[] The company initially used Junkers F.13 aircraft on that daily route. This domestic service was the beginning of the company which later gradually became the LOT Polish Airlines, which is still Poland's national carrier.

A railway connection to Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport was built in the 1920s. This was followed by new tram tracks in 1930. The airport itself had a concrete runway which had light and navigation facilities allowing aircraft to land and to take off at night. In the 1930s Gdansk Wrzeszcz Airport served less than 2 thousand passengers annually[] but it was an important international hub that connected four countries and provided transport facilities between Polish cities.

The airport in Wrzeszcz was an important base of the German air forces during World War II. Even before that, German pilots had been trained on the grounds of this airport. Heavy bombings and other military activities led to the destruction of the airport.[] However, it was reconstructed after the war and it was provided with modern technologies which allowed the airport to develop. Old domestic routes as well as many international destinations were relaunched. The airport had regular connections to countries like Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark and Sweden.

New location since 1970s

As the airport facilities became old and nonfunctional at the end of the 1960s (including runway lights which forced airport authorities to ban night flights), a new location near the village of R?biechowo was chosen. The airport had to be built somewhere else also because of further urban development. New areas were needed in order to make it possible for the public investors to construct new buildings for the growing population of Gda?sk. Furthermore, a new longer runway was necessary in order to allow larger jet airliners to take off and land safely as the era of modern jet aircraft began. The old airport in Wrzeszcz was officially closed on 1 May 1974 and it practically ceased to exist as a large housing estate was built on its grounds. Nowadays only a few remaining elements of the old Wrzeszcz airport infrastructure can be found, including remnants of its main north-south oriented runway in what is now the Zaspa district.

After the closure of the old airport, the new one was built and it opened in 1974 near the village of R?biechowo[2] (on westernmost land incorporated into the Gda?sk borough of Matarnia in 1973). The airport acquired its current name in 2004. There was some controversy as to whether the name should be spelled Lech Walesa (without diacritics, but better recognizable in the world) or Lech Wasa (with Polish letters, but difficult to write and pronounce for foreigners, the closest English phonetic approximation being "Vawensa").

Since 1993, Gda?sk Airport has been owned 31.45% by the authorities of Pomeranian Voivodeship, 29.45% by the city of Gda?sk, 1.14% by the city of Gdynia, 0.35% by the city of Sopot and 37.61% by Polish Airports State Enterprise. In 2006, the airport served for the first time in its history more than 1 million passengers per year. In 2010, the passenger number was higher than 2 million. After the construction of a new modern passenger terminal with extended capacities (the opening took place in April 2012 ahead of the UEFA Euro 2012 football championships), the airport continued its development and it served for the first time over 3 million passengers in a single year in 2014. In summer season 2015, airlines flying to and from the airport served over 50 regular routes as well as charter and cargo flights.

Airport infrastructure

Airside facilities

Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport has a single asphalt-concrete runway in the direction of 11/29.[3] The runway is 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and it is equipped with a modern ILS CAT II allowing aircraft to land in foggy weather. The decision height established for the approach system in Gda?sk is 30 m (98 ft), whereas the visibility minimum for pilots varies from 125 m (410 ft) to 300 m (980 ft), the higher value being required in the initial one-third of the runway's length.[4][5] In addition, the navigation facilities at the airport are supplemented with a modern wide area multilateration system.[6]

The runway as well as taxiways are equipped with light aids system using LED technology. The lighting of the runway can be remotely controlled from the flight control tower. The runway has eight exit taxiways leading to five parking aprons where up to 18 middle-sized aircraft (e.g. Boeing 737 or Airbus 321) can be parked. The airport also has an extra apron used in winter for de-icing of aircraft. The deicing pad has been constructed in a way which allows keeping up ecological standards.

Passenger terminals

Public area at Terminal T2
Departures area at Terminal T2

Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport has two passengers terminals (T1 and T2), of which only Terminal T2 is fully functional. Terminal T1 was built in 1993 and is currently being used for departures (passport control and boarding) to countries which are not part of Schengen Area, mainly to Great Britain, Ireland and holiday destinations e.g. to Egypt. There are no check-in desks in Terminal T1 but passengers waiting for their flights can do the shopping at duty-free stores located close to the departure gates. The building is connected with the newer Terminal T2 with a bridge. The old building is planned to be torn down in the future when the new terminal is extended.

The new terminal, called Terminal T2, is a modern building with characteristic architectural elements, the roof imitating waves at sea being an example of them. It was constructed west of Terminal T1. The first part (departures only) was completed in 2012, and the arrival area started operations in September 2015. Since then, Terminal 1 has not been serving any arriving flights.

The overall area of Terminal 2 amounts to approx. 54,000 m2 (580,000 sq ft). The terminal has a direct link to a railway station. It has 25 check-in desks, a highly modern luggage transport and sorting facility and a spacious departure area with gates. At the airport in Gda?sk, five jet bridges are available for airlines to use. The terminal handled 3.3 million passengers in 2014 which was about 66% of its maximum capacity. However, after the completion of the new arrival area, the maximum capacity of the airport is estimated at 7 million passengers per year. The terminal offers services such as tourist information, shops, kiosks, bars, currency exchange desks, different car rentals and an executive lounge. There is also a conference room and facilities for handling VIP passengers and general aviation flights.

Future development

According to the airport authorities,[7] Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport will be further developed in the next years. Plans include an installation of an even more modern landing system ILS CAT IIIb which will allow pilots to operate at very poor visibility caused by fog and bad weather.[8] Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport will be the second airport in Poland, after Warsaw Chopin Airport, to have this facility.

The existing terminal is also planned to be extended despite the fact that it is new and can easily handle the current passengers flows. A new concourse will be constructed exclusively for departing flights. When it is finished, the old terminal building serving Non-Schengen flights will be either demolished or rebuilt for other purposes which will not be directly aimed at passenger services. The construction of the new part of the terminal is planned to be finished in 2021.[9]

After the modernization and extension work, the new capacity of the Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport will be at the estimated level of 9 million passengers annually.

Also, a completely new district of Gdansk is planned to be built directly next to the airport. It will be called Gdansk Airport City and it will consist mainly of new buildings with offices and services as well as hotels. The construction works are planned to begin in 2019.[10] However, some facilities that will become a part of the Airport City in the future already exist. These include the Allcon Park offering office areas, as well as the first of the planned five buildings of BCB Business Park. The existing Hampton by Hilton hotel located opposite the airport terminal will also be part of the new Airport City district in Gdansk.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Seasonal charter: Heraklion[11]
British Airways Seasonal: London-Heathrow[12]
Buzz Seasonal charter: Heraklion,[13] Tirana,[14] Zakynthos[11]
Enter Air Charter: Hurghada[13]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[14] Burgas,[13] Corfu,[11] Enfidha,[13] Girona,[13] Kos,[11] Varna[14]
Eurowings Düsseldorf
KLM Amsterdam
[15] Kraków, Warsaw-Chopin
Seasonal: Burgas,[16][17] Kalamata, Lublin,[18] Rhodes,[19] Rzeszów,[20][21] Thessaloniki, Tirana
Seasonal charter: Bodrum[13]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
[22] Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
Onur Air Charter: Antalya[13]
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya[13]
Ryanair Aarhus, Alicante, Beauvais (begins 31 October 2021),[23] Bergamo, Billund, Birmingham, Bristol, Copenhagen, Cork (resumes 4 December 2021),[24] Dublin, Edinburgh, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Kraków, Kyiv-Boryspil, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Malta, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Odesa, Paphos,[25] Sandefjord, Stockholm-Arlanda (begins 31 October 2021),[26] Stockholm-Skavsta (ends 30 October 2021),[27] Växjö, Wroc?aw
Seasonal: Belfast-International, Burgas,[28] Chania, Corfu, Pisa, Reus, Santorini, Vienna (begins 2 November 2021),[29] Zadar[30]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo
Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Chania,[11] Heraklion,[13] Rhodes,[11] Thessaloniki[11]
Zürich
Wizz Air Aberdeen, Ålesund, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bergen, Billund, Bodø, Cologne/Bonn, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Harstad/Narvik (begins 1 October 2021),[31] Haugesund, Kharkiv, Kristiansand, Kutaisi, Kyiv-Zhuliany, Larnaca, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Lviv, Malmö, Molde, Odesa, Oslo, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Sandefjord, Skellefteå, Stavanger, Stockholm-Skavsta, Tromsø, Trondheim, Turku
Seasonal: Barcelona, Burgas,[32] Heraklion,[33] Málaga (begins 17 October 2021),[34] Mykonos, Santorini,[35] Split[36]

Cargo

Statistics

Traffic

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Aircraft at Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport
Year Passengers Passengers Change Cargo (t) Flight operations
1999 249,913 1,472 10,512
2000 269,960 Increase 8.0% Increase 1,552 Increase 11,586
2001 319,174 Increase 18.2% Increase 1,953 Increase 14,052
2002 318,033 Decrease 0.4% Increase 2,211 Decrease 13,450
2003 365,036 Increase 14.8% Increase 2,686 Increase 14,346
2004 463,840 Increase 27.1% Increase 2,742 Increase 17,500
2005 677,946 Increase 46.2% Increase 3,433 Increase 19,000
2006 1,249,780 Increase 84.3% Increase 4,037 Increase 24,200
2007 1,708,739 Increase 36.7% Increase 4,757 Increase 28,200
2008 1,954,166 Increase 14.4% Decrease 4,610 Increase 31,000
2009 1,890,925 Decrease 3.2% Decrease 4,067 Decrease 30,000
2010 2,232,590 Increase 18.1% Increase 4,487 Increase 32,000
2011 2,483,000 Increase 11.2% Increase 4,943 Increase 34,360
2012 2,906,000 Increase 17.0% Decrease 4,851 Increase 37,022
2013 2,843,737 Decrease 2.1% Increase 4,918 Increase 42,041
2014 3,288,180 Increase 15.6% Increase 5,658 Decrease 39,974
2015 3,706,108 Increase 12.7% Decrease 5,162 Increase 40,261
2016 4,004,081 Increase 8.0% Decrease 4,863 Increase 41,079
2017 4,611,714 Increase 15.0% Increase 5,500 Increase 43,422
2018 4,980,647 Increase 8.0% Increase 6,213 Increase 46,482
2019 5,376,120 Increase 7.9% Increase 6,887 Increase 48,882
2020 1,711,281 Decrease 68.2% Increase 7,028 Decrease 25,558

Routes

Most popular scheduled destinations (2016-2020)
City 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
London, United Kingdom 189,534 Decrease 591,170 Increase 534,676 Increase 513,563 Increase 486,864 Increase
Oslo, Norway 122,104 Decrease 442,987 Increase 380,671 Increase 324,518 Increase 291,794 Increase
Warsaw, Poland 101,627 Decrease 280,670 Increase 269,283 Decrease 522,449 Increase 443,418 Increase
Stockholm, Sweden 84,704 Decrease 289,985 Decrease 299,024 Increase 279,970 Increase 231,435 Increase
Amsterdam, Netherlands 74,955 Decrease 151,220 Increase 120,231 Increase 47,826 Increase 0
Copenhagen, Denmark 70,967 Decrease 196,820 Increase 167,841 Steady 167,793 Increase 154,872 Increase
Eindhoven, Netherlands 55,021 Decrease 132,355 Increase 124,419 Increase 88,993 ?
Kraków, Poland 42,001 Decrease ? ? 102,074 Increase 89,043 Increase
Dortmund, Germany 38,821 Decrease ? ? 105,209 Increase 101,625 Decrease
Munich, Germany ? Decrease 148,283 Decrease 153,460 Increase 132,550 Decrease 156,865 Decrease
Frankfurt, Germany ? Decrease 119,529 Decrease 128,041 Decrease 149,872 Increase 143,346 Increase
Turku, Finland ? Decrease 117,273 Steady 117,008 Increase 92,712 Increase 88,098 Increase

Airlines

Passenger airlines serving GDN, excluding charters (2015-2020)[40][41]
Airline Passengers (2020) Passengers (2019) Passengers (2018) Passengers (2017) Passengers (2016) Passengers (2015)
Wizz Air 813,244 Decrease 2,460,163 Increase 2,259,969 Increase 2,037,832 Increase 1,862,137 Increase 1,772,840
Ryanair 442,698 Decrease 1,262,600 Increase 1,194,672 Decrease 1,312,084 Increase 1,026,016 Increase 820,590
LOT Polish Airlines 142,242 Decrease 334,731 Increase 328,136 Decrease 328,905 Increase 299,902 Increase 250,268
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 74,955 Decrease 151,220 Increase 120,231 Increase 47,826 Increase 0 0
Lufthansa 63,976 Decrease 267,812 Decrease 273,326 Increase 246,301 Decrease 270,349 Decrease 277,245
Scandinavian Airlines 53,423 Decrease 213,133 Steady 213,384 Decrease 219,827 Increase 199,351 Increase 164,628
Norwegian Air Shuttle 32,162 Decrease 154,303 Increase 123,874 Increase 86,668 Increase 79,986 Increase 73,829
Eurowings 5,196 Decrease 6,518 Increase 0 0 0 0
Finnair 4,964 Decrease 60,301 Increase 51,538 Increase 33,131 Increase 31,099 Increase 21,563
? Decrease 22,885 Increase 0 0 0 0
Air Baltic ? Decrease 7,243 Increase 0 0 0 0
easyJet 0 Decrease 17,348 Increase 0 0 0 0
Air Berlin - - - 17,891 Increase 15,239 Decrease 69,156
Ukraine International Airlines 0 0 0 0 3,310 Increase 0

Ground transportation

Rail

SA 136 passenger train at the railway station at Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport

Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna (PKM, the 'Pomeranian Metropolitan Railway) connects Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport with Wrzeszcz, Gdynia G?ówna railway station and downtown Gda?sk. It connects to the Szybka Kolej Miejska (Tricity) the 'Fast Urban Railway' which provides further connections by frequent trains[42] every 6 minutes to 30 minutes to 27 stations throughout the Tricity.

As of October 2015, the tickets for the train to and from Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport can be purchased in ZTM as well as SKM ticket machines located at stations throughout the city. Tickets are also sold in the trains by the conductors and they should be in this case purchased immediately after getting on the train. Regular tickets to and from Gda?sk (City ticket) cost 3,50 PLN one way. Regular tickets to/from Gdynia (Tricity ticket) cost 6,50 PLN one way. It is possible to change trains and to get to other areas of Tricity. In this case, the ticket prices may vary depending on the final station of the journey.

Bus

As of January 2018, the following city bus lines connect the airport:

  • to Gda?sk-Centre, (Orunia Go?cinna), Route 210[43] via Gda?sk-Morena, Gda?sk Main Railway Station, old city.
  • to Gda?sk-Wrzeszcz, Route 110 to Gda?sk-Wrzeszcz railway station.
  • to Sopot, Route 122 to Sopot - Kamienny Potok railway station via Gda?sk-Wrzeszcz
  • night bus line N3 to Gda?sk-Wrzeszcz railway station and Gda?sk main railway station

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int.
  2. ^ a b "Historia lotniska". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy.
  3. ^ "Droga startowa". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy.
  4. ^ Gda?sk Airport with ILS CAT II - Official website of Gda?sk Airport (in Polish)
  5. ^ Fog ceases to be a problem. New era for Gda?sk Airport. - Gazeta Wyborcza (in Polish)
  6. ^ "Pierwszy w Polsce system multilateracyjny uruchomiony w Gda?sku". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy.
  7. ^ Maciej Dzwonnik (27 December 2016). "Du?e zmiany na gda?skim lotnisku. Tylko w przysz?ym roku inwestycje za 40 mln" [Big changes at the Gdansk airport. Only next year, investment for 40 million]. Wiadomo?ci Trójmiasto [Tricity News] (in Polish).
  8. ^ Micha? Jamro? (9 November 2017). "Gda?skie lotnisko b?dzie mia?o supernowoczesny system ILS III kategorii" [Gdansk airport will have a state-of-the-art ILS III category system]. Wiadomo?ci Trójmiasto [Tricity News] (in Polish).
  9. ^ https://www.airport.gdansk.pl/lotnisko/aktualnosci/umowa-na-nowy-pirs-terminalu-pasazerskiego-podpisana-video-n1694.html
  10. ^ "3 oferty na budow? biurowca Alpha przy lotnisku".
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Schedule of flights". grecos.pl.
  12. ^ "New flight routes and destinations from British Airways".
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Coral Travel". coraltravel.pl.
  14. ^ a b c "Charter flights". tui.pl.
  15. ^ "Route map". lot.com.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2021). "LOT rozklad lotow".
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2021). "Jeszcze wi?cej wakacyjnych tras od LOT-u z ca?ej Polski".
  18. ^ "Wraca popularny kierunek podró?y z Portu Lotniczego Lublin". dziennikwschodni.pl. Retrieved 2021.
  19. ^ https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/transport/airlines/44501-tourism-minister-announces-three-new-flights-from-poland-to-greece.html
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2021). "LOT rozklad lotow".
  21. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2021). "Gdzie polecimy w wakacje z Jasionki? LOT uruchamia poczenia do Gda?ska, Szczecina i Zadaru".
  22. ^ "Route map". norwegian.com.
  23. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en
  24. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en
  25. ^ https://cyprus-mail.com/2020/06/29/ryanair-launching-flights-from-paphos-to-netherlands-and-poland/
  26. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en
  27. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en
  28. ^ https://mlecznepodroze.pl/2021/04/22/ryanair-nowa-trasa-gdn-info/
  29. ^ https://www.ryanair.com/gb/en
  30. ^ "Ryanair opens a new Zadar base for summer '21". Zadar Airport. Retrieved 2021.
  31. ^ https://wizzair.com/#/
  32. ^ https://poligraff.net/news/wizz-air-puska-nov-leten-marsrut-ot-burgas/65391
  33. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2021/03/18/wizz-air-announces-new-summer-routes
  34. ^ https://wizzair.com/#/
  35. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2021/03/18/wizz-air-announces-new-summer-routes
  36. ^ "Wizz Air announces new route from Poland to Split". avioradar.hr. Retrieved 2021.
  37. ^ Boeing 757 and Airbus A300 operating from Gda?sk - Gda?sk Airport website, PL
  38. ^ FedEx Express expands network in Europe, Middle East and Asia - Post & Parcel
  39. ^ UPS opens a base in Gda?sk Airport, SprintAir handling the flights - Gda?sk Airport website, PL
  40. ^ "Ponad 4,6 mln obs?u?onych pasa?erów i cel 5 mln w 2018!". Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport (Press release). Port Lotniczy Gda?sk im. Lecha Wasy.
  41. ^ https://www.airport.gdansk.pl/data/uploads/files/2021/01/20/05fb47dee4e875219e1d9095f139a3.pdf
  42. ^ "SKM Trójmiasto: Strona g?ówna". www.skm.pkp.pl.
  43. ^ Gda?sk, Silesia Transport na zlecenie ZTM. "ZTM Gda?sk » Rozk?ady jazdy". ztm.gda.pl.

External links

Media related to Gda?sk Lech Wasa Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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