Foreign Relations of Guatemala
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Foreign Relations of Guatemala

Guatemala's major diplomatic interests are regional security and increasingly, regional development and economic integration.

Diplomatic relations

Countries which Guatemala has diplomatic relations with:[1][2]
# Country Date
1  El Salvador 1821
2  Honduras 1821
3  Colombia 15 March 1825
4  France 1831
5  Mexico 1831
6  United Kingdom 12 July 1837
7  Costa Rica 18 August 1839
8  Chile 1840
9  Belgium 1841
10  Dominican Republic 1844
11  Nicaragua 15 May 1845
12  United States 1849
13  Peru 20 April 1857
14  Italy February 1864
15  Spain 18 June 1864
16  Austria 28 February 1870
17  Turkey 1874[3]
18  Portugal 1883
19  Germany 20 September 1887
20  Ecuador 6 May 1890
21  Venezuela 31 October 1890
22   Switzerland 1891
23  Netherlands 1893
24  Cuba 30 April 1902
25  Brazil 21 November 1906
26  Uruguay 16 March 1907
27  Paraguay 1 May 1907
28  Argentina 7 October 1918
29  Luxembourg 7 November 1924
30  Poland 1933
31  Panama 25 January 1935
32  Japan 20 February 1935
-   Holy See 11 March 1936
33  Norway 18 August 1938
34  Russia 19 April 1945
35  Israel 15 May 1948
36  Haiti 1948
37  Bolivia 1952
38  Thailand 7 March 1957
-  Sovereign Military Order of Malta 11 December 1957
-  Taiwan 1 November 1960
39  Canada 1961
40  South Korea 24 October 1962
41  Sweden 19 April 1963
42  Grenada 16 July 1966
43  Greece 20 July 1966
44  Egypt 7 September 1970
45  Morocco 15 March 1971
46  India 16 May 1972
47  Philippines 21 June 1972
48  Iraq 2 February 1978
49  Suriname 9 May 1979
50  Bangladesh 7 October 1983
51  Finland 29 January 1987
52  Serbia 4 February 1987[4]
53  Jordan 31 January 1990
54  Lebanon 31 January 1990
55  Algeria 31 May 1990
56  Hungary 11 October 1990
57  Romania 7 December 1990
58  Belize 11 September 1991
59  Jamaica 11 December 1991
60  Barbados 27 January 1992
61  Antigua and Barbuda 3 February 1992
62  Bahamas 30 March 1992
63  Saint Lucia 1 April 1992
64  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 14 May 1992
65  Indonesia 29 April 1992
66  Guyana 1 May 1992
67  Singapore 1 December 1992
68  United Arab Emirates 15 December 1992
69  Cyprus 17 December 1992
70  Croatia 22 December 1992
71  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1992
72  Australia 7 January 1993
73  Vietnam 7 January 1993
74  Ukraine 12 January 1993
75  Seychelles 13 January 1993
76  Latvia 14 January 1993
77  Iran 25 January 1993
78  Malaysia 27 January 1993
79  Maldives 27 January 1993
80  Estonia 3 February 1993
81  Kyrgyzstan 10 February 1993
82  Guinea 12 February 1993
83  Namibia 19 February 1993
84  Belarus 11 March 1993
85  Moldova 6 April 1993
86  Cameroon 14 April 1993
87  Slovakia 15 April 1993
88  Czech Republic 19 April 1993
89  Federated States of Micronesia 13 May 1993
90  Iceland 5 August 1993
91  Oman 10 October 1993
92  Albania 26 October 1993
93  Slovenia 25 November 1993
94  Lithuania 14 December 1993
95  Bulgaria 14 January 1994
96  Trinidad and Tobago 25 May 1994
97  Ghana 26 September 1994
98  Bosnia and Herzegovina 28 October 1994
99  Azerbaijan 1 November 1994
100  Denmark 12 January 1995
101  South Africa 12 January 1995
102  Benin 14 November 1995
103  Andorra 27 November 1995
104  Malta 11 December 1995
105  Kuwait 12 December 1995
106  Cambodia 26 January 1996
107  Turkmenistan 22 August 1996
108  Mozambique 4 February 1997
109  Armenia 29 June 1998
110  New Zealand January 1999
111  North Macedonia 21 November 2001
112  Nigeria December 2001
113  San Marino 14 February 2002
114  Brunei 30 June 2004
115  Ireland 2004[5]
116  Mongolia 3 July 2006
117  Mali 7 July 2006
118  Burkina Faso 21 July 2006
119  Cabo Verde 25 July 2006
120    Nepal 8 August 2006
121  Tajikistan 20 August 2006
122  Mauritius 7 September 2006
123  Gambia 25 September 2006
124  Montenegro 27 September 2006
125  Nauru 6 December 2006
126  Equatorial Guinea 18 December 2006
127  Uzbekistan 9 February 2007
128  Qatar 27 February 2007
129  Zimbabwe 2 March 2007
130  Tunisia 19 March 2007
131  Botswana 7 May 2007
132  Bahrain 21 May 2007
133  Libya 5 September 2007
134  Samoa 20 September 2007
135  North Korea 26 September 2007
136  Niger 13 November 2007
137  Kenya 20 February 2008
138  Laos 25 September 2008
139  Monaco 26 September 2008
140  Dominica 12 August 2009
141  Georgia 27 April 2010
142  Solomon Islands 8 March 2011
143  Tuvalu 20 May 2011
144  Kazakhstan 2 September 2011
145  Pakistan 14 October 2011
146  Ethiopia 20 June 2012
147  Sri Lanka 26 February 2013
148  Zambia 19 March 2013
149  Fiji 13 September 2013
150  Ivory Coast 13 March 2014
151  Senegal 29 September 2015
152  Liechtenstein 22 December 2015
153  Saudi Arabia 21 April 2017
154  Marshall Islands 20 June 2017
155  Djibouti 28 February 2018

Bilateral relations

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Andorra 27 November 2007
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Guatemala.
  • Guatemala is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
 Argentina
 Armenia 29 June 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 June 1998.

 Azerbaijan 1 November 1994[6]
  • Azerbaijan is accredited to Guatemala through its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.[6][7]
  • Guatemala is accredited to Azerbaijan through its consulate in Istanbul, Turkey.[6][8]
 Australia 7 January 1993

There are four Australia-Guatemala bilateral treaties. Guatemala has an embassy in Canberra, Australia.[9] The Australian embassy in Mexico has consular responsibility for Guatemala.[10] Trade between the two countries is A$32 Million.[11]

 Belize 11 September 1993 See Belize-Guatemala relations

Guatemala has a longstanding claim to a large portion of Belize. The territorial dispute caused problems with the United Kingdom and later with Belize following its 1981 independence from the UK. In December 1989, Guatemala sponsored Belize for permanent observer status in the Organization of American States (OAS). In September 1991 Guatemala recognized Belize's independence and established diplomatic ties, while acknowledging that the boundaries remained in dispute. In anticipation of an effort to bring the border dispute to an end in early 1996, the Guatemalan Congress ratified two long-pending international agreements governing frontier issues and maritime rights.

In early 2000 the Guatemalan Foreign Ministry proposed a border settlement that would transfer more than half of Belize's territory to Guatemala. Following a spate of border incidents, both sides agreed during talks under OAS auspices in November 2000 to confidence-building measures to reduce tensions. They followed that with an agreement on opening substantive discussions on the dispute. Both Guatemala and Belize are participating in the confidence-building measures, including the Guatemala-Belize Language Exchange Project.

In September 2010, the Guatemalan Congress overwhelmingly gave its approval for a referendum to be held; giving the people of Guatemala a say in whether or not that country's claim to Belize should be taken to the International Court of Justice. Under the special agreement (compromise) signed in December 2008 by Belize and Guatemala it was agreed that if the people of both nations approved, by way of a simultaneous referendum on the same day, that the dispute would proceed to the ICJ. The outcome of any ruling handed down by the ICJ will be final and binding, regardless of in whose favor the ruling is handed down.

 Bolivia 1952
  • Guatemala is accredited to Bolivia from its embassy in Lima, Peru.
  • Bolivia is accredited to Guatemala from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
 Brazil 1830
  • Brazil has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Brasília.
 Canada 1961
  • Canada has an embassy in Guatemala City.[12]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Montreal.[13]
 Chile 1840
  • Chile has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Santiago de Chile.
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 1902
Guatemala Diplomat Antonio Roberto Castellanos Lopez and ROC President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan.
  • As of June 2020, Guatemala is one of 14 nations which maintain full diplomatic relations with the Republic of China (ROC).[14]
  • Taiwan has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Taipei.
 Costa Rica
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in San José.
 El Salvador 1821
 France
  • France has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Paris.
 Guyana 1 May 1992
 Honduras 1821
 India 16 May 1972 See Guatemala-India relations
  • India maintains an embassy in Guatemala City.[19]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in New Delhi.
 Indonesia 29 April 1992
  • Indonesia is accredited to Guatemala from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Jakarta.[20]
 Israel 19 May 1948[21]
Dinner hosted by Israeli Ambassador to Guatemala Joshua Shai, in honor of President of Guatemala Enrique Peralta Azurdia, at his residence in Guatemala, 1964.
  • Israel maintains an embassy in Guatemala City.[22]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Jerusalem.

In May 2018, Guatemala was the second country after the United States to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.[23]

The first COVID vaccines to arrive in Guatemala were received from donations sent by Israel.[24]

 Mexico 1838 See Guatemala-Mexico relations; Guatemalan immigration to Mexico

Diplomatic relations between Mexico and Guatemala began in 1838 after the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Central America.

 Morocco
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Rabat.
  • Morocco has an embassy in Guatemala City.
 Nicaragua 15 May 1845
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Managua.
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Guatemala City.
 Panama
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Panama City.
  • Panama has an embassy in Guatemala City.
 Paraguay 1 May 1907
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Asunción.
  • Paraguay is accredited to Guatemala from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Philippines 21 June 1972
  • Guatemala is accredited to Philippines from its embassy in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Philippines is accredited to Guatemala through its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Russia 19 April 1945 See Guatemala-Russia relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia has an embassy in Guatemala City.[27]
 South Korea 24 October 1962[28]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Seoul, South Korea.[29]
  • South Korea has an embassy in Guatemala City.[30]
 Spain 1838 See Guatemala-Spain relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Madrid.[31]
  • Spain has an embassy in Guatemala City.[32]
 Sweden 19 April 1963
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden has an embassy in Guatemala City, which is also accredited to El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.
 Thailand 3 March 1957
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Bangkok.[33]
  • Thailand is accredited to Guatemala through its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
 Turkey Aug. 10, 1882[34] See Guatemala-Turkey relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Ankara and an honorary consulate in Istanbul.[35]
  • Turkey has an embassy in Guatemala City.[35]
  • Trade volume between the two countries was 63.5 million USD in 2019 (Guatemalan exports/imports: 10/53.5 million USD).[35]
 United Kingdom
  • Guatemala has an embassy in London.[36]
  • United Kingdom has an embassy in Guatemala City.[37]
 United States 1830 See Guatemala-United States relations

Relations between the United States and Guatemala traditionally have been close, although at times strained by human rights and civil-military issues. U.S. policy objectives in Guatemala include:

The United States, as a member of "the Friends of Guatemala", along with Colombia, Mexico, Spain, Norway, and Venezuela, played an important role in the UN-moderated peace accords. The United States strongly supported the six substantive and three procedural accords, which, along with the signing of the December 29, 1996 final accord, form the blueprint for profound political, economic, and social change. To that end, the U.S. government committed over $500 million to support peace implementation since 1997.

In recent years the number of violent crimes reported by U.S. citizens has steadily increased, though the number of Americans traveling to Guatemala has increased.

Most U.S. assistance to Guatemala is provided through the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) offices for Guatemala. USAID/Guatemala's current program builds on the gains of the peace process that followed the signing of the peace accords in December 1996, as well as on the achievements of its 1997-2004 peace program. The current program works to advance U.S. foreign policy objectives by focusing on Guatemala's potential as Central America's largest economy and trading partner of the United States, but also recognizes the country's lagging social indicators and widespread poverty. The three areas of focus for USAID/Guatemala's program are modeled after the Millennium Challenge Account areas--ruling justly, economic freedom, and investing in people.

 Uruguay See Guatemala-Uruguay relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in Guatemala City.
 Venezuela

Multilateral relations

The Central American Ministers of Trade meet on a regular basis to work on regional approaches to trade issues. In March 1998, Guatemala joined its Central American neighbors in signing a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). In 2000 it joined Honduras and El Salvador in signing a free trade agreement with Mexico, which went into effect in 2001. Guatemala also originated the idea for, and is the seat of, the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN).

Guatemala participates in several regional groups, particularly those related to the environment and trade. For example, US President Clinton and the Central American presidents signed the CONCAUSA (Conjunto Centroamerica-USA) agreement at the Summit of the Americas in December 1994. CONCAUSA is a cooperative plan of action to promote clean, efficient energy use; conserve the region's biodiversity; strengthen legal and institutional frameworks and compliance mechanisms; and improve and harmonize environmental protection standards.

Illicit drugs: Guatemala is a transit country for cocaine shipments; minor producer of illicit opium poppy and cannabis for the international drug trade; active eradication program in 1996 effectively eliminated the cannabis crop; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (cocaine shipments).

See also

References

  1. ^ "Listado de paises con relaciones diplomatica". minex.gob.gt (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 February 2018. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Relaciones Diplomáticas de Guatemala". Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ "Guatemala y Turquía consolidan sus relaciones bilaterales". Data Export (in Spanish). 21 May 2019. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ "Visita Oficial a Guatemala del Viceprimer Ministro y Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores de la República de Serbia señor Ivica Dacic". minex.gob.gt (in Spanish). 26 March 2019. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ "Reunión Bilateral entre los Cancilleres de Guatemala e Irlanda". minex.gob.gt. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 2021. Guatemala e Irlanda tienen relaciones diplomáticas desde hace 16 años
  6. ^ a b c "Guatemala". mfa.gov.az. Retrieved .
  7. ^ pickvisa.com. "Azerbaijan Embassies in Guatemala". pickvisa.com. Retrieved .
  8. ^ pickvisa.com. "Guatemala Embassies in Turkey". pickvisa.com. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Search results". protocol.dfat.gov.au. Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ "Guatemala". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ dfat.gov.au (PDF). Dept Foreign Affairs and Trade http://dfat.gov.au/trade/resources/Documents/guat.pdf. Retrieved 2017. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ Canada, Global Affairs Canada-Affaires mondiales (20 November 2008). "Embassy of Canada to Guatemala". GAC.
  13. ^ "Forbidden". canada.minex.gob.gt.
  14. ^ "President Ma meets Guatemalan Vice President Fuentes - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Embassy of El Salvador in Guatemala (in Spanish)
  16. ^ "Forbidden". elsalvador.minex.gob.gt.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-07. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Forbidden". honduras.minex.gob.gt.
  19. ^ "Embassy of India Guatemala". indemguatemala.gov.in.
  20. ^ "The Opening of Guatemalan Embassy in Jakarta Marks New Phase of Indonesia-Guatemala's Bilateral Relationship". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Indonesia. 2019-12-10.
  21. ^ http://www.ajcarchives.org/AJC_DATA/Files/1950_14_Israel.pdf
  22. ^ "Embajada de Israel en Guatemala". embassies.gov.il (in Spanish). Retrieved .
  23. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-palestinians-guatemala-idUSKCN1IH0Q7
  24. ^ anatolianet (2021-02-26). "1st vaccines arrive in Honduras, Guatemala from Israel". TurkishPress. Retrieved .
  25. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Guatemala City (in Spanish).
  26. ^ Embassy of Guatemala in Mexico City (in Spanish).
  27. ^ Embassy of the Russian Federation in Guatemala City
  28. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea-Latin America and Caribbean".
  29. ^ " ?  : ". blog.naver.com.
  30. ^ Embajada de la República de Corea en Guatemala
  31. ^ admin. "Homepage".
  32. ^ "Páginas - Embajada de España en Guatemala". exteriores.gob.es.
  33. ^ "Guatemala abre en Bangkok y Yakarta sus primeras embajadas en sureste de Asia" (in Spanish). 2019-12-09.
  34. ^ "II.Bilateral Relations (Main Documents)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  35. ^ a b c "Relations between Turkey and Guatemala".
  36. ^ "Embassy of Guatemala to the United Kingdom". Embajada de Guatemala. Retrieved .
  37. ^ Internacional, Edificio Torre; Nivel 11; Calle 0-55, 16; issues, Zona 10 Guatemala City Guatemala City Guatemala Switchboard +502-2380-7300 Use our contact form for consular enquiries:www gov uk/contact-consulate-guatemala-cityFor enquiries that are not about consular; Times, Opening. "British Embassy Guatemala City - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Retrieved .CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  38. ^ Menchu, Sofia (2020-01-17). "Guatemala's new president cuts ties with Venezuela, as promised". Reuters. Retrieved .

External links


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