Finno-Ugric Peoples
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Finno-Ugric Peoples

The Finno-Ugric countries are the three independent nation states with a national majority that speaks a Finno-Ugric language: Finland and Estonia, which are inhabited by Baltic Finnic peoples, and Hungary, which is majority Magyar.[1]

The Finno-Ugric countries work together in funding research on Finno-Ugric topics and in protecting the minority rights of Finno-Ugric-speaking nations (collectively called Fenno-Ugria) that don't occupy sovereign states.[2] The three countries are represented in the Finno-Ugric Congress.[3][4]

Modern entities

Independent sovereign states


Name Capital Founded
 Finland Helsinki 6 December 1917
 Estonia Tallinn 24 February 1918


Name Capital Founded
 Hungary Budapest c. 895

Countries where Finno-Ugric languages have official status


Name Capital Language(s)
Finland: Sami native region Sajos Sami
 Norway Oslo Sami and Kven
 Sweden Stockholm Finnish, Meänkieli and Sami

The recently extinct Livonian language has special though unofficial status in  Latvia.


Name Capital Language(s)
 Romania (Harghita, Covasna etc. counties) Hungarian
Serbia:  Vojvodina Novi Sad Hungarian

Volga Finnic

Name Capital Language(s)
Russia:  Komi Syktyvkar Komi
Russia:  Mari El Yoshkar-Ola Meadow Mari, Hill Mari
Russia:  Mordovia Saransk Erzya, Moksha
Russia:  Udmurtia Izhevsk Udmurt

Provinces and autonomous regions without official status

Historical states and dynasties

Hungarian states

Name Year(s) Capital Map
Hétmagyar confederation 9th century Unknown
Principality of Hungary 895-1000 Esztergom and Székesfehérvár
Árpád Kingdom 1000-1301 Esztergom and Székesfehérvár Kingdom of Hungary 1190.svg
Kingdom of Hungary (1301-1526) 1301-1526 Esztergom, Székesfehérvár and Buda
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
Buda (1526-41)
Lippa (1541-42)
Gyulafehérvár (1542-70)
Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary
(since 1804 crownland of the  Austrian Empire)
1526-1867 Buda (1526-1536, 1784-1873)
Pressburg (1536-1783)
KingdomOfHungary Josephinische Landesaufnahme Original Map 1782-1785.jpg
Principality of Transylvania (1570-1711)
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
1570-1711 Gyulafehérvár (1570-1692)
Nagyszeben (1692-1711)
Transylvanian Principality.svg
Principality of Upper Hungary
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
1682-1685 Kassa Central europe 1683.png
Grand Principality of Transylvania
(since 1804 part of the  Austrian Empire)
1711-1867 Nagyszeben (1711-1791, 1848-1861)
Kolozsvár (1791-1848, 1861-1867)
Romania 1859-1878.png
Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen
(part of  Austria-Hungary)
1867-1918 Budapest Cisleithania, Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg

Post-World War I states

Autonomous regions


  1. ^ Korkut, Umut (21 April 2009). "Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Common Finno-Ugric Ethnic and Linguistic Links Substantiate Intra-EU CFSP Co-Operation?". Retrieved 2018 – via
  2. ^ Casen, Marie (30 June 2014). "Udmurt Identity Issues: Core Moments from the Middle Ages to the Present Day". Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics. 8 (1): 91-110. Retrieved 2018 – via
  3. ^ Ruotsala, Helena (20 February 2018). "X Finno-Ugric Congress in Mari El". Ethnologia Fennica. 32: 74-76. Retrieved 2018 – via
  4. ^ "FennoUgria: World Congresses". Retrieved 2018.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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