|Federal Chancellor of Switzerland|
|Residence||Federal Palace of Switzerland|
|Term length||Four years, renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Jean-Marc Mousson|
The Federal Chancellor (German: Bundeskanzler(in); French: Chancelier(-ière) fédéral(e); Italian: Cancelliere(-a) della Confederazione; Romansh: Chancelier(a) federal(a)) is the head of the Federal Chancellery of Switzerland, the oldest Swiss federal institution, established at the initiative of Napoleon in 1803. The officeholder acts as the general staff of the seven-member Federal Council. The Swiss Chancellor is not a member of the government; the office of Chancellor is not at all comparable to that of the Chancellor of Germany or the Chancellor of Austria.
The Federal Chancellor is elected for a four-year term by the Federal Assembly, assembled together as the United Federal Assembly, at the same time as it elects the Federal Council. The current Chancellor, Walter Thurnherr, a member of The Centre from Aargau, was elected on 9 December 2015. He began his term on 1 January 2016. Thurnherr was reelected on 11 December 2019.
One or two Vice-Chancellors are also appointed. In contrast to the Chancellor, they are appointed directly by the Federal Council. Prior to 1852, the position was called the State Secretary of the Confederation. The two current Vice-Chancellors are André Simonazzi from Valais (Independent) since 2009 (also spokesman of the Federal Council) and Viktor Rossi from Bern (GLP/PVL) since 2019.
The position is a political appointment and has only a technocratic role.
The Chancellor attends meetings of the Federal Council but does not have a vote. The Chancellor also prepares the Federal Council's reports to the Federal Assembly on its policy and activities. Still, the Chancellor's position is often referred to as that of an 'eighth Federal Councillor'. The chancellery is also responsible for the publication of all federal laws.
|2||1831-1847||Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn||1800-1849||Liberal||Lucerne|
|3||1848-1881||Johann Ulrich Schiess||1813-1883||Liberal||Appenzell Ausserrhoden|
|5||1910-1918||Hans Schatzmann||1848-1923||Free Democratic Party||Aargau|
|6||1919-1925||Adolf von Steiger||1859-1925||Free Democratic Party||Bern|
|7||1925-1934||Robert Käslin||1871-1934||Free Democratic Party||Nidwalden|
|8||1934-1943||George Bovet||1874-1946||Free Democratic Party||Neuchâtel|
|9||1944-1951||Oskar Leimgruber||1886-1976||Christian Democratic People's Party||Fribourg|
|10||1951-1967||Charles Oser||1902-1994||Free Democratic Party||Basel-Stadt|
|11||1968-1981||Karl Huber||1915-2002||Christian Democratic People's Party||St. Gallen|
|12||1981-1991||Walter Buser||1926-2019||Social Democratic Party||Basel-Landschaft|
|13||1991-1999||François Couchepin||1935-||Free Democratic Party||Valais|
|14||2000-2007||Annemarie Huber-Hotz||1948-2019||Free Democratic Party||Zug|
|15||2008-2015||Corina Casanova||1956-||Christian Democratic People's Party||Grisons|
|16||2016-present||Walter Thurnherr||1963-||Christian Democratic People's Party||Aargau|