EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg
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EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg

Basel Mulhouse Freiburg

Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse

Flughafen Basel-Mülhausen
Basel airport logo.png
Aéroport Bâle-Mulhouse 2.jpg
Airport typeInternational
OwnerFrance and Swiss canton of Basel-City
OperatorL'administration de l'Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse
ServesBasel, Switzerland
Mulhouse, France
Freiburg, Germany
LocationSaint-Louis, France
Hub for
Elevation AMSL885 ft / 270 m
Coordinates47°35?24?N 007°31?45?E / 47.59000°N 7.52917°E / 47.59000; 7.52917Coordinates: 47°35?24?N 007°31?45?E / 47.59000°N 7.52917°E / 47.59000; 7.52917
BSL/MLH/EAP is located in Alsace
Location of airport in Alsace region
BSL/MLH/EAP is located in France
Location of airport in France
BSL/MLH/EAP is located in Switzerland
Location of airport near Switzerland
BSL/MLH/EAP is located in Germany
Location of airport near Germany
BSL/MLH/EAP is located in Europe
BSL/MLH/EAP (Europe)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,900 12,795 Concrete
08/26 1,820 5,971 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Freight (tons)110,129
Aircraft movements99,313
Sources: French AIP,[2] airport's annual report[3] and French AIP at EUROCONTROL[4]

EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg (IATA: MLH, BSL, EAP, ICAO: LFSB)[note 1][1] is an international airport in the French Alsace region, in the administrative commune of Saint-Louis near the border tripoint between France, Germany, and Switzerland. It is 3.5 km (2.2 mi) northwest of the city of Basel, Switzerland, 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mulhouse in France, and 46 km (29 mi) south-southwest of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany. The airport is jointly administered by France and Switzerland, governed by a 1949 international convention.

The airport serves as a base for easyJet Switzerland and mainly features flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations.


Early years

Aerial view

Plans for the construction of a joint Swiss-French airport started in the 1930s, but were halted by the Second World War. Swiss planners identified Basel as one of the four cities for which a main urban airport would be developed, and recognized that the existing airfield at Sternenfeld in Birsfelden was too small and, due to development of the adjacent river port facilities, unsuitable for expansion. The suburb of Allschwil was proposed for a new airport, and this would require being constructed across the Franco-Swiss border, leading to talks with French authorities centered developing a single airport that would serve both countries, enhancing its international airport status.[5]

In 1946 talks resumed and it was agreed that an airport would be built 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Blotzheim, France. France would provide the land and the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt would cover the construction costs. Basel-Stadt's Grand Council agreed to pay the costs for a provisional airport even before an international treaty was signed (which was not until 1949). Construction began on 8 March 1946 and a provisional airport with a 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) runway was officially opened on 8 May.

Between autumn 1951 and spring 1953, the east-west runway was extended to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) and the "Zollfreistrasse" (customs-free road) was constructed, allowing access from Basel to the departure terminal without passing through French border controls.

The first enlargement project was approved by referendum in Basel in 1960 and, over the following decades, the terminals and runways were continually extended. The north-south runway was extended further to 3,900 metres (12,800 ft) in 1972. In 1984, an annual total of 1 million passengers was reached. In 1987, the trademark name EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg was introduced.[6]

In 1992 a total of 2 million passengers used the airport. By 1998, this number rose up to 3 million.

Development in the 2000s

A decision was made to enlarge the terminals again with a new "Y-finger" dock. The first phase was completed in 2002 and the second phase in 2005.

Crossair was based at Basel and was its largest airline. Following the Swissair liquidation in 2001, the subsequent ending of services in early 2002, and the transformation of Crossair into Swiss International Air Lines, the number of flights from Basel fell and the new terminal was initially underused. In 2004 the low-cost carrier easyJet opened a base at Basel and the passenger totals rose again, reaching 4 million in 2006.

From 2007 until 2009, Ryanair also flew to the airport for the first time. However, as result of a dispute over landing fees, the airline closed all eight routes.[7] More recently Ryanair announced it would return in April 2014, with the resumption of Basel-Dublin route as well as the new route Basel - London-Stansted. Since then, Ryanair has hinted at the possibility of adding new routes in the foreseeable future.

In December 2014, Swiss International Air Lines announced it would cease all operations at Basel by 31 May 2015 due to heavy competition from low-cost carriers.[8] Swiss faced direct competition on five out of its six Basel routes, all of which were operated by Swiss Global Air Lines. The Lufthansa Group announced it would set up Eurowings' first base outside Germany at the EuroAirport as a replacement. However these plans were later cancelled in favour of Vienna International Airport.[9]

In January 2017, the removal of Basel/Mulhouse from Air Berlin and its Swiss subsidiary Belair's route networks was announced.[10]

International status

EuroAirport is one of the few airports in the world operated jointly by two countries,[11] in this case France and Switzerland. It is governed by a 1949 international convention. The headquarters of the airport's operations are located in Blotzheim, France.[12] The airport is located completely on French soil; it also has a Swiss customs border and is connected to the Swiss Customs Area by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long customs free road to Basel, allowing air travellers access into Switzerland bypassing French customs clearance. The airport is operated via a state treaty established in 1946 wherein the two countries (Switzerland and France) are granted access to the airport without any customs or other border restrictions. The airport's board has eight members each from France and Switzerland and two advisers from Germany.[13]

The airport building is split into two separate sections: Swiss and French. Though the entire airport is on French soil and under French jurisdiction, the Swiss authorities have the authority to apply Swiss laws regarding customs, medical services and police work in the Swiss section, including the customs road connecting Basel with the airport. French police are allowed to execute random checks in the Swiss section as well.[13] With Switzerland joining the Schengen Treaty in March 2009, the air side was rearranged to include a Schengen and non-Schengen zone.[14] As border control is staffed by both Swiss and French border officers, passengers departing to or arriving from non-Schengen countries may receive either a Swiss or French passport stamp, depending on which officer they happen to approach.

Due to its international status, EuroAirport has three IATA airport codes: BSL (Basel) is the Swiss code, MLH (Mulhouse) is the French code and EAP (EuroAirport) is the neutral code.[1] The ICAO airport code is: LFSB, LSZM is now the ICAO code for the airport of Mollis. (formerly LSMF)[2]


The EuroAirport consists of a single terminal building, a brick-style main area with four levels and the Y-shaped gate area attached to it. The basement (Level 1) contains the access to the car park, the ground level (Level 2) features the arrivals facilities. Level 3 is the check-in area divided into halls 1-4 while the departure gates are located at Level 4. The gate area features gates 1-2, 20-46, 60-61 and 78-87 of which gates 22-32 are used for non-Schengen flights.[15] Six of the boarding gates feature jet bridges, the others are used for walk- or bus-boarding. As described above, the landside areas are uniquely divided into French and Swiss parts.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at the EuroAirport:[16]

Air Algérie Constantine
Seasonal: Algiers
Air Arabia Casablanca
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada[17][18]
Air France Hop Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
AnadoluJet Ankara,[19] Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[20]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Chair Airlines Pristina
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu,[21][22] Heraklion,[21][22] ?zmir, Kos,[21][22] Rhodes[21][22]
[23] Alghero, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Bristol (ends 25 March 2022),[24] Budapest, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Montpellier, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Toulouse, Valencia, Vienna
Seasonal: Agadir, Ajaccio, Bastia, Biarritz, Cagliari, Calvi, Dubrovnik, Faro, Figari, Hurghada, Ibiza, Lamezia Terme, Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo,[25] Pula, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 3 November 2021),[26] Split, Thessaloniki, Zadar
Eurowings Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[27] Sharm El Sheikh[27]
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Jerez de la Frontera,[28] Larnaca,[29] Pristina,[30] Santorini[31]
Holiday Europe Seasonal charter: Dubai-Al Maktoum[32]
Iberia Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Monastir
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Ryanair Dublin, Zagreb (begins 3 December 2021)[33]
SunExpress Antalya
Seasonal: ?zmir
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Heraklion, Marrakesh
Tunisair Djerba
Seasonal: Gaziantep
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air[34] Banja Luka,[35] Bari (begins 1 November 2021), Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest, Chi?in?u, Cluj-Napoca, Ni?, Ohrid, Palermo,[36] Pristina, Sarajevo,[37] Skopje, Sofia, Tirana, Tuzla, Warsaw-Chopin



Passenger numbers

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Route statistics

Busiest routes at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg Airport by passengers [40]
Rank City 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
1 Kosovo Pristina 103 806 158 867 138 668 115 066 105 338
2 Netherlands Amsterdam 56 954 222 480 219 746 210 215 206 986
3 Portugal Porto 54 460 108 173 108 106 106 307 103 998
4 Turkey Istanbul (Sabiha Gökçen) 47 625 103 528 87 709 78 588 70 338
5 Germany Hamburg 40 667 126 019 118 612 112 104 113 642
6 Germany Berlin (Tegel) 38 923 147 257
7 France Nice 36 088 93 345 91 405 92 490 87 752
8 Spain Barcelona 33 727 177 693 179 538 173 414 170 492
9 United Kingdom London (Gatwick) 33 326 143 672 141 380 138 051 135 895
10 Hungary Budapest 32 234 124 652 89 290
11 Turkey Istanbul (Istanbul) 31 575 60 690
12 Turkey Antalya (Antalya) 28 639 75 789
13 United Kingdom London (Heathrow) 28 202 140 676 140 289 129 091 126 362
14 Spain Palma de Mallorca 26 692 153 240 172 534 182 496 155 949
15 Portugal Lisbon 25 255 101 667
16 North Macedonia Skopje (Skopje) 24 710 61 660
17 Austria Wien 24 172 99 173
18 France Bordeaux 22 715 68 836
19 Spain Alicante 17 916
20 Germany Berlin (Schönefeld) 16 764 80 956 192 847 222 665 217 504
Spain Madrid 15 084 87 218 91 386 80 318
France Paris (Charles de Gaulle) 14 539 72 785 75 910 76 900 82 424
Germany Munich 13 773 85 508 87 754 80 186 76 625
Germany Frankfurt 13 342 92 685 93 550 83 348 76 381
Turkey Istanbul (Atatürk) 21 553 82 821 73 527 72 896

Other facilities

Swiss International Air Lines head office at EuroAirport
  • The headquarters of Swiss International Air Lines and Swiss Global Air Lines are on the grounds at EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg in the Swiss section of the airport; even though the airport is within France, the Swiss head office is only accessible from Switzerland.[41][42] The Swiss division Swiss Aviation Software has its head office there as well.[43]
  • Farnair Switzerland formerly had its head office at EuroAirport. As in the case of the Swiss head office, the area with the former Farnair head office may only be accessed from Switzerland.[44] The head office moved to its current location, the Villa Guggenheim in Allschwil, in proximity to EuroAirport, on 1 October 2011.[45]
  • Hello, a now defunct Swiss airline, had its head office in the General Aviation area of EuroAirport.[46]
  • Prior to the formation of Swiss International Air Lines, the regional airline Crossair was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport.[47] Prior to its dissolution, Crossair Europe was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport as well.[48]

Ground transportation


Location of the airport relative to Basel and its surroundings

The airport is connected to motorway A3 which leads from Basel to the southeast of Switzerland passing Zürich.


There are several bus connections to and from the EuroAirport to all three countries around it:

  • On the Swiss exit Basel's BVB bus No. 50[49] connects the airport to the Basel SBB railway station, which is the main Swiss and French railway station in Basel. During weekdays, there is a service every 7-8 minutes and on weekends, every 10 minutes during daytime. The duration of the trip is about 20 minutes. On the day of a visitor's arrival to Basel, a reservation confirmation from a local hotel guarantees a free transfer by public transport from the station or the EuroAirport to the hotel.[50]
  • On the French exit, Saint-Louis' DistriBus bus No. 11 connects the airport to the Saint-Louis railway station in 10 minutes.[51]
  • The German private bus company Flixbus calls at Zürich, Basel and Freiburg Germany up to five times a day. FlixBus however only serves the French exit of the airport. Serving Swiss destinations from the French part of the airport is a questionable legal trick, as people transport by foreign companies inside of Switzerland is illegal without official authorization due to cabotage regulations, which will not be granted by Swiss authorities on routes already supported by tax-financed public services. It's illegal to travel between Swiss destinations only. Police started to do random checks and to fine failing travelers. Serving Swiss destinations from abroad however is compliant.[52][53]


As of 2021 the closest train station is the Saint-Louis-la-Chaussée station, some 900 m (3,000 ft) north of the terminal. There are plans to build a dedicated airport rail link opening some time in the 2020s.

See also


  1. ^ IATA airport 3-letter codes for the French area, the Swiss area, and the metropolitan area


  1. ^ a b c "Airline and Airport Code Search: 3-letter airport code". Quebec, Canada: International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 2014. Search for location
  2. ^ a b LFSB - BÂLE-MULHOUSE. AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 9 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2013 (2/3): Key Figures" (annual report) (in French, German, and English). l'Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ EAD Basic Archived 23 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Bell, E. A. (10 May 1945). "Swiss Planning". Flight and Aircraft Engineer. Royal Aero Club. XLVII (1898): 501. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ "EuroAirport - Serving the needs of the RegioTriRhena". EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Ryanair verlässt den EuroAirport". Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Kurznachrichten: SWISS verlässt Basel, Regierungsterminal in Berlin und Fluggastzahlen von Air France". Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Lufthansa-Billigairline: Eurowings: Wien statt Basel - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Das Streckennetz der new airberlin -". Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ Cochennec, Yann (27 August 2018). "Des avions et des hommes : destination EuroAirport".
  12. ^ "General conditions of use Archived 28 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine". EuroAirport. Retrieved on 24 September 2009. "The Site is published by Basel-Mulhouse Airport, a Franco-Swiss public enterprise governed by the international convention of 4 July 1949 concerning its construction and operation and the headquarters of which are situated at 68730 Blotzheim, France".
  13. ^ a b "Schweizerisch-Französischer Staatsvertrag vom 4. Juli 1949 (Höflichkeitsübersetzung)" (in German). EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg. 1 November 2006. Retrieved 2014.
  14. ^ "Terminal plan". EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg. Archived from the original on 12 May 2012. Retrieved 2014.
  15. ^ "Terminalplan". Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Flight plan".
  18. ^ "Egypt's Air Cairo, SunExpress ink cooperation agreement". 8 March 2021.
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ a b c d
  22. ^ a b c d
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ a b "New FTI flight program is bookable". 10 October 2019.
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ "FTI back in full charter to Dubai - with Holiday Europe". 3 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Ryanair Opens Its Zagreb Base & Launches Winter '21 Schedule". Ryanair corporate news. 23 July 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^ - Flight Operation Status retrieved 17 November 2019
  39. ^ retrieved 12 September 2019
  40. ^
  41. ^ "Facts and figures Archived 1 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 13 June 2009.
  42. ^ "Swiss International Air Lines Basel Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  43. ^ "CONTACT". Swiss Aviation Software. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Swiss AviationSoftware Ltd. BSLSAS/MA P.O.Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland Marketing & Administration" The location is implied by this picture Archived 27 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine which is of the Swiss head office at Basel Airport.
  44. ^ "How to find us". Farnair Europe. Retrieved on 8 December 2010.
  45. ^ "Contact Us". (Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine) Farnair Switzerland. Retrieved on 19 February 2012.
  46. ^ "Hello Location Archived 10 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine". (Direct image link) Hello. Retrieved on 1 July 2010.
  47. ^ "Location". Crossair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009.
  48. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 23-29 March 2004. 58.
  49. ^ "BVB - Line network". Basel, Switzerland: BVB. Archived from the original on 28 May 2011. Retrieved 2014.
  50. ^ "Mobility Ticket". Basel, Switzerland: Basel Tourismus. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  51. ^ "Navette EuroAirport" [EuroAirport shuttle] (in French). Saint-Louis, France: DistriBus. Retrieved 2021.
  52. ^ Petar Marjanovic (16 June 2016). "Umstrittene SBB-Konkurrenz: Bund will Fernbus-Tricksern an den Kragen". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016.
  53. ^ SDA/gr (10 November 2016). "Bundesrat über Fernbus-Trickser: Verstösse kaum nachzuweisen!". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016.

External links

Media related to Bâle-Mulhouse Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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