Estevan
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Estevan
Estevan
City of Estevan
War of the worlds (4956917528).jpg
Official seal of Estevan
Nickname(s): 
The Energy City
Estevan is located in Saskatchewan
Estevan
Estevan
Location of Estevan in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 49°08?21?N 102°59?10?W / 49.13917°N 102.98611°W / 49.13917; -102.98611Coordinates: 49°08?21?N 102°59?10?W / 49.13917°N 102.98611°W / 49.13917; -102.98611
CountryCanada
ProvinceSaskatchewan
Rural municipalityEstevan
First settler1892
Village1899
Town1906
CityMarch 1, 1957
Government
 o TypeMayor-council government
 o MayorRoy Ludwig
Area
 o Land9.16 km2 (3.54 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
 o Total11,258[1]
 o Density1,228.9/km2 (3,183/sq mi)
Forward sortation area
Websiteestevan.ca Edit this at Wikidata

Estevan is the eighth-largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada. It is approximately 16 km (9.9 mi) north of the Canada-United States border. The Souris River runs by the city. This city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Estevan No. 5.

History

The first settlers in what was to become Estevan arrived in 1892, along with the expansion of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It was incorporated as a village in 1899, and later became a town in 1906. On March 1, 1957, Estevan acquired the status of a city, which, in Saskatchewan terms, is any community of 5,000 or more.[2]

The name origin is attributed to George Stephen's registered telegraphic address, Estevan.[3] George Stephen was the first President of the Canadian Pacific Railway from 1881 to 1888.

World War I military unit

Cenotaph and law courts

On December 22, 1915, the 152nd (Weyburn-Estevan) Battalion, CEF was authorised and recruited men from the area before departing to Great Britain on October 3, 1916.

1931 riot

Estevan was the site of the notorious Estevan Riot in 1931. Although most of the strikers were from nearby Bienfait, the strike is associated with Estevan because it was in this city the demonstrators were met by members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. After the subsequent riot, which lasted 45 minutes, three strikers lay dead. It was later proven the three miners had been killed by the RCMP. The miners had been organised by the Workers' Unity League.

Demographics

Economy

Coal hauler

The major industries in Estevan are coal mining, power generation at nearby Boundary Dam Power Station and Shand Power Station,[8] oil and gas, and agriculture.

Arts and culture

Estevan Cornet Band

Museums and galleries

The city of Estevan has two museums, one of which is primarily a gallery.

The Estevan Art Gallery and Museum, formerly the Estevan National Exhibition Centre, was founded in 1978.[9] The Estevan Art Gallery is a free public gallery that showcases contemporary art. The Gallery's permanent collection includes woodblock-print works by Andrew King.[10] The Estevan Art Gallery and Museum, EAGM, also features the North-West Mounted Police Wood End Post Historical Site, NWMP Museum. This museum is in a house which is the oldest-known North-West Mounted Police Detachment Post in Saskatchewan and holds a collection related to the North-West Mounted Police and the 1874 March West from Roche Percée to Estevan.[11]

The Souris Valley Museum, SVM, is a local and regional history museum focused on human development and daily life within south-east Saskatchewan. It was founded in 2001, primarily from the collection of Stan Durr. The museum provides an engaging depiction of the social and cultural influences and economic development of south-east Saskatchewan. The collection includes the Schneller Schoolhouse, a Threshing Cook Car, a Homesteader Shack, two of Estevan's original Firetrucks, and a Heritage Mining Display.[12]

Arts council

The Estevan Arts Council, founded in 1967, is a non-profit organisation that offers art classes and workshops, adjudicates art shows, hosts concerts, and provides a youth art scholarships through the work of volunteers and community donations and grants.[13]

Sports

Affinity Place entrance
Inside Affinity Place

Affinity Place[14] is a 2,650 seat Multi-Purpose Entertainment and Sports Facility that was built to supplement the two other ageing ice surfaces in Estevan, the Civic Auditorium and Lignite Miners Centre. It opened on 15 April 2011. Affinity Place is home to the Estevan Bruins, a junior ice hockey team playing in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League (SJHL),[15] and the Midget AAA Estevan Bears.[16] Affinity Place also has a Racquetball court, swimming pool, and a gym. Right next to Affinity Place is the Estevan Curling Club.[17]

The nine-team Saskota Baseball League has two teams in Estevan, the Southeast Diamondbacks and the Estevan Tap House Wolves.[18]

A former Estevan team, the Estevan Bears, played in the Big 6 Hockey League. They won the Lincoln Trophy three straight years from 1985 to 1987. CJSL AM 1150 broadcasts many Big 6 hockey games.

Climate

Estevan has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) It falls into the NRC Plant Hardiness Zone 4a.[19]

Estevan's climate is characterized by cold, long, and dry winters with warm, short and, relatively humid summers. The mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is -13.7 °C (7.3 °F).[20] The precipitation in winter[21] is chiefly snow, averaging 56.0 cm (22.05 in).[20] The spring is a short transitional season, with a mean temperature of 4.4 °C (39.9 °F) and 107.3 mm (4.22 in) of precipitation, with significant snowfall in April.[20] The summer is usually warm (the mean average high temperature is 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) (average high in July, the warmest month, is 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and humid (190.8 mm (7.51 in) of total precipitation).[20] Autumn, as spring, is transitional, being warm in September and cooler in October and November. At this time of the year, the average temperature is 4.6 °C (40.3 °F) and the total precipitation is 85.9 mm (3.38 in).[20] Estevan is the sunniest city year-round in Canada, and it is also the city with the clearest skies year round in Canada.[22]

The highest temperature ever recorded in Estevan was 43.3 °C (110 °F) on 5 July 1936,[23] and 5 July 1937.[24] The coldest temperature ever recorded was -46.7 °C (-52 °F) on 11 January 1916,[25] and 16 February 1936.[26]

Climate data for Estevan (Estevan Airport), elevation: 572 m (1,877 ft), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1900-present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 11.2 16.8 23.0 31.6 37.6 43.5 52.0 44.1 38.9 33.3 21.5 12.8 52.0
Record high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
17.0
(62.6)
26.1
(79.0)
32.2
(90.0)
38.7
(101.7)
39.1
(102.4)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106.0)
38.3
(100.9)
33.3
(91.9)
22.1
(71.8)
15.6
(60.1)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) -8.2
(17.2)
-5.3
(22.5)
1.5
(34.7)
12.2
(54.0)
18.6
(65.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.1
(79.0)
20.0
(68.0)
11.7
(53.1)
1.3
(34.3)
-6.5
(20.3)
10.1
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) -13.7
(7.3)
-10.7
(12.7)
-3.8
(25.2)
5.3
(41.5)
11.5
(52.7)
16.5
(61.7)
19.4
(66.9)
18.6
(65.5)
12.6
(54.7)
5.1
(41.2)
-4.1
(24.6)
-11.8
(10.8)
3.7
(38.7)
Average low °C (°F) -19.2
(-2.6)
-16.1
(3.0)
-9.1
(15.6)
-1.6
(29.1)
4.3
(39.7)
9.8
(49.6)
12.3
(54.1)
11.1
(52.0)
5.1
(41.2)
-1.6
(29.1)
-9.4
(15.1)
-17.1
(1.2)
-2.6
(27.3)
Record low °C (°F) -46.7
(-52.1)
-46.7
(-52.1)
-36.7
(-34.1)
-25.0
(-13.0)
-10.6
(12.9)
-3.9
(25.0)
-0.6
(30.9)
-3.3
(26.1)
-11.1
(12.0)
-21.5
(-6.7)
-32.8
(-27.0)
-39.5
(-39.1)
-46.7
(-52.1)
Record low wind chill -55.5 -60.0 -50.5 -35.0 -17.7 -7.7 0.0 -4.0 -13.0 -31.2 -43.8 -55.4 -60.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.4
(0.72)
14.1
(0.56)
22.1
(0.87)
23.7
(0.93)
56.2
(2.21)
74.8
(2.94)
67.5
(2.66)
51.7
(2.04)
36.1
(1.42)
28.0
(1.10)
17.5
(0.69)
17.1
(0.67)
427.0
(16.81)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.67
(0.03)
1.2
(0.05)
7.1
(0.28)
16.3
(0.64)
52.1
(2.05)
74.8
(2.94)
67.5
(2.66)
51.7
(2.04)
35.7
(1.41)
20.4
(0.80)
3.7
(0.15)
0.49
(0.02)
331.6
(13.06)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 22.2
(8.7)
15.3
(6.0)
16.5
(6.5)
7.9
(3.1)
4.0
(1.6)
0.05
(0.02)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.47
(0.19)
7.7
(3.0)
16.4
(6.5)
20.1
(7.9)
110.7
(43.6)
Average precipitation days 10.1 8.1 8.9 8.1 11.5 13.5 11.1 10.0 9.0 7.7 7.7 10.6 116.4
Average rainy days 0.63 0.87 3.1 5.9 11.1 13.5 11.1 10.0 8.8 5.9 1.9 0.87 73.7
Average snowy days 10.8 8.4 7.1 3.2 0.97 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.37 2.4 6.8 11.4 51.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 113.8 135.9 178.6 230.1 257.3 276.2 324.8 292.8 213.2 170.8 111.6 99.2 2,404.3
Percent possible sunshine 42.2 47.5 48.6 56.0 54.3 57.0 66.4 65.6 56.2 50.9 40.5 38.6 52.0
Source: Environment Canada[20][27][25][26][23][24]

Gallery

Local media

Newspapers

  • The Estevan Mercury, the newspaper in Estevan since 1903, provides weekly distribution to every household in the City free of charge. The newspaper also provides up-to-date news via online editorial copy and local videos.[28] It also has as free TMC newspaper circulated throughout southeast Saskatchewan to over 9,000 homes; the Southeast Trader Express.
  • Pipeline News, Saskatchewan Petroleum Monthly newspaper is also based out of Estevan. Southeast Saskatchewan has a significant amount of oil production, and the Pipeline News' main office is situated locally to report on these matters.[29]
  • Estevan Lifestyles is a free circulation weekly publication that shares the stories of the people in the Estevan area and the southeast corner of Saskatchewan. The publication also publishes NewsBreak, a daily coffee paper geared towards lighter reading.[30]

Radio

  • CJSL AM 1150, CHSN-FM 102.3, and CKSE-FM 106.1 all broadcast from studios on 5th Street in Estevan.
  • The news website DiscoverEstevan.com is also run by the radio station offering local news, weather, and sports. All are owned by Golden West Broadcasting.

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Census Profile, 2016 Census
  2. ^ Salmers, G.C. (2006). "Estevan". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Great Plains Research Center. Archived from the original on 2012-11-24. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Saskatchewan Business. "Estevan". Retrieved .
  4. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ https://www.saskpower.com/Our-Power-Future/Our-Electricity/Electrical-System/System-Map/Shand-Power-Station
  9. ^ Sain Collections - Estevan National Exhibition Centre. Sain.scaa.sk.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  10. ^ Estevan Art Gallery & Museum - Permanent Collection Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine. Estevanartgallery.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  11. ^ Estevan Art Gallery & Museum - North West Mounted Police Museum Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine. Estevanartgallery.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  12. ^ About. Souris Valley Museum. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  13. ^ About Archived 2012-11-28 at the Wayback Machine. Estevan Arts Council. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  14. ^ http://estevan.ca/affinity-place/
  15. ^ https://www.estevanbruins.com/
  16. ^ http://www.estevanbears.com/leagues/front_pagePlus.cfm?clientID=6801&leagueID=32456
  17. ^ https://www.estevancurlingclub.net/
  18. ^ http://ballcharts.com/team/?team=saskota
  19. ^ "Plant Hardiness Zone by Municipality". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Estevan A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2013.
  21. ^ Spring is March, April and May. Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine Summer is June, July and August. Archived 2011-08-06 at the Wayback Machine Autumn is September, October and November. Archived 2011-08-06 at the Wayback Machine Winter is December, January and February. Archived 2011-08-06 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Environment Canada (2009-08-12). "The Atlas of Canada - Weather". Archived from the original on April 21, 2010. Retrieved .
  23. ^ a b "July 1936". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ a b "July 1937". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ a b "January 1916". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ a b "February 1936". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ "Estevan (1900-1944)". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016.
  28. ^ estevanmercury.ca. estevanmercury.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  29. ^ pipelinenews.ca. pipelinenews.ca. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.
  30. ^ Estevan Lifestyles. Sasklifestyles.com. Retrieved on 2015-12-13.

Notes

  1. ^ Climate data for Estevan was collected in the city of Estevan from 1900-1944, and at Estevan Airport from 1944 to the present day.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Estevan
 



 



 
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