Eleos
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Eleos
Eleos
Personification of Mercy
Personal information
ParentsNyx and Erebus[1]
SiblingsMoros, Keres, Thanatos, Hypnos, Oneiroi, Momus, Oizys, Hesperides, Moirai, Nemesis, Apate, Geras, Eris, Philotes, Styx, Dolos, Ponos, Euphrosyne, Epiphron, Continentia, Petulantia, Pertinacia
Equivalents
Roman equivalentClementia, Misericordia

In ancient Athens, Eleos (Ancient Greek m.) or Elea was the personification of pity, mercy, clemency, and compassion--the counterpart of Roman goddess Clementia.

Family

Eleos was the daughter of the primodial gods, Nyx (Night) and Erebus (Darkness)[2].

"From Nox/ Nyx (Night) and Erebus [were born]: Fatum/ Moros (Fate), Senectus/ Geras (Old Age), Mors/ Thanatos (Death), Letum (Dissolution), Continentia (Moderation), Somnus/ Hypnos (Sleep), Somnia/ Oneiroi (Dreams), Amor (Love)--that is Lysimeles, Epiphron (Prudence), Porphyrion, Epaphus, Discordia/ Eris (Discord), Miseria/ Oizys (Misery), Petulantia/ Hybris (Wantonness), Nemesis (Envy), Euphrosyne (Good Cheer), Amicitia/ Philotes (Friendship), Misericordia/ Eleos (Compassion), Styx (Hatred); the three Parcae/ Moirai (Fates), namely Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos; the Hesperides."[2]

Mythology

Pausanias states that there was an altar in Athens dedicated to Eleos,[3][failed verification] at which children of Heracles sought refuge from Eurystheus' prosecution.[4][failed verification] Adrastus also came to this altar after the defeat of the Seven against Thebes, praying that those who died in the battle be buried.[] Eleos was only recognized in Athens, where she was honored by the cutting of hair and the undressing of garments at the altar.[5][6]

Statius in Thebaid (1st century) describes the altar to Clementia in Athens (treating Eleos as feminine based on the grammatical gender in Latin): "There was in the midst of the city [of Athens] an altar belonging to no god of power; gentle Clementia (Clemency) [Eleos] had there her seat, and the wretched made it sacred".[]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface
  2. ^ a b Hyginus, Fabulae Preface
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.17.1
  4. ^ Apollodorus, 2.8.1
  5. ^ Patricia Monaghan, PhD (2014). Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines. p. 238. ISBN 9781608682188. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Scholia to Sophocles's Oedipus at Colonus, 258

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Eleos
 



 



 
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