Time in Europe
pale colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where a summer time is observed
Time zones of Africa
The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. Mauritius and the Seychelles are to the east and north-east of Madagascar respectively.
Time in the Middle East
Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight saving time is observed. Eastern European Time ( EET) is one of the names of UTC+02:00 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. The zone uses daylight saving time, so that it uses UTC+03:00 during the summer.
A number of African countries use
UTC+02:00 all year long, where it is called Central Africa Time (CAT), although  Egypt and Libya also use the term Eastern European Time.
The most populous city in the Eastern European Time zone is
The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use
Eastern European Time all year round:
The following countries, parts of countries, and territories use
Eastern European Time during the winter only:
Bulgaria, since 1894, except between 1942 and 1945
Cyprus; Northern Cyprus used Further-eastern European Time for a year in 2016-17 and then reverted 
Estonia, in years 1921-40 and since 1990
Finland, since 1921
Greece, since 1916
Israel, since 1948 (see also Israel Standard Time)
Latvia, in years 1926-40 and since 1990
Lithuania, in 1920-40 and since 1990 with break 1998-1999
Moldova, in years 1918-40, 1941-44 and since 1991
Palestine (see also Palestine Standard Time)
Syria Ukraine, in years 1922-30 and since 1990 
The following countries, parts of countries, and territories used
Eastern European Time in the past:
Sometimes, due to its use on
Microsoft Windows, FLE Standard Time (for Finland, Lithuania, Estonia,  or sometimes Finland, Latvia, Estonia  ) or GTB Standard Time (for Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria) are used to refer to Eastern European Time.
Since political, in addition to purely geographical, criteria are used in the drawing of time zones, it follows that time zones do not precisely adhere to meridian lines. The EET (
UTC+02:00) time zone, were it drawn by purely geographical terms, would consist of exactly the area between meridians 22°30' E and 37°30' E. As a result, there are European locales that despite lying in an area with a "physical" UTC+02:00 time, are in another time zone; likewise, there are European areas that have gone for UTC+02:00, even though their "physical" time zone is different from that. Following is a list of such anomalies:
Areas located outside UTC+02:00 longitudes using Eastern European Time ( UTC+02:00) time
Legal time vs local mean time
1 h ± 30 m behind
0 h ± 30 m
1 h ± 30 m ahead
2 h ± 30 m ahead
3 h ± 30 m ahead
Areas west of 22°30' E ("physical" UTC+01:00) that use UTC+02:00
The westernmost part of Greece, including the cities of
Patras and Ioannina, and the Ionian Islands The very westernmost parts of the
Bulgarian provinces of Vidin and Kyustendil The westernmost part of
Romania, including most of the area of the counties of Cara?-Severin, Timi? (capital Timi?oara), Arad, and Bihor, as well as the westernmost tips of the counties of Mehedin?i and Satu Mare The extreme westernmost tip of
Ukraine, near the border with Hungary and Slovakia, at the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast ( Zakarpattia Oblast), essentially comprising the city of Uzhhorod and its environs Most of the
Kaliningrad Oblast, including the cities of Kaliningrad and Baltiysk Western
Lithuania, including the cities of Klaip?da, Taurag?, and Tel?iai Western
Latvia, including the cities of Liep?ja and Ventspils The westernmost parts of the
Estonian islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, including the capital of the Saare County, Kuressaare The southwestern coast of
Finland, including the city of Turku; also the Åland islands (of Finnish jurisdiction) – the Åland islands are the westernmost locale applying EET in the whole of Europe Most of Libya including the capital Tripoli
Areas east of 37°30' E ("physical"
UTC+03:00) that use UTC+02:00
Areas located within UTC+02:00 longitudes (22°30' E - 37°30' E) using other time zones
These areas have sunrises and sunsets at least half an hour earlier than places on the
The easternmost part of
North Macedonia, including the city of Strumica. The absolutely easternmost part of
Serbia, in the Pirot District, including the city of Pirot. The extreme easternmost tips of Hungary and
Slovakia, bordering to the north and south respectively the Ukrainian Transcarpathian Oblast ( Zakarpattia Oblast), a bit to the east of the Vásárosnamény, Hungary - Uzhhorod, Ukraine (both at 22°18' E) line The easternmost part of Poland, including the cities of
Lublin and Bia?ystok The extreme northeast of Sweden, in the
Norrbotten province, including the cities of Kalix and Haparanda The northeast of Norway, lying north of Finland, roughly coinciding with the county of Finnmark. The easternmost town in Norway, Vardø, lies at 30°51' E, which is located east of even of the central meridian of UTC+02:00, i.e. east of Istanbul and Alexandria. The Norwegian-Russian border and Polish-Belorussian border are the only places where CET (UTC+1/+2) borders Moscow time ( UTC+03:00), resulting in a one (or two in winter) hour time change when crossing that border. There is a "tri-zone" point (where UTC+01:00, UTC+02:00, and UTC+03:00 meet) at the Norway-Finland-Russia tripoint, near the town of Rayakoski.
Belarus is located between 23°11?E and 32°47?E and is thus fully located with the physical UTC+02:00 area, but it uses UTC+03:00 year around. Practically all
European Russia west of Moscow (except Kaliningrad Oblast); this includes the chunk of land from Murmansk all the way south to Belgorod, including the cities of St. Petersburg, Novgorod, and Pskov, to name only a few. (The westernmost point of contiguous Russia, near Lavry, Pskov Oblast, 27°19' E, is the westernmost point in European Russia where UTC+03:00 is applied.) This also includes the city of Anapa, at the westernmost tip of the Krasnodar Krai near the entrance to the Sea of Azov, at 37°22' E. Western Turkey.
Tripoints and borders between zones
The Norway-Russia-Finland "tri-zone" point at
Muotkavaara (see Central European Time) is surrounded by three different times in winter, two in summer. It had three time zones year-around before 2014. Two of the four tripoints of Belarus and the tripoint of the Kaliningrad Region are surrounded by three different times in winter.
Major metropolitan areas
Tel Aviv, Israel
Varna, Bulgaria Vilnius, Lithuania