The Group, as with all the regional groups, is a non-binding dialogue group where subjects concerning regional and international matters are discussed. Additionally, the Group works to help allocates seats on United Nations bodies by nominating candidates from the region.
Prior to the creation of the Regional Groups in 1964, the United Nations Security Council had an Eastern European and Asian Seat, that was occupied between 1946 and 1964 by countries from Eastern Europe (including Greece and Turkey), as well as by members of the modern Western European and Others and Asia-Pacific Groups.
Since its creation, the Group has changed significantly due to the dissolution of various members: the Soviet Union in 1991, Yugoslavia between 1991-2006 and Czechoslovakia in 1993. Additionally, through the process of German reunification, the Group lost the German Democratic Republic as one of its member states.
The Eastern European Group has two seats in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC); the permanent seat of Russia, and one elected seat, currently held by Estonia. The Group further has 6 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council and 6 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. It is also eligible for having its nationals elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly in years ending with 2 and 7; most recently, Vuk Jeremi? of Serbia was elected to this position in June 2012 and was the office holder of the Sixty-seventh session.
|Bulgaria||1 January 2021 - 31 December 2023|
|Armenia||1 January 2019 - 31 December 2021|
|Latvia||1 January 2020 - 31 December 2022|
|Russian Federation||1 January 2021 - 31 December 2023|
|Bulgaria||1 January 2019 - 31 December 2021|
|Armenia||1 January 2020 - 31 December 2022|
Every five years in the years ending in 2 and 7, the Asia-Pacific Group is eligible to elect a president to the General Assembly.
The following is a list of presidents from the region since its official creation in 1963:
|Year Elected||Session||Name of President||Country||Note|
|1977||32nd||Lazar Mojsov||Yugoslavia||Also chaired the 8th, 9th and 10th special sessions of the General Assembly|
|1987||42nd||Peter Florin||German Democratic Republic||Also chaired the 15th special session of the General Assembly|
|1997||52nd||Hennadiy Udovenko||Ukraine||Also chaired the 10th emergency special and 20th special sessions of the General Assembly|
|2002||57th||Jan Kavan||Czech Republic||Also chaired the 10th emergency special session of the General Assembly|
|2007||62nd||Srgjan Kerim||North Macedonia|
|2017||72nd||Miroslav Laj?ák||Slovakia||Also chaired the 10th emergency special session of the General Assembly|
As the Eastern European Group changed significantly over time, the number of its members had also changed.
|Years||Number of members||Notes|
|1966-1973||10||The Eastern Bloc; Ukraine (as Ukrainian SSR) and Belarus (as Byelorussian SSR) were members on their own right (see here)|
|1973-1990||11||with the German Democratic Republic|
|1991||13||Independence of the Baltic states|
|1992||20||Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Breakup of Yugoslavia|
|1993-2006||22||Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Independence of the Republic of Macedonia|