East Japan Railway Company
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East Japan Railway Company

East Japan Railway Company
Native name
Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsud? kabushiki gaisha
lit. "East Japan Passenger Railway Share Company"
TypePublic KK
IndustryRail transport
PredecessorJapanese National Railways (JNR)
Founded1 April 1987 (privatization of JNR)
Area served
Kanto and T?hoku regions
Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka prefectures
Key people
Tetsuro Tomita (Chairman of the Board)[1]
Masaki Ogata (Vice Chairman of the Board)[1]
Yuji Fukasawa (President, Representative Director)[1]
ProductsSuica (a rechargeable contactless smart card)
ServicesPassenger railways[2]
freight services[2]
bus transportation[2]
other related services[2]
  • Increase ¥2,867,200 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥2,756,165 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥487,821 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥427,522 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥245,310 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Decrease ¥180,398 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥7,789,762 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥7,605,690 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase ¥2,442,129 million(FY 2016)[3]
  • Increase ¥2,285,658 million(FY 2015)
OwnerJTSB investment trusts (8.21%)
Mizuho Bank (4.07%)
TMTBJ investment trusts (3.97%)
MUFG Bank (2.75%)
Repurchased shares (2.67%)
(as of 30 September 2018)
Number of employees
73,017 (as of 31 March 2013)[1]
DivisionsRailway operations[4]
Life-style business[4]
IT & Suica business[4]
Subsidiaries83 companies,[5][6]
including Tokyo Monorail and J-TREC
Footnotes / references
  East Japan Railway Company
JR East Shinkansen lineup at Niigata Depot 200910.jpg
Line up of JR East Shinkansen trains, October 2009
National railwayJapan Railways Group
Infrastructure companyJapan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency
Ridership6.169 billion per year[6]
Passenger km130.5 billion per year[6]
System length
Total7,526.8 km (4,676.9 mi)[6]
Double track3,668 km (2,279 mi) (49%)[6]
Electrified5,512.7 km (3,425.4 mi) (73.2%)[6]
High-speed1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) (14.0%)[6]
Track gauge
High-speed ()
Main1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,680.3 km (1,665.5 mi)[6]
20 kV AC, 50 Hz1,779.5 km (1,105.7 mi)[6]
Conventional lines in Tohoku
Joban Line (Fujishiro-Iwanuma)
Mito Line
25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead 1,052.9 km (654.2 mi)[6]
Tohoku Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Joetsu Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Hokuriku Shinkansen (50/60 Hz)
No. tunnels1,263[6]
Tunnel length882 km (548 mi)[6]
Longest tunnelThe Seikan Tunnel 53,850 m (176,670 ft)
Hokkaido Shinkansen[6]
No. bridges14,865[6]
Longest bridgeNo.1 Kitakami River Bridge 3,868 m (12,690 ft)
Tohoku Shinkansen[6]
No. stations1,703[2]

The East Japan Railway Company (Japanese: , Japanese pronunciation: [Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsud? Kabushiki-gaisha]) is a major passenger railway company in Japan and is the largest of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR-EAST[9] or JR East in English, and as JR Higashi-Nihon (Japanese: JR, Japanese pronunciation: [Jei?ru Higashi-Nihon]) in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo, and next to the Shinjuku Station.[2] It is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange (it formerly had secondary listings in the Nagoya and Osaka stock exchanges), is a constituent of the TOPIX Core30 index, and is also one of the three only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR Central and JR West.

Commuter trains on the Yamanote Line in Tokyo
HB-E210 series hybrid DMU on Senseki-Tohoku Line
Special steam train on the J?etsu Line in Gunma Prefecture
Ticket machines in a station in Tokyo
Smart card turnstile in Ikebukuro Station


JR East was incorporated on 1 April 1987 after being spun off from the government-run Japanese National Railways (JNR). The spin-off was nominally "privatization", as the company was actually a wholly owned subsidiary of the government-owned JNR Settlement Corporation for several years, and was not completely sold to the public until 2002.

Following the breakup, JR East ran the operations on former JNR lines in the Greater Tokyo Area, the T?hoku region, and surrounding areas.


Railway lines of JR East primarily serve the Kanto and Tohoku regions, along with adjacent areas in K?shin'etsu region (Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi) and Shizuoka prefectures.


JR East operates all of the Shinkansen, high-speed rail lines, north of Tokyo, except the Hokkaido Shinkansen, which is operated by JR Hokkaido.

The Tokyo–Osaka T?kaid? Shinkansen is owned and operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), although it stops at several JR East stations.

Kanto regional lines

These lines have sections inside the Tokyo suburban area (Japanese: ) designated by JR East. This does not necessarily mean that the lines are fully inside the Greater Tokyo Area.

Koshinetsu regional lines

Tohoku regional lines

Train services

Below is the full list of limited express (including Shinkansen) and express train services operated on JR East lines as of 2011.


Limited express (daytime)

Limited express (overnight)


All remaining express services operated on JR East tracks are overnight expresses train(Japanese: , Japanese pronunciation: [Yak? ky?k? ressha]).


During fiscal 2017, the busiest stations in the JR East network by average daily passenger count were:[11]

  1. Shinjuku Station (778,618)
  2. Ikebukuro Station (566,516)
  3. Tokyo Station (452,549)
  4. Yokohama Station (420,192)
  5. Shinagawa Station (378,566)
  6. Shibuya Station (370,669)
  7. Shimbashi Station (277,404)
  8. Omiya Station (255,147)
    Commuter trains on the Chuo Sobu line
    Commuter trains on the Chuo Sobu line
  9. Akihabara Station (250,251)
  10. Kita-Senju Station (217,838)


JR East headquarters (JR?), located near Shinjuku Station in Tokyo
  • Higashi-Nihon Kiosk - provides newspapers, drinks and other items in station kiosks and operates the Newdays convenience store chain
  • JR Bus Kanto / JR Bus Tohoku - intercity bus operators
  • Nippon Restaurant Enterprise - provides bent? box lunches on trains and in train stations
  • Tokyo Monorail - (70% ownership stake)[12]
  • East Japan Marketing & Communications


JR East co-sponsors the JEF United Chiba J-League football club[], which was formed by a merger between the JR East and Furukawa Electric company teams.

Environmental issues

JR East aims to reduce its carbon emissions by half, as measured over the period 1990-2030. This would be achieved by increasing the efficiency of trains and company-owned thermal power stations and by developing hybrid trains.[13]

Union issues

The Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department has stated that JR East's official union is a front for a revolutionary political organization called the Japan Revolutionary Communist League (Revolutionary Marxist Faction). An investigation of this is ongoing.[14]

East Japan Railway Culture Foundation

The East Japan Railway Culture Foundation is a non-profit organization established by JR East for the purpose of developing a "richer railway culture".[15] The Railway Museum in Saitama is operated by the foundation.

Bids outside Japan

JR East holds a 15% shareholding in West Midlands Trains with Abellio and Mitsui that commenced operating the West Midlands franchise in England in December 2017.[16][17] The same consortium has also been listed to bid for the South Eastern franchise.[18][19]


  1. ^ a b c d East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2013 Annual Business Report (Japanese)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f East Japan Railway Company. "JR East Corporate Data". Retrieved 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d e East Japan Railway Company. "Financial Highlights - East Japan Railway Company and Subsidiaries" (PDF). Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c East Japan Railway Company. "Organization". Retrieved 2009.
  5. ^ East Japan Railway Company. (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o East Japan Railway Company. ?2008 (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009.
  7. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "Consolidated Results of Fiscal 2011 (Year Ended 31 March 2011)" (PDF). Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ East Japan Railway Company. "JR-EAST - East Japan Railway Company". Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ Michael Lambe. "The Sunrise Seto & Sunrise Izumo - Overnight Sleeper Trains from Osaka to Tokyo". Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "? 2020 100:Jr".
  12. ^ HighBeam[dead link]
  13. ^ 'JR East Efforts to Prevent Global Warming' in Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 51 (pp. 22-27), Retrieved 2010-12-15
  14. ^ Government of Japan. ?174 430 ?JR?JR?
  15. ^ East Japan Railway Culture Foundation. "FOR A RICHER RAILWAY CULTURE". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  16. ^ More seats for rail passengers as nearly £1 billion is invested in Midlands services Department for Transport 10 August 2017
  17. ^ West Midlands Trains announced as winning bidder for West Midlands franchise Abellio 10 August 2017
  18. ^ West Coast Partnership and South Eastern rail franchise bidders Department for Transport 22 June 2017
  19. ^ South Eastern franchise bidders announced Railway Gazette International 22 June 2017

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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