God of Sky and Heaven
|Member of the Pancha Bhoota|
|Affiliation||Deva, Pancha Bhoota|
|Abode||Dyuloka, Sky (?ka, ?)|
|Offspring||Surya, Ushas, and the other gods|
Dyau? stems from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dyw?, from the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) daylight-sky god *Dy?us, and is cognate with the Greek Zeus Pat?r, Illyrian Dei-pátrous, or Latin Jupiter (from an earlier *Djous pat?r), stemming from the PIE Dy?us ph?t?r ("Daylight-sky Father").
The noun dyaús (when used without the pit 'father') refers to the daylight sky, and occurs frequently in the ?g·veda, as an entity. The sky in Vedic writing was described as rising in three tiers, avamá, madhyamá, and uttamá or t?tya.
In the ?g·veda, Dyáu? Pit appears in verses 1.89.4, 1.90.7, 1.164.33, 1.191.6, 4.1.10. and 4.17.4 He is also referred to under different theonyms: Dyavaprithvi, for example, is a dvandva compound combining 'heaven' and 'earth' as Dyau? and Prithvi.
Dyau?'s most defining trait is his paternal role. His daughter, U?as, personifies dawn. The gods, especially S?rya, are stated to be the children of Dyau? and Prithvi. Dyau?'s other sons include Agni, Parjanya, the ?dityas, the Maruts, and the Angirases. The Ashvins are called "divó náp?t", meaning offspring/progeny/grandsons of Dyau?. Dyau? is often visualized as a roaring animal, often a bull, who fertilizes the earth. Dyau? is also known for the rape of his own daughter, which is vaguely but vividly mentioned in the ?g·veda.
Indra's separation of Dyau? and Prithvi is celebrated in the Rigveda as an important creation myth.