Doma%C5%BElice
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Doma%C5%BElice
Doma?lice
Míru Square, historical centre
Míru Square, historical centre
Flag of Doma?lice
Flag
Coat of arms of Doma?lice
Coat of arms
Doma?lice is located in Czech Republic
Doma?lice
Doma?lice
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°26?26?N 12°55?38?E / 49.44056°N 12.92722°E / 49.44056; 12.92722Coordinates: 49°26?26?N 12°55?38?E / 49.44056°N 12.92722°E / 49.44056; 12.92722
Country Czech Republic
RegionPlze?
DistrictDoma?lice
First mentioned993
Government
 o MayorZden?k Novák
Area
 o Total24.62 km2 (9.51 sq mi)
Elevation
428 m (1,404 ft)
Population
(2021-01-01)[1]
 o Total11,056
 o Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
344 01
Websitewww.domazlice.eu

Doma?lice (['doma?l?ts?] ; German: Taus) is a town in the Plze? Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 11,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation.

Administrative parts

Town hall

The town is made up of six town parts: Bezd?kovské P?edm?stí, Dolej?í P?edm?stí, Havlovice, Ho?ej?í P?edm?stí, M?sto and Týnské P?edm?stí.

History

The first written mention of Doma?lice settlement is in a deed of Boleslaus II from 993. Purpose of its existence was related to the Bohemian-Bavarian border and important trade route to Regensburg.[2]

Near that settlement, a fortified royal town of Doma?lice was founded by Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1265.[3] The town included a royal castle. The border with Bavaria was protected by border guards recruited from Chodové (Slavic free farmers) who settled in the vicinity of Doma?lice.[2]

The town was mortgaged to Bavaria in 1331, lasting until 1419 (with some interruptions). Under Hussite rule, German citizens were expelled from the town, and since then, the population has been predominantly Czech. In 1431, Prokop the Great defeated the crusaders of the Holy Roman Empire in the Battle of Doma?lice. The 15th and 16th century saw Doma?lice change hands frequently, but its importance diminished following the end of the Thirty Years' War. It was not until 1770 that it recovered, largely due to innovations in the textile industry.

Until 1918 the town was part of the Austrian monarchy, finding itself on the Austrian side of the Austro-Hungarian internal frontier following the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867. It was the district capital of the district with the same name, being one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften (district capitals) in Bohemia.[4]

Within the context of the Czech National Revival, Doma?lice became a central place during the 19th century. At the time, it was the most western ethnic Czech town, very close to the border with the Kingdom of Bavaria. In the town, a pilgrimage took place on August 13, 1939, which developed into a large Czech protest demonstration against the German occupation and control of the ethnic Czech Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The German population was expelled in 1945 according to the Potsdam Agreement.

In 2005 a mass grave was discovered on the outskirts of the town, holding 54 Germans, mainly members of the local SA, executed by the Czech resistance after the end of the war, around May 8, 1945.

Demography

Sights

Dolní Gate on the Míru Square
Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary

The historical town core is well preserved and includes many monuments and valuable buildings:

  • Houses from the 14th-16th centuries;
  • Fragments of Gothic fortification;
  • Dolní ("Lower") Gate from 1360s;
  • Doma?lice Castle (also known as Chodský Castle), nowadays serves as the Chodsko Museum;
  • Neo-Renaissance building of the town hall from 1893;
  • Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, built in the 2nd half of the 13th century, with a 56 m (184 ft) high tower;
  • Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, built in the 2nd half of the 13th century and rebuilt in 1774-1787;
  • Church of Saint Lawrence.

Sport

A local football club, TJ Jiskra Doma?lice, plays in the Bohemian Football League (3rd tier of the Czech football league system).

Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

Doma?lice is twinned with:[6]

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities - 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "Doma?lice, tisíciletá historie místa" (in Czech). M?stské kulturní st?edisko Doma?lice. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Doma?lice" (in Czech). Sdru?ení historických sídel ?ech, Moravy a Slezska. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  5. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí ?eské republiky 1869-2011 - Okres Doma?lice" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 3-4.
  6. ^ "Partnerská m?sta" (in Czech). M?sto Doma?lice. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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