Diurnal Cycle
Get Diurnal Cycle essential facts below. View Videos or join the Diurnal Cycle discussion. Add Diurnal Cycle to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Diurnal Cycle
Earth's rotation relative to the Sun causes the 24-hour day/night cycle.

A diurnal cycle (or diel cycle) is any pattern that recurs every 24 hours as a result of one full rotation of the planet Earth around its axis.[1] Earth's rotation causes surface temperature fluctuations throughout the day and night, as well as weather changes throughout the year. The diurnal cycle depends mainly on incoming solar radiation.[2]

Climate and atmosphere

Diurnal variation of air temperature (blue) lag by 3 to 4 hours behind insolation at solar noon (red).

In climatology, the diurnal cycle is one of the most basic forms of climate patterns, including variations in diurnal temperature and rainfall.[1] Diurnal cycles may be approximately sinusoidal, or include components of a truncated sinusoid (due to the Sun's rising and setting) and thermal relaxation (Newton cooling) at night.[1] The diurnal cycle also has a great impact on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, due to processes such as photosynthesis and cellular respiration.[3]

Biological effects

Diurnal cycles of light and temperature can result in similar cycles in biological processes, such as photosynthesis in plants[3] and clinical depression in humans.[4] Plant responses to environmental cycles may even induce indirect cycles in rhizosphere microbial activities, including nitrogen fixation.[5]

Semi-diurnal cycle

A semi-diurnal cycle refers to a pattern that occurs about every twelve hours or about twice a day. Often these can be related to lunar tides, in which case the interval is closer to 12 hours and 25 minutes.

See also


  1. ^ a b c Betts, A (2015). "Diurnal Cycle". Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences (2nd ed.). pp. 319-23. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-382225-3.00135-3.
  2. ^ Hartmann, Dennis L. (1994). "The Energy Balance of the Surface". International Geophysics. 56: 81-114. doi:10.1016/S0074-6142(08)60561-6. ISSN 0074-6142.
  3. ^ a b Matthews, Jack S.A.; Vialet-Chabrand, Silvere R.M.; Lawson, Tracy (2017). "Diurnal Variation in Gas Exchange: The Balance between Carbon Fixation and Water Loss". Plant Physiology. 174 (2): 614-623. doi:10.1104/pp.17.00152. ISSN 0032-0889. PMC 5462061. PMID 28416704.
  4. ^ Wirz-Justice, Anna (2008). "Diurnal variation of depressive symptoms". Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. 10 (3): 337-343. doi:10.31887/DCNS.2008.10.3/awjustice. ISSN 1294-8322. PMC 3181887. PMID 18979947.
  5. ^ G.K., Sims; Dunigan, E.P. (1984). "Diurnal and seasonal variations in nitrogenase activity (C2H2 reduction) of rice roots". Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 16 (1): 15-18. doi:10.1016/0038-0717(84)90118-4. ISSN 0038-0717.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes