Dicastery For the Doctrine of the Faith
Get Dicastery For the Doctrine of the Faith essential facts below. View Videos or join the Dicastery For the Doctrine of the Faith discussion. Add Dicastery For the Doctrine of the Faith to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Dicastery For the Doctrine of the Faith

Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith
Coat of arms Holy See.svg
Coat of arms of the Holy See
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.jpg
Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio, seat of the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith
Dicastery overview
FormedJuly 21, 1542; 480 years ago (1542-07-21)
Preceding agencies
  • Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition
  • Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office
  • Congretation for the Doctrine of the Faith
TypeDicastery
HeadquartersPalazzo del Sant'Uffizio,
Rome, Italy
Dicastery executives

The Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith (DDF) is the oldest among the departments of the Roman Curia. Its seat is the Palace of the Holy Office in Rome. It was founded to defend the Catholic Church from heresy; today, it is the body responsible for promulgating and defending Catholic doctrine.[1] It was formerly called the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition;[a] between 1908 and 1965 the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office; and then until June 2022 the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF; Latin: Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei).[b] It is still informally known as the Holy Office[2] (Latin: Sanctum Officium).

Founded by Pope Paul III in 1542, the congregation's sole objective is to "spread sound Catholic doctrine and defend those points of Christian tradition which seem in danger because of new and unacceptable doctrines."[1] Its headquarters are at the Palace of the Holy Office, just outside Vatican City. The congregation employs an advisory board including cardinals, bishops, priests, lay theologians, and canon lawyers. The current Prefect is Cardinal Luis Ladaria Ferrer, who was appointed by Pope Francis for a five-year term beginning July 2017.[3][4]

History

Astronomer Galileo Galilei presented before the Holy Office, a 19th-century painting by Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury

On 21 July 1542, Pope Paul III proclaimed the Apostolic Constitution Licet ab initio, establishing the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, staffed by cardinals and other officials whose task it was "to maintain and defend the integrity of the faith and to examine and proscribe errors and false doctrines." It served as the final court of appeal in trials of heresy and served as an important part of the Counter-Reformation.

This body was renamed the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office in 1908 by Pope Pius X. In many Catholic countries, the body is often informally called the Holy Office (e.g., Italian: Sant'Uffizio and Spanish: Santo Oficio).

The congregation's name was changed to Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (SCDF) on 7 December 1965, at the end of the Second Vatican Council. Soon after the 1983 Code of Canon Law came into effect, the adjective "sacred" was dropped from the names of all Curial Congregations,[c] and so it became the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Timeline

1542 Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition is established
1622 Pope Gregory XV writes a letter addressing the issue of priests abusing the confessional to solicit "shameful and dishonorable conduct". The letter is referenced in Sacramentum Poenitentiae (1741).
1665 The General Congregation of the Universal Inquisition, in the presence of Pope Alexander VII, reiterates that propositions by confessors to solicit or provoke sex from penitents are "alien and discordant by the Evangelical truth and clearly so by the sixth and seventh doctrines of the Holy Fathers" and are to be "checked, condemned, and prohibited. [...] The Inquisitors of Heretical Depravity [...] [should] seek out and proceed against everyone - every priest [...] who has essayed to tempt a penitent."[5]
1908 The Inquisition is renamed Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office by Pope Pius X.
1965 The Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office is renamed Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (SCDF).
1985 All dicasteries of the Roman Curia no longer use the adjective "sacred" as part of their title. The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith becomes the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF).
1988 Pope John Paul II reaffirms the authority of the CDF on 28 June: "The proper duty of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is to promote and safeguard the doctrine on faith and morals in the whole Catholic world; so it has competence in things that touch this matter in any way."[6]
2001 John Paul II issues Sacramentorum Sanctitatis Tutela "by which are promulgated Norms concerning the more grave delicts reserved to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith." It, again, reaffirms the CDF's responsibilities, expressing that it was necessary to define more precisely both "the more grave delicts whether against morals or committed in the celebration of the sacraments" for which the competence of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith remains exclusive, and also the special procedural norms "for declaring or imposing canonical sanctions."[7]
2014 On 11 November Pope Francis sets up within the CDF a special body to expedite consideration of appeals by priests against laicization or other penalties imposed on them in cases of sexual abuse.[8]
2015 Francis establishes an ecclesiastical judicial commission, which will have its own staff and secretary, to try bishops, which will work with other units of the CDF and with the congregation that has oversight over the bishop.[9]
2018 Francis appoints three women as consultors to the Congregation, the first in its history.[10]
2019 The Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei is merged into the Congregation.[11]
2022 On 14 February 2022, Francis reorganises the CDF through the motu proprio Fidem servare, dividing it into two departments: a doctrinal section and a disciplinary section, each with its own secretary reporting to the prefect. The formerly independent marriage section is merged into the doctrinal section.[12]
2022 On 5 June 2022, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is renamed the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith as part of the restructuring of the Roman Curia by the apostolic constitution Praedicate evangelium.[13] At the same time the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors became part of this Dicastery, operating with its own staff and according to its own norms.[14]

Role

According to the 1988 Apostolic Constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor bonus, article 48, promulgated by John Paul II: "The proper duty of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is to promote and safeguard the doctrine on faith and morals in the whole Catholic world; so it has competence in things that touch this matter in any way."[6]

This includes investigations into grave delicts, i.e., acts which the Catholic Church considers as being the most serious crimes: crimes against the Eucharist and against the sanctity of the Sacrament of Penance, and crimes against the sixth Commandment ("Thou shall not commit adultery.") committed by a cleric against a person under the age of eighteen. These crimes, in Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela a motu proprio of 2001, come under the competency of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In effect, it is the "promoter of justice" which deals with, among other things, the question of priests accused of paedophilia.[7][15][d]

Within the DDF are the International Theological Commission and the Pontifical Biblical Commission. The Prefect of the DDF is ex officio president of these commissions.[19]

On 7 December 2021, Pope Francis promulgated a new version of the "Norms on the Delicts Reserved to the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith"; the original version had been first promulgated in 2001 by John Paul II and amended in 2010 by Benedict XVI. The changes of the new version concern "harmonising the norms with the revised Book VI of the Code of Canon Law, which was promulgated in May 2021" and adding "numerous normative measures of various kinds issued in previous years, especially since 2016."[20]

Organization

Until 1968, the pope held the title of prefect and appointed a cardinal to preside over the meetings, first as Secretary, then as Pro-Prefect.

Since 1968, the Cardinal head of the dicastery has borne the title of Prefect and the title of Secretary refers to the second highest-ranking officer of the Congregation. As of 2012 the Congregation had a membership of 18 cardinals and a smaller number of non-cardinal bishops, a staff of 38 (clerical and lay) and 26 consultors.[21]

The work of the CDF is divided into two sections, the doctrinal and the disciplinary. The CDF holds biennial plenary assemblies, and issues documents on doctrinal, disciplinary, and sacramental questions that occasionally include notifications concerning writings by Catholic theologians.[22]

Recent canonical judgments and publications

The following is a list of recent documents and judgments issued by the CDF. Lengthy CDF documents usually have Latin titles. A short document that briefly states objections to one or more writings by a Catholic theologian is typically called a "notification".

2021-present

"Responsum of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to a dubium regarding the blessing of the unions of persons of the same sex", wherein the Church reaffirmed the view that "Church does not have, and cannot have, the power to bless unions of persons of the same sex" (15 March 2021).[23][24][25]

2011-2020

  • Redemptorist Fr. Tony Flannery is required to sign four fidelity oaths or not return to ministry[26] (1 October 2020).
  • "Doctrinal Assessment of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious" (re-affirmed by Pope Francis on 15 April 2013)[27][28]

2001-2010

  • "Note on the banalization of sexuality, Regarding certain interpretations of Light of the World" (22 December 2010)
  • "Circular Letter to the Presidents of the Episcopal Conferences regarding the association Opus Angelorum" (2 October 2010)
  • Dignitas Personae (on bioethical questions, with summary and press conference transcript; 8 September 2008)
  • On 5 April 2008, as a result of "grave reservations" by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith about the Mormon practice of posthumous rebaptism, Catholic dioceses throughout the world were directed not to give information in parish registers to the Mormons' Genealogical Society of Utah for microfilming or digitizing.[29]
  • "Doctrinal Note on Some Aspects of Evangelization" (with press conference transcript; 3 December 2007)
  • On 28 September 2007, Gaston Hebert, the then apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Little Rock, stated that (per the 11 July Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith) six Arkansas nuns were excommunicated for heresy (the first in the diocese's 165-year history). They refused to recant the doctrines of the Community of the Lady of All Nations (Army of Mary). The nuns are members of the Good Shepherd Monastery of Our Lady of Charity and Refuge in Hot Springs. Sister Mary Theresa Dionne, 82, one of the six, said they will still live at the convent property, which they own. The sect believes that its 86-year-old founder, Marie Paule Giguere, is the reincarnation of the Virgin Mary.[30]
  • "Responses to Certain Questions of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Concerning Artificial Nutrition and Hydration" (with commentary; 1 August 2007)
  • "Responses to Some Questions Regarding Certain Aspects of the Doctrine on the Church" (29 June 2007)
  • In an April 2007 address to chaplains, Archbishop Amato denounced same-sex marriage and abortion and criticized the Italian media's coverage of them, saying that they are evils "that remain almost invisible" due to media presentation of them as "expression of human progress".[31]
  • "Notification on the works of the Reverend Father Jon Sobrino, SJ" (with an explanatory note; 26 November 2006)
  • "Notification regarding the book Jesus Symbol of God of the Reverend Father Roger Haight, SJ"
  • "Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the collaboration of men and women in the Church and in the world" (31 May 2004)
  • "Doctrinal Note on some questions regarding the participation of Catholics in political life" (with two commentaries from Cardinals Joachim Meisner and Giacomo Biffi; 24 November 2002)[32]
  • "Considerations Regarding Proposals to Give Legal Recognition to Unions Between Homosexual Persons" (3 June 2003)[33]
  • "Note on the Force of the Doctrinal Decrees Concerning the Thought and Work of the Reverend Father Antonio Rosmini Serbati" (1 July 2001)
  • "Notification regarding certain writings of the Reverend Father Marciano Vidal, CSSR" (with comments; 22 February 2001)
  • "Notification on the book Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism by the Reverend Father Jacques Dupuis, SJ" (with commentary; 24 January 2001)

1991-2000

  • "Notification concerning some writings of Professor Dr. Reinhard Messner" [de] (30 November 2000)
  • Ardens felicitatis (instructions on prayers for healing; 14 September 2000)
  • Dominus Iesus (Declaration on the unicity and salvific universality of Jesus Christ and the Church; with comments from Congregation officials; 6 August 2000)[34]
  • "Note on the expression 'sister churches'" (30 June 2000)
  • "Documents regarding 'The Message of Fatima'" (26 June 2000)
  • "Notification regarding Sister Jeannine Gramick, SSND, and the Reverend Father Robert Nugent, SDS"
  • "Considerations on The Primacy of the Successor of Peter in the mystery of the Church" (31 October 1998)
  • "Formula to be used for the profession of faith and for the oath of fidelity to assume an office to be exercised in the name of the Church" (with an "Illustrative doctrinal note" by Cardinal Ratzinger and Archbishop Bertone) (29 June 1998)
  • "Notification concerning the writings of the Reverend Father Anthony De Mello, SJ" (24 June 1998)
  • "Notification concerning the text Mary and Human Liberation by the Reverend Father Tissa Balasuriya, OMI" (2 January 1997)
  • "Notification on the writings and activities of Mrs. Vassula Ryden" (6 October 1995)
  • "Responses to questions proposed concerning uterine isolation and related matters" (31 July 1993)
  • "Some considerations concerning the response to legislative proposals on the non-discrimination of homosexual persons" (23 July 1992)[35]
  • "Decree on the doctrine and customs of the Association Opus Angelorum" (6 June 1992)
  • Communionis notio (Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on some aspects of the Church understood as Communion; 28 May 1992)
  • "Instruction on some aspects of the use of the instruments of social communication in promoting the doctrine of the faith" (30 March 1992)
  • "Note on the book The Sexual Creators, An Ethical proposal for Concerned Christians (University Press of America, Lanham, New York, London 1986), by the Reverend Father André Guindon, OMI" (31 January 1992)

1981-1990

  • Donum veritatis (Instruction on the ecclesial vocation of the theologian; 24 May 1990)
  • Orationis formas (Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on some aspects of Christian meditation; 15 October 1989)
  • "Note regarding the moral rule of Humanae vitae (Pope Paul VI's encyclical, On the Regulation and Control of Human Birth) and the pastoral duty" (16 February 1989)
  • "Observation of the Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC) II's Salvation and the Church" (18 November 1988)
  • "Formula to be used for the profession of faith and for the oath of fidelity to assume an office to be exercised in the name of the Church" (1 July 1988)
  • Donum vitae (Instruction on respect for life in its origin and on the dignity of procreation; 22 February 1987)
  • Homosexualitatis problema (Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons; 1 October 1986)
  • "Notification on the book Pleidooi voor mensen in de Kerk (Nelissen, Baarn 1985) by the Reverend Father Professor Edward Schillebeeckx, OP" (15 September 1986)
  • "Letter to György Bulányi on certain writings attributed to him" (1 September 1986)
  • "Letter regarding the suspension of the Reverend Father Professor Charles Curran from the teaching of theology" (25 July 1986)
  • Libertatis conscientia (Instruction on human freedom and liberation; 22 March 1986)
  • "Notification on the book Church: Charism and Power: Essay on Militant Ecclesiology by Leonardo Boff, OFM" (11 March 1985)

1975-1980

  • Recentiores episcoporum synodi (on some questions of eschatology) (17 May 1979)
  • Inter insigniores (Declaration as to the question of admitting women to priesthood; 15 October 1975)

Leadership

Prefect of Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg
Prefecto Mons. Ladaria.jpg
Incumbent
Luis Ladaria Ferrer, SJ

since 2 July 2017
Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith
StyleHis Eminence
Member ofRoman Curia
Reports toThe Pope
AppointerThe Pope
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentLicet ab initio
Pastor bonus
Praedicate evangelium
Formation21 July 1542
First holderAntonio Michele Ghislieri

Secretaries until 1965

When the Supreme Sacred Congregation for the Roman and Universal Inquisition was first established in 1542, it was composed of several Cardinal Inquisitors styled as "Inquisitors-General", who were formally equal to each other, even if some of them were clearly dominant (e.g. Cardinal Gian Pietro Carafa from 1542, who was elected Pope Paul IV in 1555). Until 1968 the Pope himself presided over the Congregation. However, from 1564 the daily administration of the affairs of the Congregation was entrusted to the Cardinal Secretary.[36][37] This model was retained when the Inquisition was formally renamed as the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office in 1908.[38]

Unless stated otherwise, the term of office ended with the officeholder's death.

Name From Until Appointer
1 Antonio Michele Ghislieri
(elected as Pope Pius V)[37]
1564 1566 Pius IV
2 Giacomo Savelli[37] 31 July 1577 5 December 1587 Gregory XIII
3 Giulio Antonio Santori[37] 5 December 1587 9 May 1602 Sixtus V
4 Camillo Borghese
(elected as Pope Paul V)[37]
9 June 1603 16 May 1605 Clement VIII
5 Pompeio Arrigoni[37] 16 May 1605 4 April 1616 Paul V
6 Giovanni Garzia Millini 4 April 1616 2 October 1629[37]
7 Antonio Marcello Barberini 2 October 1629 1 December 1633 Urban VIII
8 Francesco Barberini 1 December 1633 10 December 1679
9 Cesare Facchinetti 10 December 1679 31 January 1683 Innocent XI
10 Alderano Cybo 31 January 1683 22 July 1700
11 Galeazzo Marescotti 22 July 1700 1 January 1716 Innocent XII
12 Fabrizio Spada 1 January 1716 15 June 1717 Clement XI
13 Nicolò Acciaioli 15 June 1717 23 February 1719
14 Francesco del Giudice 25 February 1719 10 October 1725
15 Fabrizio Paolucci 10 October 1725 12 June 1726 Benedict XIII
16 Pietro Ottoboni 14 June 1726 29 February 1740
17 Tommaso Ruffo 29 August 1740 16 February 1753 Benedict XIV
18 Neri Maria Corsini 26 February 1753 6 December 1770
19 Giovanni Francesco Stoppani 12 December 1770 18 November 1774 Clement XIV
20 Luigi Maria Torregiani 22 February 1775 6 January 1777 Pius VI
21 Carlo Rezzonico 17 January 1777 26 January 1799
22 Leonardo Antonelli 8 November 1800 23 January 1811 Pius VII
23 Giulio Maria della Somaglia 20 May 1814 2 April 1830
24 Bartolomeo Pacca 5 April 1830 19 April 1844 Pius VIII
25 Vincenzo Macchi 25 April 1844 30 September 1860 Gregory XVI
26 Costantino Patrizi Naro 10 October 1860 17 December 1876 Pius IX
27 Prospero Caterini 21 December 1876 28 October 1881
28 Antonio Maria Panebianco 30 March 1882 25 January 1883 Leo XIII
29 Luigi Maria Bilio, CRSP 25 January 1883 30 January 1884
30 Raffaele Monaco La Valletta 15 February 1884 14 July 1896
31 Lucido Maria Parocchi 5 August 1896 15 January 1903
32 Serafino Vannutelli 16 January 1903 30 December 1908[e]
33 Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro 30 December 1908 16 December 1913 Pius X
34 Domenico Ferrata 3 January 1914 10 October 1914
35 Rafael Merry del Val 14 October 1914 26 February 1930 Benedict XV
36 Donato Sbarretti 4 July 1930 1 April 1939 Pius XI
37 Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani 30 April 1939 13 January 1951
38 Giuseppe Pizzardo 16 February 1951 12 October 1959 Pius XII
39 Alfredo Ottaviani 7 November 1959 7 December 1965 John XXIII

Prefects since 1965

When Pope Paul VI changed the name of the dicastery on 7 December 1965, he changed the title of the cardinal in charge of the daily administration of the Congregation from Secretary to Pro-Prefect. He continued to reserve the title of Prefect to himself[39] until 1968 when he relinquished his role as head of the Congregation and named a Prefect.[40]

No. Name From Until Appointer
1 Alfredo Cardinal Ottaviani - edited.jpg Alfredo Ottaviani
Pro-Prefect[f]
(1890-1979)
7 December 1965 6 January 1968 Paul VI
2 Franjo ?eper.jpg Franjo ?eper
(1905-1981)
8 January 1968[g] 25 November 1981
3 Joseph Ratzinger.jpg Joseph Ratzinger
(b. 1927)
25 November 1981 2 April 2005[h] John Paul II
4 MF 2015 40 (16628518480) (cropped).jpg William Levada
(1936-2019)
13 May 2005 2 July 2012 Benedict XVI
5 Bischof-GL-Müller.JPG Gerhard Ludwig Müller
(b. 1947)
2 July 2012 2 July 2017[3][4]
6 Prefecto Mons. Ladaria.jpg Luis Ladaria Ferrer, SJ
(b. 1944)
2 July 2017[3][4] Incumbent Francis

Secretaries since 1965

With the December 1965 reorganization of the Holy Office as the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the head of the Congregation was no longer titled Secretary. The dicastery's second-in-command, until then titled assessor, was then given the title of Secretary, as was already the case with the other Roman Congregations. All but the most recent have been made archbishops upon their appointment. The following have held the title of Secretary:

Present composition

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The names "Roman Inquisition" or "Holy Inquisition" arose from this name, terms later popularly used in reference to the 16th-century tribunals against Heresy.
  2. ^ Pope Francis reorganized the Curia with his apostolic constitution on the Roman Curia, titled Praedicate evangelium ("Preach the gospel"), which took effect on 5 June 2022.
  3. ^ It remained in use throughout 1984, as can be seen in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis of that year, but no longer appeared in the 1985 issues of that official bulletin of the Holy See.
  4. ^ The revision of Norms concerning the more grave delicts reserved to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith currently in force is the revision approved by Benedict XVI in 2010.[16][17][18]
  5. ^ Resigned.
  6. ^ Cardinal Alfredo Ottaviani, previously Secretary, continued to head the Congregation when it was renamed on 7 December 1965, and his title of Pro-Prefect was confirmed on 8 February 1966. Upon his retirement he was termed Prefect emeritus of the Congregation, and not Pro-Prefect emeritus.
  7. ^ Since the appointment of ?eper in 1968, the head of the dicastery has the title of Prefect. The Pope no longer holds the office of Prefect of the CDF himself.[40]
  8. ^ Death of Pope John Paul II

References

  1. ^ a b "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith - Profile". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Definition of HOLY OFFICE". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "Pope names Jesuit prelate to succeed Müller at doctrine office". Crux. Catholic News Service. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Pongratz-Lippitt, Christa (8 July 2017). "Müller hits out at Francis, says the way pope dismissed him was unacceptable". La Croix International. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Benedict XIV (1 June 1741). "Sacramentum poenitentiae" (PDF). richardsipe.com (in Latin and English). Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2012. Includes English translation by unknown.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  6. ^ a b John Paul II (28 June 1988). "Pastor bonus". vatican.va. Articles 48-55. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ a b John Paul II (30 April 2001). "Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela". vatican.va. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ Wooden, Cindy (11 November 2014). "Pope sets up new body to speed handling of sex abuse appeals". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017.
  9. ^ Povoledo, Elisabetta; Goodstein, Laurie (10 June 2015). "Pope creates tribunal for bishop negligence in child sexual abuse cases". The New York Times. New York. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ O'Connell, Gerard (21 April 2018). "Pope Francis appoints three women as consultants to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith". America. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "Lettera Apostolica in forma di Motu proprio circa la Pontificia Commissione "Ecclesia Dei"". press.vatican.va. Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ Allen, Elise Ann (14 February 2022). "Pope restructures Vatican doctrinal office". Crux. Retrieved 2022.
  13. ^ Pope Francis. "Praedicate Evangelium, sulla Curia Romana e il suo servizio alla Chiesa nel Mondo (19 marzo 2022)". Dicastero per la Comunicazione - Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Article 69. Retrieved 2022.
  14. ^ Pope Francis. "Praedicate Evangelium, sulla Curia Romana e il suo servizio alla Chiesa nel Mondo (19 marzo 2022)". Dicastero per la Comunicazione - Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Article 78. Retrieved 2022.
  15. ^ Scicluna, Charles (13 March 2010). "Promoter of justice at Doctrine of Faith on paedophilia" (Interview). Interviewed by Gianni Cardinale of Avvenire. Vatican City: Vatican Information Service. VIS 20100313 (2070). Translated from "Il «pm» vaticano: «Chiesa rigorosa sulla pedofilia»". Avvenire (in Italian) (Milan, IT: Avvenire Nuova Editoriale Italiana S.p.a.). 13 March 2010.{{cite interview}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  16. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. "The norms of the motu proprio 'Sacramentorum sanctitatis tutela' (2001): historical introduction". vatican.va. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (21 May 2010). "A brief introduction to the modifications made in the Normae de gravioribus delictis, reserved to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith". vatican.va. Archived from the original on 29 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (21 May 2010). "[Norms concerning the more grave delicts reserved to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith]". vatican.va (2010 rev. ed.). Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ Pope Francis. "Praedicate Evangelium, sulla Curia Romana e il suo servizio alla Chiesa nel Mondo (19 marzo 2022)". Dicastero per la Comunicazione - Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Article 77. Retrieved 2022.
  20. ^ "Pope Francis updates norms on more serious ecclesiastical crimes". Vatican News. 7 December 2021. Archived from the original on 7 December 2021.
  21. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2012 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0), pp. 1159-1160
  22. ^ "The Holy See - The Roman Curia - Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2021.
  23. ^ "Responsum of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to a dubium regarding the blessing of the unions of persons of the same sex". press.vatican.va. Retrieved 2021.
  24. ^ "Holy See: The Church cannot bless same-sex unions". Vatican News. 15 March 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  25. ^ "Pope Francis' LGBT+ views, as Vatican opposes same-sex blessings". Reuters. 16 March 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  26. ^ "Fidelity oaths spark fear of return to theological silencing". National Catholic Reporter. 1 October 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ Pullella, Philip (15 April 2013). "Pope Francis reiterates 'radical feminist' criticism of US nuns' group". worldnews.nbcnews.com. New York: NBC News Digital. Reuters. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013.
  28. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (18 April 2012). "Doctrinal assessment of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious". usccb.org. Washington, DC: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015.
  29. ^ "Vatican letter directs bishops to keep parish records from Mormons". 2 May 2008. Archived from the original on 13 May 2008.
  30. ^ Hargett, Malea (6 October 2007). "Six Arkansas nuns excommunicated for supporting heresy: women operate Hot Springs day care". arkansas-catholic.org. Little Rock, Arkansas: Arkansas Catholic. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015.
  31. ^ Pullella, Philip (23 April 2007). "Gay marriage evil, abortion terrorism: Vatican". Reuters. Archived from the original on 26 April 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  32. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (24 November 2002). "Doctrinal note on some questions regarding the Participation of Catholics in Political Life". vatican.va. Archived from the original on 7 April 2003.
  33. ^ "Considerations regarding proposals to give legal recognition to unions between homosexual persons". Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The Vatican. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016. Retrieved 2013.
  34. ^ Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. "Dominus Iesus". vatican.va. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013.
  35. ^ "Some considerations concerning the response to legislative proposals on the non-discrimination of homosexual persons". Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The Vatican. Archived from the original on 2 August 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  36. ^ Mayer, Thomas F. (2013). The Roman Inquisition: a papal bureaucracy and its laws in the age of Galileo. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8122-4473-1.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Black, Christopher (2009). The Italian Inquisition. New Haven [u.a.]: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11706-6.
  38. ^ "Sapienti Consilio, Index (die 29 Iunii anno 1908) | Pius X". www.vatican.va. Retrieved 2021.
  39. ^ Doty, Robert C. (9 January 1968). "Ottaviani Quits Post in Vatican; Croat, a Progressive, Is Named" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ a b Cross, F.L.; Livingstone, E.A., eds. (1997). "Holy Office". The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Third ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 786. ISBN 9780192802903. Retrieved 2017. Revised 2005
  41. ^ "Italian with Gregorian connection named doctrinal congregation's deputy". National Catholic Reporter. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 2021.
  42. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 10.01.2022" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 10 January 2022. Retrieved 2022.
  43. ^ a b "Pope Francis names secretaries of doctrinal and disciplinary sections of CDF". Catholic News Agency. 23 April 2022. Retrieved 2022.
  44. ^ "Pope taps sex abuse reformer for key Vatican role". Archived from the original on 13 November 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  45. ^ Brockhaus, Hannah (14 September 2017). "Pope appoints new under-secretaries to CDF and Congregation for Clergy". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Don Matteo Visioli" (in Italian). Pontifical Gregorian University. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ "Rinunce e nomine, 06.07.2022" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 6 July 2022. Retrieved 2022.
  48. ^ "Pope appoints U.S Jesuit to post of Promoter of Justice". Vatican Radio. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 41°54?04?N 12°27?22?E / 41.90111°N 12.45611°E / 41.90111; 12.45611


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Dicastery_for_the_Doctrine_of_the_Faith
 



 



 
Music Scenes