Demographics of Panama
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Demographics of Panama
Panama population pyramid in 2020

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

Panama's population, (1961-2003).

Panama's population was 4,176,869 people in 2018, compared to 860,000 in 1950.[1][2] The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 29%. 64.5% of the population were aged between 15 and 65, with 6.6% of the population being 65 years or older.[3]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0-14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15-64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 860 40.2 55.7 4.1
1955 983 41.8 54.1 4.1
1960 1 136 42.9 52.8 4.3
1965 1 319 43.8 51.8 4.4
1970 1 526 43.9 51.8 4.3
1975 1 754 42.8 52.8 4.4
1980 1 990 40.4 55.0 4.6
1985 2 233 37.6 57.6 4.7
1990 2 487 35.2 59.9 5.0
1995 2 757 33.3 61.5 5.2
2000 3 055 31.8 62.6 5.5
2005 3 366 30.4 63.7 5.9
2010 3 678 29.0 64.5 6.6
2015 4 080 28.1 64.6 7.3

Structure of the population [4]

Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates - Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census):

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 1 934 264 1 916 471 3 850 735 100
0-4 187 797 179 822 367 619 9.55
5-9 184 487 176 909 361 396 9.39
10-14 180 579 173 379 353 958 9,19
15-19 170 895 164 639 335 534 8,71
20-24 160 414 155 878 316 292 8.21
25-29 154 493 150 986 305 479 7.93
30-34 147 618 144 488 292 106 7.59
35-39 140 942 138 936 279 878 7.27
40-44 130 725 130 042 260 767 6.77
45-49 113 877 114 213 228 090 5.92
50-54 96 564 98 076 194 640 5.05
55-59 76 084 78 641 154 725 4.02
60-64 58 974 62 105 121 079 3.14
65-69 45 360 48 700 94 060 2.44
70-74 33 839 37 313 71 152 1.85
75-79 23 622 27 020 50 642 1.32
80-84 14 944 17 956 32 900 0.85
85-89 8 174 10 458 18 632 0.48
90-94 3 573 4 938 8 511 0,22
95-99 1 119 1 678 2 797 0.07
100+ 184 294 478 0.01
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 552 863 530 110 1 082 973 28.12
15-64 1 250 586 1 238 004 2 488 590 64.63
65+ 130 815 148 357 279 172 7.25

Population distribution

More than half the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan corridor.

Province Capital city Population(2010 Est.)[5]
Bocas del Toro Bocas del Toro 118,405
Coclé Penonomé 237,840
Colón Colón 250,802
Chiriquí David 426,790
Darién La Palma 46,011
Herrera Chitré 112,538
Los Santos Las Tablas 90,984
Panamá Ciudad de Panamá 1,796,674
Veraguas Santiago 226,847
Comarca Capital city Population
Emberá-Wounaan Unión Choco 9,497
Kuna de Madugandí N/D N/D
Kuna Yala El Porvenir 37,545
Kuna de Wargandí N/D N/D
Ngäbe-Buglé Buabidi 150,550

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups in Panama (2010 est.)[6]

  Mestizos (mixed Amerindian and European/White) (65%)
  Native Panamanians (Ngabe 7.6%, Kuna 2.4%, Embera 0.9%, Bugle 0.8%, other 0.4%, unspecified 0.2%) (12.3%)
  Mulattos (6.8%)

The culture, customs, and language of Panama are predominantly Caribbean Spanish. In 2010 the population was 65% mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian), 12.3% Native Panamanians, 9.2% black, 6.8% mulattoes, and 6.7% white.[6]

European Panamanians

European Panamanians or Caucasian ethnic groups in Panama include Spanish, British and Irish, Dutch, French, Germans, Italians, Portuguese, Poles, Russians or Ukrainians (a large number are Jews), Greeks, and Americans.

Indigenous Panamanians

Population of Panama according to ethnic group[7]
Ethnic
group
Census 1990 Census 2000 Census 2010
Number % Number % Number %
Non-indigenous 2,135,060 91.7 2,553,946 90.0 2,988,254 87.7
Amerindian 194,269 8.3 285,231 10.0 417,559 12.3
Total 2,329,329 2,839,177 3,405,813
Indigenous population of Panama according to ethnic group[7]
Ethnic
group
Census 1990 Census 2000 Census 2010
Number % Number % Number %
Ngäbe (Guaymi) 123,626 63.6 169,130 59.3 260,058 62.3
Buglé (Bokota) 3,784 1.9 18,724 6.6 26,871 6.4
Guna 47,298 24.3 61,707 21.6 80,526 19.3
Emberá 14,659 7.5 22,485 7.9 31,284 7.5
Wounaan 2,605 1.3 6,882 2.4 7,279 1.7
Teribe/Naso 2,194 1.1 3,305 1.2 4,046 1.0
Bribri 2,521 0.9 1,068 0.3
Other 103 0.1 460 0.1
Not declared 477 0.2 5,967 1.4

Asian Panamanians

Panama has a considerable population of Asians origin; in particular Chinese, West Asians (Lebanese, and Palestinians and Syrians) and South Asians (from India and Pakistan). The first Chinese immigrated to Panama from southern China in the 19th century to help build the Panama Railroad. There followed several waves of immigrants, especially after the 1970s, when the ensuing decades saw up to 80,000 immigrants from all over China. At least 50,000 Panamanians are ethnically Chinese, though some estimates count as many as 135,000. Most of the Chinese population reside in the province of Chiriquí. Some studies suggest that almost 1 million Panamanians have at least one Chinese ancestor. [8][9]

African Panamanians

Afro-Panamanians first arrived during the colonial era. They are intermixed in the general population or live in small Afro-Panamanian communities along the Atlantic Coast and in villages within the Darién jungle. Most of the people in Darien are fishermen or small-scale farmers growing crops such as bananas, rice and coffee as well as raising livestock. Other Afro-Panamanians descend from later migrants from the Caribbean who came to work on railroad-construction projects, commercial agricultural enterprises, and (especially) the canal. Important Afro-Caribbean community areas include towns and cities such as Colón, Cristobal and Balboa, in the former Canal Zone, as well as the Río Abajo area of Panama City. Another region with a large Afro-Caribbean population is the province of Bocas del Toro on the Caribbean coast just south of Costa Rica.[10]

Most of the Panamanian population of West Indian descent owe their presence in the country to the monumental efforts to build the Panama Canal in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Three-quarters of the 50,000 workers who built the canal were Afro-Caribbean migrants from the British West Indies. Thousands of Afro-Caribbean workers were recruited from Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad.[10]

Languages

Many languages, including seven indigenous languages, are spoken in Panama, although Spanish is the official and dominant language. The local variant is Panamanian Spanish. English is sometimes spoken by many professionals and those working in the business or governmental sectors of society.

Indigenous languages include Guaymí, Kuna, Northern Embera and Teribe. Bocas del Toro Creole is also spoken.

Religion

Religion in Panama (2013) [11]

  Protestants (15%)

The majority of Panamanians are Christian; most are Roman Catholics as a result centuries of Spanish colonial influence. Other faiths exist in Panama by the country's tolerance and freedom of religion, there are large Protestant, Jewish, Bahá'í, Muslim and Hindu religious groups in Panama.

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Panama not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.[3]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 38 000 11 000 27 000 41.4 12.0 29.5 5.76 92 56.8 55.9 57.8
1955-1960 44 000 11 000 33 000 41.7 10.6 31.1 5.87 80 59.5 58.6 60.5
1960-1965 50 000 11 000 39 000 40.9 9.2 31.6 5.79 68 62.1 61.1 63.3
1965-1970 55 000 12 000 44 000 38.8 8.1 30.7 5.41 58 64.3 63.2 65.6
1970-1975 59 000 11 000 48 000 36.1 7.0 29.2 4.88 48 66.7 65.1 68.5
1975-1980 61 000 11 000 50 000 32.5 5.9 26.6 4.19 39 69.2 67.2 71.5
1980-1985 62 000 11 000 51 000 29.5 5.4 24.1 3.63 34 71.0 68.6 73.7
1985-1990 64 000 12 000 53 000 27.3 5.1 22.3 3.24 29 72.4 69.6 75.4
1990-1995 67 000 13 000 54 000 25.5 4.9 20.6 2.96 26 73.6 70.8 76.5
1995-2000 71 000 14 000 57 000 24.6 4.8 19.8 2.87 24 74.6 72.2 77.2
2000-2005 74 000 15 000 59 000 23.1 4.8 18.3 2.76 20 75.6 73.0 78.3
2005-2010 75 000 17 000 58 000 21.3 4.9 16.4 2.62 17 76.4 73.6 79.5
2010-2015 19.8 5.0 14.8 2.48
2015-2020 18.4 5.1 13.3 2.36
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths

[4] [12]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
1952 905,050 29,013 6,791 22,222 36.0 8.4 27.6
1953 929,425 31,428 7,638 23,790 37.9 9.2 28.7
1954 954,952 33,521 7,511 26,010 39.3 8.8 30.5
1955 981,686 34,592 8,059 26,533 39.4 9.2 30.2
1956 1,009,696 35,582 8,352 27,230 39.3 9.2 30.1
1957 1,039,038 37,743 8,656 29,087 40.5 9.3 31.2
1958 1,069,783 37,733 8,364 29,369 39.3 8.7 30.6
1959 1,101,997 40,296 8,959 31,337 40.8 9.1 31.7
1960 1,135,703 42,359 8,827 33,532 39.9 8.3 31.6 5.254
1961 1,170,572 44,207 8,851 35,356 40.4 8.1 32.3
1962 1,206,608 46,274 8,239 38,035 41.1 7.3 33.8
1963 1,243,015 46,656 9,239 37,417 40.2 8.0 32.2
1964 1,280,333 47,419 8,743 38,676 39.6 7.3 32.3
1965 1,318,567 48,377 9,035 39,342 39.2 7.3 31.9 5.191
1966 1,357,739 49,394 9,184 40,210 38.9 7.2 31.7
1967 1,397,854 50,795 8,938 41,857 38.8 6.8 32.0
1968 1,438,933 52,489 9,568 42,921 38.9 7.1 31.8
1969 1,480,988 52,799 9,791 43,008 38.0 7.0 31.0
1970 1,524,445 53,287 10,225 43,062 37.1 7.1 30.0 5.041
1971 1,568,674 54,948 9,857 45,091 37.2 6.7 30.5
1972 1,613,452 54,910 9,076 45,834 36.0 6.0 30.0
1973 1,658,734 52,091 9,161 42,930 33.2 5.8 27.4
1974 1,704,363 52,772 9,001 43,771 32. 6 5.6 27.0
1975 1,750,317 53,790 8,683 45,107 32.3 5.2 27.1 4.254
1976 1,796,453 53,002 8,564 44,438 30.8 5.0 25.8
1977 1,842,719 52,722 8,036 44,686 29.8 4.5 25.3
1978 1,889,061 53,040 7,555 45,485 29.1 4.1 25.0
1979 1,935,383 52,919 8,192 44,727 28.2 4.4 23.8
1980 1,981,562 52,626 7,959 44,667 26.9 4.1 22.8 3.443
1981 2,029,834 53,873 7,976 45,897 26.9 4.0 22.9
1982 2,078,394 54,491 8,142 46,349 26.7 4.0 22.7
1983 2,127,000 55,222 8,499 46,723 26.4 4.1 22.3
1984 2,175,942 56,659 8,250 48,409 26.5 3.9 22.6
1985 2,225,132 58,038 8,991 49,047 26.6 4.1 22.5 3.199
1986 2,274,440 57,655 8,942 48,713 25.9 4.0 21.9
1987 2,323,965 57,647 9,105 48,542 25.3 4.0 21.3
1988 2,373,821 58,459 9,382 49,077 25.2 4.0 21.2
1989 2,423,924 59,069 9,557 49,512 25.1 4.1 21.0
1990 2,474,119 59,904 9,799 50,105 25.0 4.1 20.9 2.884
1991 2,527,391 60,080 9,683 50,397 24.6 4.0 20.6
1992 2,581,476 59,905 10,143 49,762 24.1 4.1 20.0
1993 2,636,079 59,191 10,669 48,522 23.3 4.2 19.1
1994 2,691,244 59,947 10,983 48,964 23.2 4.3 18.9
1995 2,746,944 61,939 11,032 50,907 23.5 4.2 19.3 2.718
1996 2,803,853 63,401 11,161 52,240 23.7 4.2 19.5
1997 2,861,700 68,009 12,179 55,830 25.0 4.5 20.5
1998 2,920,591 62,351 11,824 50,527 22.6 4.3 18.3
1999 2,980,088 64,248 11,938 52,310 22.9 4.2 18.7
2000 3,040,701 64,839 11,841 52,998 22.7 4.1 18.6 2.672
2001 3,102,268 63,900 12,442 51,458 21.3 4.1 17.2 2.509
2002 3,164,354 61,671 12,428 49,243 20.2 4.1 16.1 2.393
2003 3,226,535 61,753 13,248 48,505 19.8 4.3 15.5 2.368
2004 3,288,733 62,743 13,475 49,268 19.8 4.2 15.6 2.379
2005 3,351,007 63,645 14,180 49,465 19.7 4.4 15.3 2.388
2006 3,413,399 65,764 14,358 51,406 20.0 4.4 15.6 2.441
2007 3,475,741 67,634 14,775 52,589 19.4 4.3 15.1 2.477
2008 3,537,986 68,759 15,115 53,644 19.4 4.3 15.1 2.506
2009 3,600,000 68,364 15,498 52,866 19.0 4.3 14.7 2.466
2010 3,661,835 67,955 16,542 51,413 18.6 4.5 14.1 2.430
2011 3,723,821 73,292 16,367 56,925 19.7 4.4 15.3 2.466
2012 3,787,511 75,486 17,350 58,136 19.9 4.6 15.3 2.511
2013 3,850,735 73,804 17,767 56,037 19.2 4.6 14.6 2.428
2014 3,913,275 75,183 18,171 57,012 19.2 4.6 14.6 2.447
2015 3,975,404 75,901 18,182 57,919 19.1 4.6 14.5 2.445
2016 4,037,043 75,184 18,882 56,302 18.6 4.7 13.9 2.424
2017 4,098,135 76,166 19,482 56,684 18.6 4.8 13.8 2.403
2018 4,158,783 76,863 19,720 57,143 18.5 4.7 13.8 2.400
2019 4,218,808 72,256 20,049 52,207 17.2 4.8 12.4 2.240
2020(p) 4,278,500 67,770 23,112 44,658 15.8 5.4 10.4

Census

Panama's census has been postponed by one year due to the COVID-19 pandemic but the government are currently assessing additional implications. They are evaluating the preparatory processes that can begin now, such as procurement.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects - Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" - World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision Archived May 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  5. ^ http://www.contraloria.gob.pa/dec/Publicaciones/13-03/Boletin9.pdf
  6. ^ a b "CIA - The World Factbook -- Panama". CIA. Retrieved .
  7. ^ a b [1] Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censo (INEC)
  8. ^ Jackson, Eric (May 2004). "Panama's Chinese community celebrates a birthday, meets new challenges". The Panama News. 10 (9). Archived from the original on September 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  9. ^ "President Chen's State Visit to Panama". Government Information Office, Republic of China. October 2003. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  10. ^ a b "Panama : Afro-Panamanians". Minority Rights Group International. Archived from the original on December 3, 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: PANAMA". CIA The World Factbook.
  12. ^ "EEstadísticas Vitales - Volumen II - Nacimientos Vivos y Defunciones Fetales". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo - INEC. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ Technical Brief on the Implications of COVID-19 on Census (PDF). UNFPA. 2020.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/.


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