Congress
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Congress
Meeting in the Hall of Knights in The Hague during the Congress of Europe, 1948

Congresses are formal meetings of the representatives of different countries, constituent states, organizations, trade unions, political parties or other groups.[1] The term originated in Late Middle English to denote an encounter (meeting of adversaries) during battle, from the Latin congressus.[2]

Political congresses

International relations

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

Legislatures

Presidential and semi-presidential systems

In the mid-1770s, to emphasize each one's status as a self-governing entity, the term was chosen by the British colonies that became the United States of America. The term has since been adopted by many nations to refer to their legislatures.

Non-presidential systems

Parties

Many political parties have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies, while others call it a party convention. Congress is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Political organizations

Labour congresses

Religious Congresses

Catholic Congresses Eucharistic Congresses 1947 Marian Congress

Non-political congresses

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference. For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress (formed in 1995) were the American Bowling Congress (founded in 1895) and the Women's International Bowling Congress (founded in 1927).

Chess congress

A chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week.

ICCA Congress & Exhibition

References

  1. ^ "congress". Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online. London, England, UK: Longman. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "congress". Oxford English Dictionary Online. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ " ? ? ". TNR NEWS. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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