|Close-mid central rounded vowel|
The close-mid central rounded vowel, or high-mid central rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩, a lowercase barred letter o.
The character ? has been used in several Latin-derived alphabets such as the one for Yañalif but then denotes a sound that is different from that of the IPA. The character is homographic with Cyrillic ?. The Unicode code point is Ɵ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER O WITH MIDDLE TILDE (HTML
This sound rarely contrasts with the near-close front rounded vowel and so is sometimes transcribed with the symbol ⟨?⟩.
The close-mid central protruded vowel is typically transcribed in IPA simply as ⟨?⟩, and that is the convention used in this article. As there is no dedicated diacritic for protrusion in the IPA, symbol for the close central rounded vowel with an old diacritic for labialization, ⟨ ?⟩, can be used as an ad hoc symbol ⟨⟩ for the close central protruded vowel. Another possible transcription is ⟨⟩ or ⟨⟩ (a close central vowel modified by endolabialization), but this could be misread as a diphthong.
Because central rounded vowels are assumed to have protrusion, and few descriptions cover the distinction, some of the following may actually have compression.
|Asturian||Some Western dialects||fuöra||['fw]||'outside'||Realization of ⟨o⟩ in the diphthong ⟨uo⟩. May also be realized as or .|
|Azeri||Tabriz||göz||[dz]||'eye'||Typically transcribed as /oe/.|
|Chinese||Cantonese||?/ceot7||[tst?]||'to go out'||See Cantonese phonology|
|Dutch||Standard||hut||[t]||'hut'||See Dutch phonology|
|English||Cardiff||foot||[f?t]||'foot'||More often unrounded ; corresponds to in other dialects. See English phonology|
|General South African||Younger, especially female speakers. Other speakers have a less front vowel . May be transcribed in IPA with ⟨⟩ or ⟨⟩. See South African English phonology|
|Received Pronunciation||[ft]||Younger speakers. Others pronounce [?]. See English phonology|
|Hull||goat||[:t]||'goat'||Corresponds to /o?/ in other dialects.|
|New Zealand||bird||[b?:d]||'bird'||Corresponds to /?/ in other dialects. See New Zealand English phonology|
|French||je||||'I'||May be transcribed in IPA with ⟨?⟩ or ⟨?⟩. Also described as mid . May be more front for a number of speakers. See French phonology|
|German||Swabian||wird||[?d?]||'becomes'||Allophone of /i/ before /?/.|
|Upper Saxon||Wunder||['vn(d?)o?]||'wonder'||The example word is from the Chemnitz dialect.|
|Irish||Munster||dúnadh||['du:n]||'closing'||Allophone of /?/ adjacent to broad consonants, when the vowel in the preceding syllable is either /u:/ or /?/. See Irish phonology|
|Limburgish||Most dialects||bluts||[bl?ts]||'bump'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨?⟩. The example word is from the Weert dialect.|
|Maastrichtian||beuk||[b?:k]||'books'||Sometimes realized as a narrow diphthong ; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ø:⟩. Front in other dialects.|
|Norwegian||Stavangersk||gull||[l]||'gold'||Near-close in other dialects that have this vowel. Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨?⟩. See Norwegian phonology|
|Urban East||søt||[s?:t]||'sweet'||Also described as front ; typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ø:⟩. See Norwegian phonology|
|Ripuarian||Kerkrade dialect||sjuts||[ts]||'marksman'||See Kerkrade dialect phonology|
|Russian||??/tyotya||'aunt'||Allophone of /o/ following a palatalized consonant. See Russian phonology|
|Tajik||???/k?h||[k:h]||'mountain'||Merges with /u/ in central and southern dialects.|
|West Frisian||Standard||put||[p?t]||'well'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨ø⟩. See West Frisian phonology|
|Southwestern dialects||fuotten||['f?tn?]||'feet'||Corresponds to [wo] in other dialects. See West Frisian phonology|
|Xumi||Lower||?atsö||[RPts?]||'to filter tea'||Typically transcribed in IPA with ⟨?⟩.|
|Upper||htö||[ht?]||'way to do things'||Allophone of /o/ after alveolar consonants; may be realized as or instead.|
|Close-mid central compressed vowel|
As there is no official diacritic for compression in the IPA, the centering diacritic is used with the front rounded vowel [ø], which is normally compressed. Other possible transcriptions are ⟨?⟩ (simultaneous [?] and labial compression) and ⟨⟩ ([?] modified with labial compression).
|Swedish||Central Standard||full||[fø?l:]||'full'||More often described as mid . See Swedish phonology|