Church of St Endelienta, St Endellion
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Church of St Endelienta, St Endellion

St Endellion Church-by-Ben-Nicholson.jpg
St Endellion is located in Cornwall
St Endellion
St Endellion
Location within Cornwall
Population987 (Civil Parish, 2011)
OS grid referenceSW997786
Civil parish
  • St Endellion[1]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPORT ISAAC
Postcode districtPL29
Dialling code01208
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament

St Endellion (Cornish: Sen Endelyn) is a civil parish and hamlet in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The hamlet and parish church are situated four miles (6.5 km) north of Wadebridge.[2]

The parish takes its name from Saint Endelienta, who is said to have evangelised the district in the fifth century and to have been one of the children of King Brychan. Two wells near the church are named after her. The name is included in the electoral ward of St Minver and St Endellion,[3][4] which includes Polzeath and Rock, with a population at the 2011 census of 3268.[5]

Geography and topography

Bournonite (Endellionite) on dolomite

St Endellion is the Type Locality for the minerals Bournonite (also known as Endellione or Endellionite) and Barstowite.

St Endellion lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

Tresungers Farm

The houses at Roscarrock and Tresungers are listed buildings: at Roscarrock part of the medieval house remains (it is Listed Grade I); Tresungers farmhouse was built in the late 16th century.[6] The Roscarrock family included Nicholas Roscarrock.

Parish church

St Endellion church

The Church of England parish church of St Endelienta stands beside the road to Wadebridge and is a large building of the 15th century in Perpendicular style. It contains some fine examples of carving in stone and wood.

The earliest record of the church is in 1260, and in 1288 it is recorded as a collegiate church with four prebends. One of the prebends to which was attached the cure of souls came to be entitled to the rectory. It somehow escaped abolition in 1545 (when only the rector was resident) and continues to the present day: one of the prebendaries is the Rector, and the others usually incumbents of nearby parishes. The prebend of Marnay's or St Elen's is usually held by the incumbent of Lanhydrock. A new ecclesiastical parish of Port Isaac was created out of the parish in 1913 and one of the prebends became the endowment of that benefice, whose incumbent was a vicar.[7] The church was designated as Grade I listed in 1969.[8]

There was previously a chapel located at Roscarrock, but this was in ruins by 1814.[9]

While the actual date of foundation of the church is unknown legend tells that St Endelienta, when she was dying, asked her friends to have her body placed on a sledge pulled by bullocks (or calves) and to be buried where they stopped, that being the very spot where the church now stands.[10]

Annual events

Music festivals are held at Easter and at the end of July: they have been held in the summer since 1959 and at Easter since 1974.[11][12] Some of the musicians involved formed the Endellion Quartet.

Notable people

  • Florence Cameron: on 25 August 2010 it was announced that the British Prime Minister, David Cameron and his wife Samantha had named their newborn daughter "Florence Rose Endellion" after the village,[13] reflecting the fact she was born while the Cameron family were holidaying in Cornwall.[14][15]
  • Dr Rowan Williams, the former archbishop of Canterbury, was installed as a prebendary at St Endellion Church by the Bishop of Truro, the Right Reverend Tim Thornton, in 2014.[16]
  • Luigi Pietro Fortunato Josa, one time archdeacon of Georgetown (British Guiana), served as rector here in 1917-22. Luigi came from an elite Vatican family[17] and served for many years in British Guiana as 'Missionary to the Coolies[18]', he spoke South Asian and Chinese languages and published one of the first manuals[19] on Hindi language study.[20]

Brands

St. Endellion is a brie style cheese, made at the hamlet of Trevarrian near Newquay, cream enriched and hand-made using only Cornish milk and cream. The cheese is made by Cornish Country Larder, a firm founded by John Gaylard in the mid-1990s and still a family-run concern. The cheese has won many notable awards.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "St Endellion Parish Council Website". St Endellion Parish Council. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  3. ^ "Cornwall North: Ward-by-ward". Electoral Calculus Ltd. 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Cornwall council divisions for election 4 May 2017". Cornwall council. 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., edited by Enid Radcliffe. Penguin Books
  7. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford, pp. 89-91
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Endelienta (1320630)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons, 'Parishes: Egloshayle - St Ewe', in Magna Britannia: Volume 3, Cornwall (London, 1814), pp. 81-98. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/magna-britannia/vol3/pp81-98 [accessed 23 January 2021].
  10. ^ Betjeman, John (1984). Betjeman's Cornwall. London: John Murray. p. 50. ISBN 0-7195-4106-9.
  11. ^ "Endellion Music festivals website". St Endellion Festival. Retrieved 2007.[dead link]
  12. ^ Potter, Jean M. (ed.) (1979) St Endellion: the story of a festival. [St Endellion: Festival, 1979]
  13. ^ Full name: Florence Rose Endellion Cameron; born at Truro
  14. ^ "Cameron 'proud dad' after wife Samantha has baby girl". BBC News. BBC. 24 August 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  15. ^ "Camerons reveal daughter's name". BBC News. BBC. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  16. ^ "Former Archbishop of Canterbury installed as Endellion church prebend". BBC News. BBC. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Josa, Fortuna Pietro Luigi (1920). The tale of a roaming catholic: Some notes of a varied sacerdotal life. Faith P.
  18. ^ "Register | British Newspaper Archive". www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk. Retrieved 2020.
  19. ^ Josa, F. P. Luigi (1907). Introductory manual of the Hindi language with extracts from the Premsâgar : together with technical vocabularies for theologians and missionaries, lawyers, judges, magistrates and police officers, the medical profession and dispensers, and interpreters. University of California Libraries. London : K. Paul, Trench, Trübner.
  20. ^ "Our Students". St Augustine's Foundation. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ Cornish Country Larder Ltd website Archived 2010-10-23 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading

  • Maclean, John (1872-79) The Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor. 3 vols. London: Nichols & Son

External links

Media related to St Endellion at Wikimedia Commons


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