Chrystia Freeland
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Chrystia Freeland


Chrystia Freeland

Chrystia Freeland MSC 2018 (cropped).jpg
Freeland in 2018
10th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

November 20, 2019
Justin Trudeau
Anne McLellan[a]
Minister of Finance

August 18, 2020
Justin Trudeau
Bill Morneau
Member of Parliament
for University--Rosedale

October 19, 2015
Riding established
Additional offices held
Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs

November 20, 2019 - August 18, 2020
Justin Trudeau
Dominic LeBlanc
Dominic LeBlanc
Minister of Foreign Affairs

January 10, 2017 - November 20, 2019
Justin Trudeau
Stéphane Dion
François-Philippe Champagne
Minister of International Trade

November 4, 2015 - January 10, 2017
Justin Trudeau
Ed Fast
François-Philippe Champagne
Member of Parliament
for Toronto Centre

November 24, 2013 - October 19, 2015
Bob Rae
Bill Morneau
Personal details
Born
Christina Alexandra Freeland

(1968-08-02) August 2, 1968 (age 52)[1]
Peace River, Alberta, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Graham Bowley
Children3
RelativesGed Baldwin (great-uncle)[2]
ResidenceSummerhill,[3] Toronto, Ontario, Canada
EducationHarvard University (BA)
St Antony's College, Oxford (MSt)
AwardsRhodes Scholarship (1993)

Christina Alexandra Freeland[4] (born August 2, 1968) is a Canadian politician serving since 2019 as the tenth deputy prime minister of Canada and since 2020 as the minister of finance. A member of the Liberal Party, Freeland represents the Toronto riding of University--Rosedale in the House of Commons. She was first appointed to Cabinet following the 2015 election and is the first woman to hold the finance portfolio.

Born in Peace River, Alberta, Freeland studied Russian history and literature at Harvard University, and earned a master's degree in Slavonic studies from Oxford University. She began her career in journalism working in a variety of editorial positions at the Financial Times, The Globe and Mail and Reuters, becoming managing director of the latter. Freeland is the author of Sale of the Century, a 2000 book about Russia's journey from Communist state rule to capitalism,[5] and Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else in 2012.[6][7] Plutocrats was the winner of the 2013 Lionel Gelber Prize for non-fiction reporting on foreign affairs.[8] It also won the 2013 National Business Book Award for the most outstanding Canadian business-related book.

Freeland was elected to represent Toronto Centre in the House of Commons following a 2013 by-election and would sit as a regular member of Parliament (MP) until 2015, when her government won its first mandate and she was appointment to Cabinet. Freeland has held a number of portfolios over her tenure in government, beginning as minister of international trade following the 2015 election, where she played an instrumental role in successfully negotiating the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union,[9] earning her a promotion to minister of foreign affairs in 2017. She assumed her current role as deputy prime minister following the 2019 election where she also became minister of intergovernmental affairs until 2020, when she was made finance minister. Political commentators have given Freeland the informal title of "Minister of Everything",[10][11][12][13][14] and she has emerged as the most influential Cabinet minister of Trudeau's premiership.[15]

Early life and education (1968-1993)

Freeland was born in Peace River, Alberta.[16][17] Her father, Donald Freeland, was a farmer and lawyer and a member of the Liberal Party,[18] and her mother, Halyna Chomiak (1946-2007), was also a lawyer and ran for the New Democratic Party (NDP) in Edmonton Strathcona in the 1988 federal election.[19][20]

Freeland attended Old Scona Academic High School in Edmonton, Alberta[21] for two years before attending the United World College of the Adriatic in Italy, on a merit scholarship from the Alberta government for a project that sought to promote international peace and understanding.[22] She received her bachelor of arts degree in Russian history and literature from Harvard University and a master of studies degree in Slavonic studies from Oxford's St Antony's College as a Rhodes Scholar in 1993.[5][23]

Journalism career (1993-2013)

Freeland started her journalism career as a stringer for the Financial Times, The Washington Post and The Economist while working in Ukraine.[24] Freeland later worked for the Financial Times in London as a deputy editor, and then as an editor for its weekend edition, FT.com, and UK news.[24] Freeland also served as Moscow bureau chief and Eastern Europe correspondent for the Financial Times.[24]

From 1999 to 2001 Freeland served as the deputy editor of The Globe and Mail.[24] Next she worked as the managing director and editor of consumer news at Thomson Reuters.[25] She was also a weekly columnist for The Globe and Mail.[26] Previously she was editor of Thomson Reuters Digital, a position she held since April 2011.[27] Prior to that she was the global editor-at-large of Reuters news since March 1, 2010,[28] having formerly been the United States managing editor at the Financial Times, based in New York City.

Published works

Freeland is the author of Sale of the Century: Russia's Wild Ride from Communism to Capitalism, a 2000 book about Russia's journey from communism to capitalism[5] and Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else in 2012.[6][7]

Sale of the Century is an account of privatization in Russia that is informed by interviews with leading Russian businessmen that Freeland conducted during four years from 1994 to 1998 that she lived in Russia as Moscow bureau chief for the Financial Times.[29] The book chronicles the challenges that the "young reformers" championing capitalism such as Anatoly Chubais and Yegor Gaidar had in wresting control of Russian industry out of the hands of the communist "red barons". The compromises they made, such as the loans for shares scheme, allowed businessmen such as Mikhail Friedman, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and Vladimir Potanin to seize control of the economy and install themselves as Russian oligarchs.

Plutocrats was a New York Times bestseller, and the winner of the 2013 Lionel Gelber Prize for non-fiction reporting on foreign affairs.[8] It also won the 2013 National Business Book Award for the most outstanding Canadian business-related book.

Political career (2013-present)

Enrique Peña Nieto, Donald Trump, and Justin Trudeau sign the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement during the G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on November 30, 2018.
Freeland speaks at a 2018 press conference as Mike Pompeo and Jim Mattis look on.
Freeland speaks at a 2018 press conference as Mike Pompeo and Jim Mattis look on.

On July 26, 2013, Freeland left journalism to enter Canadian politics as a candidate for the nomination of the Liberal Party in the riding of Toronto Centre. On September 15, 2013 she won the nomination,[30] with an opportunity to replace outgoing MP Bob Rae in the November 25, 2013 by-election.[31] During the campaign she received criticism for purchasing a $1.3 million home, although the price was consistent with Toronto's home prices.[32][33] Freeland won 49% of the vote and was elected.[34]

On January 27, 2014, during the demonstrations leading up to the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Freeland wrote an op-ed for The Globe and Mail, in which she excoriated the government of Viktor Yanukovich.[35] She is a proponent of personal asset seizures and travel bans as part of economic sanction programs.[36] Later, at the beginning of March, Freeland visited Ukraine on behalf of the Liberal Party, and tweeted her progress in meeting community leaders and members of the government in Kyiv. She lunched with the chief rabbi of Kyiv, met with Mustafa Dzhemilev, leader of the Crimean Tatars and an MP, and with Vitaly Klitchko, who is leader of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform party, and with Ukrainian MP Petro Poroshenko, who was subsequently elected president of Ukraine in May 2014,[37] Ukrainian presidential elections.

Freeland was one of thirteen Canadians banned from travelling to Russia under retaliatory sanctions imposed by Russian president Vladimir Putin in March 2014.[38] She replied through her official Twitter feed, "Love Russ lang/culture, loved my yrs in Moscow; but it's an honour to be on Putin's sanction list, esp in company of friends Cotler & Grod."[38]

In the riding redistribution of 2012 and 2013, much of Freeland's base was shifted from Toronto Centre to the new riding of University--Rosedale, while seemingly making Toronto Centre less safe for her. Then, in the 2015 federal election, Freeland opted to run in University--Rosedale, and defeated NDP challenger Jennifer Hollett.[39]

Minister of international trade (2015-2017)

On November 4, 2015, newly-elected Prime Minister Justin Trudeau chose Freeland as minister of international trade in his first Cabinet.[40]

Freeland was involved in negotiations leading up to the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), between Canada and the European Union, former-prime minister Stephen Harper's "legacy project". CETA is Canada's "biggest trade deal since NAFTA".[41][42] After it was signed October 30, 2016, Freeland made comments about "building bridges and not building walls".[43]

Minister of foreign affairs (2017-2019)

Freeland speaks during an appearance with Ukrainian prime minister Volodymyr Groysman in 2019.

In a Cabinet reshuffle on January 10, 2017, Freeland was appointed minister of foreign affairs, replacing Stéphane Dion as the head of Trudeau's foreign policy.[44] On March 6, 2017, together with National Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan, Freeland announced Canada's military training mission in Ukraine would be extended until March 2019,[45] maintaining the 200 soldiers previously mandated by the Harper government.[45]

In August 2017, Freeland has instructed her department and officials to 'energetically' review reports of Canadian-made military vehicles being used against civilians in Shia-populated city of Al-Awamiyah by Saudi Arabian security forces.[46]

Freeland condemned the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. She said the violence against the Rohingya "looks a lot like ethnic cleansing and that is not acceptable."[47]

Freeland issued a statement via Twitter on August 2, 2018 expressing Canada's concern over the recent arrest of Samar Badawi, a human rights activist and sister of imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi. She advocated their release.[48] In response to Canada's criticism, Saudi Arabia expelled Canada's ambassador, and froze trade with Canada.[49] Freeland asked for help from allies including Germany, Sweden, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.[50][51]

In September 2018, Freeland raised the issue of Xinjiang re-education camps and human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in a meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi.[52]

In January 2019, at the request of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Canada granted asylum to 18-year-old Saudi teenager Rahaf Mohammed, who was fleeing her abusive family in Kuwait; Freeland personally greeted Mohammed at Toronto Pearson International Airport.[53]

Freeland condemned Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro, who had "seized power through fraudulent and anti-democratic elections."[54]

On April 18, 2019, she was ranked 37th among the world's leading leaders in Fortune Magazines annual list.[55]

Freeland voiced support for the 2019-20 Hong Kong protests.[56] In October 2019, Freeland condemned the unilateral Turkish invasion of the Kurdish areas in Syria.[57]

Deputy prime minister (2019-present)

After the 2019 federal election, she was appointed deputy prime minister and minister of intergovernmental affairs. As deputy prime minister, Freeland has been entrusted with several key planks of Trudeau's domestic policy such as: strengthening Medicare, implementing the Pan-Canadian Framework, introducing firearms regulations, developing a pan-Canadian childcare system, facilitating interprovincial free trade, and reconciliation with Indigenous peoples.[58] As minister of intergovernmental affairs, her primary task was to address renewed tensions between the federal government and the western provinces, most notably with the rise of Alberta separatism.[59]

Furthermore, she remained in charge of Canada-US relations, including the ratification of the renegotiated free-trade agreement with the United States and Mexico (CUSMA), roles that have traditionally resided with the minister of foreign affairs.[60] The CUSMA was ratified in March 2020 as the number of COVID-19 cases began to climb rapidly.[61] In August 2020, the foreign affairs minister François-Philippe Champagne began taking a role in Canada-US relations as well, as Freeland took on the role of minister of Finance.[62]

As of November 2019, Freeland was listed as a member of the Board of Trustees of Klaus Schwab's World Economic Forum.[63]

Minister of intergovernmental affairs (2019-2020)

Freeland took over the intergovernmental affairs portfolio following the 2019 election when she was appointed deputy prime minister.[64] In her new capacity she was responsible for handling regional issues such as western alienation--particularly in Alberta and Saskatchewan where the Liberals had failed to win a single seat--as well as the resurgence of the Bloc Québécois.

In March 2020, she was chosen as the chair for the Cabinet committee on the federal response to COVID-19.[65] During the pandemic, Freeland developed a close working relationship with the premier of Ontario, Doug Ford--a Progressive Conservative--despite the Liberals having used the Ford government's track record to campaign against the federal Conservatives during previous fall's election campaign.[66]

Minister of finance (2020-present)

Following the resignation of Bill Morneau on August 17, 2020, Justin Trudeau announced a cabinet shuffle with Freeland being appointed as minister of finance and Dominic LeBlanc, president of the Privy Council, replacing her as minister of intergovernmental affairs.[67][68] It was the first appointment of a woman to the position.[69][70]

She presented her first federal budget to the House of Commons on April 19, 2021. It announced the creation of a national childcare program in Canada.[71] The federal government will cover 50 percent of the childcare program, with the provinces responsible for the other 50 percent.[72]

Family and personal life

Freeland's paternal grandfather, Wilbur Freeland, was a farmer and lawyer who rode in the annual Calgary Stampede; his sister, Beulah, was the wife of a federal member of Parliament, Ged Baldwin.[73] Her paternal grandmother, Helen Caulfield, was a WWII war bride from Glasgow.[74]

Freeland's mother, Halyna Chomiak, was born at a hospital administered by the US Army; her parents were staying at the displaced persons camp at the spa resort in Bad Wörishofen in Bavaria, Germany. Halyna's Ukrainian Catholic parents were Mykhailo Khomiak (anglicized as Michael Chomiak), born in Stroniatyn [Wikidata], Galicia, and Alexandra Loban, originally of Rudniki, near Stanislaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk).[19][75] Freeland, who grew up in Alberta, saw "first-hand" the consequences of "democratic backsliding" in Eastern Europe.[76]

Freeland's maternal grandfather, Michael Chomiak (Ukrainian: Mykhailo Khomiak), had been a journalist before World War II. During the war in Nazi-occupied Poland and later in Nazi-occupied Austria he was chief editor of the Ukrainian antisemitic daily newspaper Krakivs'ki visti (News of Krakow) for the Nazi regime.[77] After Chomiak's death in 1984, John-Paul Himka, a professor of history at the University of Alberta, who was Chomiak's son-in-law (and also Freeland's uncle by marriage), used Chomiak's records, including old issues of the newspaper, as the basis of several scholarly papers focused on the coverage of Soviet mass-murders of Ukrainian civilians. These papers also examined the use of these massacres as propaganda against Jews.[78][79][80] In 2017, when Russian-affiliated websites[which?] further publicized Chomiak's connection to Nazism, Freeland and her spokespeople responded by claiming that this was a Russian disinformation campaign during her appointment to the position of minister of foreign affairs.[81][82][83][84][77] Her office later denied Chomiak ever collaborated with the Nazi Germany.[85] However, Freeland has known of her grandfather's Nazi ties since at least 1996, when she helped edit a scholarly article by Himka for the Journal of Ukrainian Studies.[81]

Freeland is married to Graham Bowley, a British writer and The New York Times reporter.[86][87] They have three children.[88]

She has lived in Toronto since the summer of 2013 when she returned from abroad to run for election.[24][89][31] She speaks Ukrainian at home with her children.[90] She also speaks English, Russian, Italian, and French.[91] In 2014 John Geddes reported that Freeland and her sister co-owned an apartment overlooking Independence square in Kyiv.[92]

Electoral history

2019 Canadian federal election:
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Chrystia Freeland 29,652 51.7 +1.90 $83,556.09
New Democratic Melissa Jean-Baptiste Vajda 12,573 21.9 -6.60 $28,390.50
Conservative Helen-Claire Tingling 9,342 16.3 -1.03 $38,588.65
Green Tim Grant 4,861 8.5 +5.57 $33,386.65
People's Aran Lockwood 510 0.9 - none listed
Animal Protection Liz White 159 0.3 +0.08 none listed
Communist Drew Garvie 143 0.2 -0.02 none listed
Stop Climate Change Karin Brothers 124 0.2 - none listed
Marxist-Leninist Steve Rutschinski 27 0.0 -0.10 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters
Liberal hold Swing +4.25
Source: Elections Canada[93][94]
2015 Canadian federal election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Chrystia Freeland 27,849 49.80 +19.23 $185,406.36
New Democratic Jennifer Hollett 15,988 28.59 -15.24 $142,562.73
Conservative Karim Jivraj 9,790 17.51 -2.62 $83,600.78
Green Nick Wright 1,641 2.93 -1.73 $19,152.70
Libertarian Jesse Waslowski 233 0.42 $393.64
Animal Alliance Simon Luisi 126 0.22 $153.10
Communist Drew Garvie 125 0.22
Bridge David Berlin 122 0.21
Marxist-Leninist Steve Rutchinski 51 0.10
Total valid votes/Expense limit
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters
Liberal notional gain from New Democratic Swing +17.24
Source: Elections Canada[95][96]


Canadian federal by-election, November 25, 2013:
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Chrystia Freeland 17,194 49.38 +8.37 $ 97,609.64
New Democratic Linda McQuaig 12,640 36.30 +6.09 99,230.30
Conservative Geoff Pollock 3,004 8.63 -14.01 75,557.39
Green John Deverell 1,034 2.97 -2.05 21,521.10
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 453 1.30   -    
Libertarian Judi Falardeau 236 0.68 +0.18 -    
Independent Kevin Clarke 84 0.24   560.00
Independent 56 0.16   -    
Independent Leslie Bory 51 0.15   633.30
Online Michael Nicula 43 0.12   200.00
Independent Bahman Yazdanfar 26 0.07 -0.12 1,134.60
Total valid votes/Expense limit
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters
Liberal hold Swing +1.14
By-election due to the resignation of Bob Rae.
Source(s)
"November 25, 2013 By-elections Poll-by-poll results". Elections Canada. Retrieved 2020.
"November 25, 2013 By-election - Financial Reports". Retrieved 2014.


Bibliography

Books

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This position was vacant from February 6, 2006, until November 20, 2019.

References

  1. ^ Chrystia Freeland - Parliament of Canada biography
  2. ^ Baldwin, Gerald William. "Gerald William Baldwin". Parlinfo. Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ "Search For Contributions". Elections Canada. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ "Chrystia Freeland | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "Chrystia Freeland." The Financial Times biography. February 3, 2004; May 26, 2007.
  6. ^ a b Plutocrats: the rise of the new global super-rich and the fall of everyone else. New York: Penguin. 2012. ISBN 9781594204098. OCLC 780480424.
  7. ^ a b Ezra Klein (November 28, 2012). "Romney is Wall Street's worst bet since the bet on subprime". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved 2017. Interview with Chrystia Freeland.
  8. ^ a b "Plutocrats author Chrystia Freeland wins $15,000 book prize for international affairs". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. March 25, 2013. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Kassam, Ashifa (January 10, 2017). "Canada names Chrystia Freeland, leading Russia critic, as foreign minister". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 17, 2020.
  10. ^ Taylor-Vaisey, Nick (March 5, 2020). "The minister of everything, Chrystia Freeland, takes on the coronavirus". Maclean's. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020.
  11. ^ Taube, Michael (August 20, 2020). "Meet Canada's 'Minister of Everything'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 27, 2020.
  12. ^ Gardner, Lauren (August 8, 2020). "Freeland rises to Canada's first female finance minister amid Trudeau scandal". Politico. Archived from the original on August 21, 2020.
  13. ^ Neklason, Annika (March 14, 2020). "How Canada's 'Minister of Everything' Sees the World". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on September 7, 2020.
  14. ^ Paez, Beatrice (March 6, 2020). "Minister of everything, Freeland, risks burnout in adding oversight of feds' coronavirus response to growing portfolio, say politicos". The Hill Times. Archived from the original on March 7, 2020.
  15. ^ Bensadoun, Emerald (November 21, 2019). "'There is no job description:' What exactly does a deputy prime minister do?". Global News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2020.
  16. ^ "Home". Little PINK Book. Archived from the original on July 31, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ Marco Levytsky. "Shevchenko Lecture focuses on Ukrainians and the media". Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
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  19. ^ a b "Obituary: Halyna Chomiak Freeland". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  20. ^ LeBlanc, Daniel (July 27, 2013). "Journalist Chrystia Freeland to seek Liberal nod for Toronto Centre". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
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  32. ^ Glen McGregor (October 11, 2013). "Slumming in Summerhill: LPC candidate Freeland now a Toronto homeowner". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2013. The Liberal Party's star Toronto candidate, who has promised to advocate for the interests of Canada's middle class, had to get her parents to co-sign a mortgage on a $1.3-million home in an affluent Toronto neighbourhood. Chrystia Freeland on Friday closed on the purchase of a three-storey townhouse in Summerhill, in the Toronto Centre riding.
  33. ^ Siekierski, BJ (October 15, 2013). "Chrystia Freeland defends $1.3-million home purchase". Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved 2017. With the Ottawa Citizen's Glenn McGregor reporting on Friday that Chrystia Freeland and her husband recently bought a $1.3-million townhouse in Toronto's distinctly upper-class Summerhill neighbourhood, it was only a matter of time before the Toronto-Centre Liberal candidate was asked how she reconciled that with her and the party's 'struggling middle-class' mantra.
  34. ^ "Complete results from Toronto Centre and three other federal by-elections". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. February 24, 2014. Archived from the original on November 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
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  37. ^ "Government to send military observers to Ukraine". CBC news. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. March 5, 2014. Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  38. ^ a b Susana Mas (March 24, 2013). "Russian sanctions against Canadians a 'badge of honour'". CBC News. Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ Otis, Daniel (October 20, 2015). "Liberal Chrystia Freeland wins in University-Rosedale". The Star. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
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  42. ^ Bonokoski, Mark (October 27, 2016). "Chrystia Freeland deserves a daytime Emmy". Toronto Sun. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016. It was a rather uncomfortable little soap opera that was played out in Brussels, complete with very public tears of disappointment coming from Canada's International Trade Minister Chrystia Freeland
  43. ^ Isfield, Gordon (October 31, 2016). "Chrystia Freeland urges 'building bridges, not walls' to trade following Canada-EU agreement". Financial Post. Archived from the original on November 1, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  44. ^ Fife, Robert (January 9, 2017). "Trudeau prepares for the Trump era with cabinet shuffle". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  45. ^ a b Brewster, Murray (March 6, 2017). "Canada extending military mission in Ukraine to 2019". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on March 9, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Freeland says officials urgently reviewing reports Canadian arms used in Saudi crackdown". CBC News. August 8, 2017. Archived from the original on August 7, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  47. ^ "Violence against Rohingya 'looks a lot like ethnic cleansing,' Freeland says Archived August 26, 2018, at the Wayback Machine". September 14, 2017. CBC. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation).
  48. ^ Gambrell, Jon (August 5, 2018). "Saudi Arabia expels Canadian ambassador, freezes trade in human rights dispute". Toronto Star. Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 24, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
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  53. ^ Ann Hui, Saudi teen fleeing family arrives in Toronto after being granted asylum Archived January 12, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, The Globe and Mail (January 12, 2019).
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  56. ^ "Chinese embassy tells Canada to stop meddling in Hong Kong affairs". Reuters. August 19, 2019. Archived from the original on October 14, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
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  60. ^ Daniel Leblanc; Robert Fife (November 21, 2019). "Deputy PM Freeland to oversee relations with U.S. and provinces in Trudeau's new cabinet". theglobeandmail.com. The Globe and Mail Inc. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
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  66. ^ Susan, Delacourt (April 3, 2020). "'He's my therapist': How Chrystia Freeland and Doug Ford forged an unlikely friendship in the fight against COVID-19". waterloochronicle.ca. Waterloo Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 28, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  67. ^ Aiello, Rachel (August 18, 2020). "PM to name Freeland finance minister, replacing Morneau". CTV News.
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External links


29th Ministry - Cabinet of Justin Trudeau
Cabinet posts (5)
Predecessor Office Successor
Bill Morneau Minister of Finance
August 18, 2020 - present
Incumbent
Anne McLellan Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
November 20, 2019 - present
Incumbent
Dominic LeBlanc Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs
November 20, 2019 - August 18, 2020
Dominic LeBlanc
Stéphane Dion Minister of Foreign Affairs
January 10, 2017 - November 20, 2019
François-Philippe Champagne
Ed Fast Minister of International Trade
November 4, 2015 - January 10, 2017
François-Philippe Champagne

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