Che%C5%82mno Voivodeship
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Che%C5%82mno Voivodeship

Che?mno Voivodeship
Palatinatus Culmensis
Województwo che?mi?skie
Voivodeship of Poland¹
Part of Royal Prussia (until 1772)
1466-1793
Coat of arms of Che?mno
Coat of arms
RON województwo che?mi?skie map.svg
Che?mno Voivodeship of the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (in 1619)
CapitalChe?mno
Area 
4,654 km2 (1,797 sq mi)
History 
Prussian uprising
1454
9 October 1466
1569
1772
1793
Political subdivisionsTwo lands divided into 7 counties
Preceded by
Succeeded by
¹ Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland before 1569.

The Che?mno Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo che?mi?skie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland since 1454/1466 until the Partitions of Poland in 1772/1795. Together with the Pomeranian and Malbork Voivodeships and the Prince-Bishopric of Warmia it formed the historical province of Royal Prussia. Its capital was at Che?mno (German: Kulm).

History

Prussian lands in 1525
  Che?mno Voivodeship (Culmer Land)

The Land of Che?mno (later known in German as Kulmerland) had been part of the Polish Duchy of Masovia since 1138. It was occupied by pagan Old Prussian tribes in 1216, who struggled against their Christianization instigated by Bishop Christian of Oliva. After several unsuccessful attempts to reconquer Che?mno, Duke Konrad I of Masovia in 1226 called for support by the Teutonic Knights, who indeed approached and started a Prussian campaign, after the duke promised them the unshared possession of the Che?mno territory as part of the Order's State.

In the course of the Order's decline after the 1410 Battle of Grunwald, the citizens of Che?mno, Toru? (Thorn) and Lubawa (Löbau) joined the uprising of the Prussian Confederation, which sparked the Thirteen Years' War between the Knights and the Kingdom of Poland. After the Order's defeat, the Che?mno Land fell back to Poland according to the Second Peace of Thorn and together with the adjacent Michelauer land in the east formed the Che?mno Voivodeship of the Polish Crown, since the 1569 Union of Lublin part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The voivodeship was annexed by Prussia during the First Partition of Poland in 1772, except for the city of Toru?, which was not incorporated into the Province of West Prussia until the 1793 Second Partition.

Administration

Voivodeship Governor (Wojewoda) seat:

Regional council (sejmik generalny)

Regional councils (sejmik poselski i deputacki)

Administrative division:

Voivodes

  1. Augustyn z Szewy, 1454-1455
  2. Gabriel Ba?y?ski, 1455-1474
  3. Ludwik Mort?ski, 1475-1480
  4. Miko?aj D?browski, 1480-1483
  5. Karol z Napola, 1484-1495
  6. Jan D?browski, 1498-1513
  7. Jan Luzja?ski, 1514-1551
  8. Stanis?aw Kostka, 1551-1555
  9. Jan Dzia?y?ski, 1556-1583
  10. Miko?aj Dzia?y?ski, 1584-1604
  11. Maciej Konopacki, 1605-1611
  12. Ludwik Mort?ski, 1611-1615
  13. Stanis?aw Dzia?y?ski, 1615-1615
  14. Jan Jakub Wejher, 1618-1626
  15. Melchior Wejher, 1626-1643
  16. Miko?aj Wejher, 1643-1647
  17. Jan Dzia?y?ski, 1647-1648
  18. Jan Kos, 1648-1662
  19. Piotr Dzia?y?ski, 1663-1668
  20. Jan Gni?ski, 1668-1680
  21. Micha? Dzia?y?ski, 1681-1687
  22. Jan Kos (died 1702),1688-1702
  23. Tomasz Dzia?y?ski, 1702-1714
  24. Jakub Zygmunt Rybi?ski, 1714-1725
  25. Franciszek Bieli?ski, 1725-1732
  26. Jan Ansgary Czapski 1732-1738
  27. Micha? Wiktor Bieli?ski, 1738-1746
  28. Zygmunt Kretkowski, 1746-1766
  29. Franciszek Stanis?aw Hutten-Czapski, 1766-1802

References

Coordinates: 53°20?58?N 18°25?27?E / 53.349558°N 18.424220°E / 53.349558; 18.424220


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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