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In the seventeenth-century, the Roman Catholic Church succeeded in forming a schism within the Church of the East. Joseph I (1681-1696), who served as the Metropolitan of Amid (modern-day Diyarbak?r, Turkey) was won over by Rome and led the Catholic off-shoot of the Church of the East. His successor, Joseph II (1696-1713), was officially bestowed with the symbolic but unmeaning title Patriarch of Babylon. Although this patriarchate was established in the city of Diyarbak?r, it was eventually moved to the city of Mosul and finally to Baghdad where it remains to this day. The title Patriarch of Babylon or Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans remained in popular usage until the name Babylon was officially abandoned in August, 2021.
^Article entitled "Chaldeans in Metro Detroit" dated August 2011 by ABCNews, article found at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-19. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)