Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon
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Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon

Patriarchatus Chaldaeorum
Catholic
Louis Raphaël I Sako November 2015.jpg
Incumbent:
Louis Raphaël I Sako
elected 31 January 2013
Location
CountryIraq
HeadquartersBaghdad, Iraq
Information
First holderSaint Thomas the Apostle as Patriarch of the Church of the East
DenominationChaldean Catholic Church
RiteEast Syriac Rite
EstablishedApostolic Era[1]
280 as Diocese of Seleucia-Ctesifonte[2]
1553 as Eastern Catholic Patriarchate[3]
CathedralCathedral of Our Lady of Sorrows
LanguageEast-Syriac
Website
saint-adday.com

The Chaldean Patriarchate (Latin: Patriarchatus Chaldaeorum), is the official title held by the primate of the Chaldean Catholic Church. The patriarchate is based in the Cathedral of Mary Mother of Sorrows, Baghdad, Iraq. The current patriarch is Louis Raphaël I Sako. He is assisted by the archbishop of Erbil Shlemon Warduni and the Auxiliary Bishop of Baghdad Basel Yaldo.[4][5][6] Its cathedral is the Church of Mary Mother of Sorrows in Baghdad, Iraq.

Chaldean Catholics are the majority of Assyrians in Iraq, an indigenous people of North Mesopotamia.[7][8][9][10][11]

Etymology

In the seventeenth-century, the Roman Catholic Church succeeded in forming a schism within the Church of the East. Joseph I (1681-1696), who served as the Metropolitan of Amid (modern-day Diyarbak?r, Turkey) was won over by Rome and led the Catholic off-shoot of the Church of the East. His successor, Joseph II (1696-1713), was officially bestowed with the symbolic but unmeaning title Patriarch of Babylon. Although this patriarchate was established in the city of Diyarbak?r, it was eventually moved to the city of Mosul and finally to Baghdad where it remains to this day. The title Patriarch of Babylon or Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans remained in popular usage until the name Babylon was officially abandoned in August, 2021.[12][13][14][15][16]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wilmshurst 2000, p. 4.
  2. ^ Wigram 1910, p. 42-44.
  3. ^ Chaldean Patriarchal See of Babylon
  4. ^ "Bishops appointed for Chaldean Church in Sydney, Toronto, Baghdad," by Catholic News, dated January 15, 2015 https://web.archive.org/web/20150217084418/http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/1500181.htm
  5. ^ Declaration of the Chaldean Patriarchy on the Role of Chaldeans in the New Iraq, dated September 15, 2003. http://www.chaldeansonline.org/chaldeanews/bishops.html Archived 2018-09-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Sako Elected New Chaldean Patriarch," dated February 5, 2013 http://English.ankawa.com/?p=8211
  7. ^ Opening Remarks by Chaldean Church's Bishop Ibrahim at the General Chaldean National Conference in Southfield, Michigan on May 15, 2013. http://www.kaldaya.net/2013/Articles/06/03_BishopMarIbahimE.html
  8. ^ Article entitled "Chaldeans in Metro Detroit" dated August 2011 by ABCNews, article found at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-19. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Iraqi Constitution, Article 125 http://www.iraqinationality.gov.iq/attach/iraqi_constitution.pdf Archived 2016-11-28 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ See BBC NEWS (March 13, 2008). "Who are the Chaldean Christians?". BBC NEWS, dated March 13, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7271828.stm
  11. ^ Iraqi Christians' long history, BBC News, November 1, 2010 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11669994
  12. ^ Sako, Louis Raphaël I (19 August 2021). "Chaldean Catholic Synod 2021". Saint-Adday.com. Retrieved 2021.
  13. ^ Sako, Louis Raphaël I (24 August 2021). "About the Label". Saint-Adday.com. Retrieved 2021.
  14. ^ Sako, Louis Raphaël I (21 August 2021). "Questions Regarding the Naming of the Chaldean Patriarchate". Saint-Adday.com. Retrieved 2021.
  15. ^ Sako, Louis Raphaël I (25 August 2021). "Babylon the Great and the Designation of the Patriarchate". Saint-Adday.com. Retrieved 2021.
  16. ^ Sako, Louis Raphaël I (25 August 2021). "Final Communiqué of the Chaldean Synod". Saint-Adday.com. Retrieved 2021.

Sources

External links


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