Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
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Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
Chair of the NATO Military Committee
Coat of arms of the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee.svg
Coat of arms
Rob Bauer 2017 (1).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Rob Bauer

since 25 June 2021
NAC
AbbreviationCMC
Member of NATO
Reports toSecretary General of NATO
SeatNATO Military Committee
Term length3 years
Formation1949; 72 years ago (1949)
First holderGeneral Omar Bradley
DeputyDeputy Chair of the NATO Military Committee
WebsiteNATO

The Chair of the NATO Military Committee (CMC) is the head of the NATO Military Committee, which advises the North Atlantic Council (NAC) on military policy and strategy. They are the senior military spokesman of the 30-nation alliance and principal advisor to the Secretary General. The Chair is one of the foremost officials of NATO, next to the Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe. They are assisted by the Deputy Chair, who advises the Deputy Secretary General and serves as the principal agent for coordination of nuclear, biological, and chemical matters for the Military Committee.[1] Originally titled as the Chairman, the post was redesignated in 2021 to reflect the gender-neutrality of the post.[2]

The current Chair of the NATO Military Committee is Admiral Rob Bauer, former Chief of Defence of the Netherlands, who took office on 25 June 2021.[3]

Origins

In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the Working Group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the first Council session in Washington in 1949, the Defence Committee rapidly established the Military Committee.[4] During its few sessions held behind closed doors in Washington, the Military Committee gave policy guidance on military matters to the Standing Group, and advice on military questions to the Defence Committee and other bodies, and it recommended military measures for the unified defence of the North Atlantic region to the Defence Committee. The Military Committee was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee, and each member nation was represented by its chief of staff or a deputy. Iceland, which had no military forces, was represented by a civilian. Each member state in turn held the Chair of the Military Committee for one year (C1 D-1/2,[5] DC 1/2[6]).

General Knud Bartels in 2014

Two other groups which also sat in Washington came directly under the Military Committee:

  • the Standing Group, the executive body, set up at the beginning, responsible for Military Committee everyday business;
  • the Military Representatives Committee (MRC), created at the end of 1950, to ensure communication of information and points of view between the Standing Group and Alliance member states not represented on it.

Appointment

The Chair of the Military Committee is elected from among the NATO Chiefs of Defence and appointed for a three-year term of office. He must have served as Chief of defence - or an equivalent capacity - in his own country and is traditionally a non-US officer of four-star rank or national equivalent.[7]

The Chair of the Military Committee chairs all meetings and acts in an international capacity. In his absence, the Deputy Chair of the Military Committee takes the chair.

List

Since the formation of NATO, its Military Chairmen have been:[8]

NATO Military Committee in Chiefs-of-Staff Session (1949-1963)

No. Picture Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Omar Bradley
Bradley, OmarGeneral of the Army
Omar Bradley
(1893-1981)
5 October 19492 April 19511 year, 179 days United States Army United States
2
Etienne Baele
Baele, EtienneLieutenant general
Etienne Baele
(1891-1975)
2 April 195119520-1 years Belgian Land Component Belgium
3
Charles Foulkes
Foulkes, CharlesLieutenant-general
Charles Foulkes
(1903-1969)
195219530-1 years Canadian Army Canada
4
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
Qvistgaard, E.J.C.Admiral
Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard
(1898-1980)
195319540-1 years Royal Danish Navy Denmark
5
Augustin Guillaume
Guillaume, AugustinArmy general
Augustin Guillaume
(1895-1983)
195419550-1 years French Army France
6
Stylianos Pallis
Pallis, StylianosGeneral
Stylianos Pallis
195519560-1 years Hellenic Army Greece
7
Giuseppe Mancinelli
Mancinelli, GiuseppeGeneral
Giuseppe Mancinelli
(1895-1976)
19561 January 19570-1 years Italian Army Italy
8
Ben Hasselman
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898-1984)
1 January 19571 February 19581 year, 31 days Royal Netherlands Army Netherlands
9
Bjarne Øen
Øen, BjarneLieutenant general
Bjarne Øen
(1898-1994)
1 February 195819590-1 years Royal Norwegian Air Force Norway
10
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
Ferraz, J.A. BelezaGeneral
J.A. Beleza Ferraz
(1901-?)
195919600-1 years Portuguese Army Portugal
11
Rü?tü Erdelhun [tr]
Erdelhun, Rü?tüGeneral
Rü?tü Erdelhun [tr]
(1894-1983)
23 February 19603 June 1960101 days Turkish Land Forces Turkey
12
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900-1979)
3 June 1960June 19611 year Royal Navy United Kingdom
13
Lyman Lemnitzer
Lemnitzer, LymanGeneral
Lyman Lemnitzer
(1899-1988)
June 196119620-1 years United States Army United States
14
Charles Paul de Cumont
de Cumont, Charles PaulLieutenant general
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902-1990)
1962December 19630-1 years Belgian Land Component Belgium

NATO Military Committee in Permanent Session (1958-1963)

No. Picture Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Ben Hasselman
Hasselman, BenGeneral
Ben Hasselman
(1898-1984)
1 February 1958April 19613 years, 2 months Royal Netherlands Army Netherlands
2
Adolf Heusinger
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897-1982)
April 1961December 19632 years, 8 months West German Army West Germany

NATO Military Committee (1963-present)

No. Picture Chairman of the NATO Military Committee Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Nationality
1
Adolf Heusinger
Heusinger, AdolfGeneral
Adolf Heusinger
(1897-1982)
December 19631 April 19644 months West German Army West Germany
2
Charles Paul de Cumont
de Cumont, Charles PaulLieutenant general
Charles Paul de Cumont
(1902-1990)
1 April 19641 June 19684 years, 61 days Belgian Land Component Belgium
3
Sir Nigel Henderson
Henderson, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Henderson
(1909-1993)
1 June 19681 April 19712 years, 304 days Royal Navy United Kingdom
4
Johannes Steinhoff
Steinhoff, JohannesGeneral
Johannes Steinhoff
(1913-1994)
1 April 197128 June 19743 years, 88 days West German Air Force West Germany
5
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
Hill-Norton, PeterAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915-2004)
28 June 197420 March 19772 years, 265 days Royal Navy United Kingdom
6
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikGeneral
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
(1915-2002)
20 March 197719802-3 years Norwegian Army Norway
7
Robert Hilborn Falls
Falls, Robert HilbornAdmiral
Robert Hilborn Falls
(1924-2009)
1980November 19832-3 years Canadian Maritime Command Canada
8
Cor de Jager
de Jager, CornelisGeneral
Cor de Jager
(1925-2001)
November 198330 September 19862 years, 333 days Royal Netherlands Army Netherlands
9
Wolfgang Altenburg
Altenburg, WolfgangGeneral
Wolfgang Altenburg
(born 1928)
30 September 19865 September 19892 years, 340 days West German Army West Germany
10
Vigleik Eide
Eide, VigleikGeneral
Vigleik Eide
(1933-2011)
5 September 198931 December 19923 years, 117 days Norwegian Army Norway
11
Sir Richard Vincent
Vincent, RichardField Marshal
Sir Richard Vincent
(1931-2018)
1 January 199314 February 19963 years, 45 days British Army United Kingdom
12
Klaus Naumann
Naumann, KlausGeneral
Klaus Naumann
(born 1939)
14 February 19966 May 19993 years, 81 days German Army Germany
13
Guido Venturoni
Venturoni, GuidoAdmiral
Guido Venturoni
(born 1934)
6 May 199930 June 20023 years, 55 days Italian Navy Italy
14
Harald Kujat
Kujat, HaraldGeneral
Harald Kujat
(born 1942)
1 July 200217 June 20052 years, 351 days German Air Force Germany
15
Raymond Henault
Henault, RaymondGeneral
Raymond Henault
(born 1949)
17 June 200527 June 20083 years, 10 days Royal Canadian Air Force Canada
16
Giampaolo Di Paola
Di Paola, GiampaoloAdmiral
Giampaolo Di Paola
(born 1944)
27 June 200818 November 20113 years, 144 days Italian Navy Italy
-
Walter E. Gaskin
Gaskin, Walter E.Lieutenant general
Walter E. Gaskin
(born 1951)
Acting
18 November 20112 January 201245 days United States Marine Corps United States
17
Knud Bartels
Bartels, KnudGeneral
Knud Bartels
(born 1952)
2 January 201226 June 20153 years, 175 days Royal Danish Army Denmark
18
Petr Pavel
Pavel, PetrGeneral
Petr Pavel
(born 1961)
26 June 201529 June 20183 years, 3 days Czech Land Forces Czech Republic
19
Sir Stuart Peach
Peach, StuartAir Chief Marshal
Sir Stuart Peach
(born 1956)
29 June 201825 June 20213 years, 30 days Royal Air Force United Kingdom
20
Rob Bauer
Bauer, RobAdmiral
Rob Bauer
(born 1962)
25 June 2021Incumbent58 days Royal Netherlands Navy Netherlands

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_69471.htm, NATO: Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee (DCMC), Jan 19, 2016, retrieved Feb 22, 2018.
  2. ^ "Press statement by Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach, Chair of the NATO Military Committee following the Military Committee in Chiefs of Defence session". NATO. 18 May 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ "Admiral Rob Bauer begins his tenure as Chair of the NATO Military Committee". NATO. 25 June 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ Description at NATO Archives site. http://archives.nato.int/military-committee;isad
  5. ^ "FIRST SESSION - REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ORGANISATION AS ADOPTED BY THE COUNCIL ON SEPTEMBER 17TH, 1949 - NATO Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Directive To The Military Committee (Mc) - Nato Archives Online". Archives.nato.int. Retrieved .
  7. ^ NATO (9 July 2018). "Chairman of the Military Committee". NATO.int. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ NATO. "Chairmen of the NATO Military Committee". NATO. Retrieved 2018.

Further reading

  • Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991.

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