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Carboxy-lyases, also known as decarboxylases, are carbon-carbon lyases that add or remove a carboxyl group from organic compounds.These enzymes catalyze the decarboxylation of amino acids, beta-keto acids and alpha-keto acids.[1]

Classification and nomenclature

Carboxy-lyases are categorized under EC number 4.1.1.[2] Usually, they are named after the substrate whose decarboxylation they catalyze, for example pyruvate decarboxylase catalyzes the decarboxylation of pyruvate.


See also


  1. ^ Iding, H.; Siegert, P.; Mesch, K.; Pohl, M. (1998). "Application of ?-keto acid decarboxylases in biotransformations". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology. 1385 (2): 307-322. doi:10.1016/S0167-4838(98)00076-4. PMID 9655924.
  2. ^ "E.C.4.1.1.- Carboxy-lyases". Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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