CHAMP (satellite)
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CHAMP Satellite
Challenging Minisatellite Payload
CHAMP concept.png
Artist's impression of CHAMP
Mission typeTechnology
COSPAR ID Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.26405
Mission durationAchieved: 10 years
Planned: 5 years
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass500 kilograms (1,100 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date15 July 2000, 12:00:00 (2000-07-15UTC12Z) UTC
Launch sitePlesetsk 132/1
End of mission
Decay date19 September 2010 (2010-09-20)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Semi-major axis6,823.287 kilometres (4,239.794 mi)
Inclination87.18 degrees
Period93.55 minutes
RAAN124.21 degrees
Argument of perigee277.62 degrees
Epoch15 July 2000 12:00:00 UTC[2]

Challenging Minisatellite Payload (CHAMP) was a German satellite launched July 15, 2000 from Plesetsk, Russia and was used for atmospheric and ionospheric research, as well as other geoscientific applications, such as GPS radio occultation, gravity field determination, and studying the Earth's magnetic field.[3][4]

CHAMP was managed by GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) Potsdam.[5]

The spacecraft is the first application of Astrium's "Flexbus" platform; GRACE was the second.[6] A heavily modified version flew as the GOCE mission.[]

Spacecraft Instruments

An onboard BlackJack Global Positioning System (GPS) Flight Receiver, provided by JPL, enables the use of satellite to satellite tracking for vehicle positioning. To remove the effect of external, non-gravitational forces (e.g., atmospheric drag, solar radiation pressure) the satellite features an internal 3-axis STAR accelerometer. Independent verification of orbital position is enabled by a passive Laser Retro Reflector (LRR), which also enables calibration of the principal positioning via laser ranging. Spacecraft attitude is measured using Advanced Stellar Compass (ASC) supplied by Technical University of Denmark.[4]

Mounted on the boom, the satellite has an Magnetometer Instrument Assembly System (MIAS) for measurement of the Earth's magnetic field. The vehicle can measure the Earth's electric field parallel to the magnetic field with the Digital Ion Drift Meter (DIDM).[4]

End of mission

CHAMP completed its mission and re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on 19 September 2010 after 10 years (design life: five years).[7]

The mission was judged as being successful by the involved scientists,[8] in particular as the original 5 year design life was significantly extended.[9]


  1. ^ "The 'Grace twins' to investigate the Earth system". Spaceflight Now. Pole Star Publications Ltd. Retrieved 2022.
  2. ^ "Launch/Orbital Information for CHAMP". NASA.
  3. ^ First CHAMP Mission Results for Gravity, Magnetic and Atmospheric Studies. Springer Berlin, Heidelberg. pp. XIII, 563. ISBN 978-3-540-38366-6.
  4. ^ a b c "CHAMP". Satellite Missions Catalogue. ESA. Retrieved 2022.
  5. ^ "CHAMP - CHAllenging Minisatellite Payload". GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. Retrieved 2022.
  6. ^ "A Flexible Cold Gas Propulsion System Concept for Different Space Applications". Proceedings of the 4th International Spacecraft Propulsion Conference (ESA SP-555). Retrieved 2022.
  7. ^ "Upcoming and Recent Reentries | The Aerospace Corporation". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "CHAMP: A Fiery End". GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. GFZ. Retrieved 2022.
  9. ^ "CHAMP Mission 5 Years in Orbit". Observation of the Earth System from Space. 2006. doi:10.1007/3-540-29522-4_1. Retrieved 2022.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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