Burnett Hillman Streeter
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Burnett Hillman Streeter

B. H. Streeter

Burnett Hillman Streeter

(1874-11-17)17 November 1874
London, England
Died10 September 1937(1937-09-10) (aged 62)
Near Waldenburg, Switzerland
TitleProvost of The Queen's College, Oxford (1933-1937)
Irene Streeter
(m. 1910)
Ecclesiastical career
ReligionChristianity (Anglican)
ChurchChurch of England
Academic background
Alma materThe Queen's College, Oxford
InfluencesWilliam Sanday[2]
Academic work
Sub-disciplineNew Testament studies
Main interestsSynoptic problem
Notable worksThe Four Gospels (1924)
Notable ideasFour-document hypothesis

Burnett Hillman Streeter [4] (1874-1937) was an English Anglican theologian, biblical scholar, and textual critic.


Grave at the cemetery Hörnli, Riehen, Basel

Streeter was born in Croydon, London, on 17 November 1874 and educated at The Queen's College, Oxford.[3] He was ordained in 1899 and was a member of the Archbishops' Commission on Doctrine in the Church of England (from 1922 to 1937).[5] In 1910, Streeter formed a group of Oxford dons known as The Group, which met weekly to discuss theological topics.[] He attended the 1935 Nuremberg Rally with Frank Buchman.[6] He wrote a dozen volumes in the fields of philosophy of religion, comparative religion, and New Testament textual studies.

He was Dean Ireland's Professor of the Exegesis of Holy Scripture at the University of Oxford from 1932 to 1933, when he became Provost of Queen's College.

The most important work of Streeter was The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (1924), in which he proposed a "four-document hypothesis" (instead of the "two-source hypothesis") as a new solution to the synoptic problem.[7][verification needed] In this work, he also developed the theory of "local texts" in the manuscript transmission of the New Testament (pp. 27-50). Johann Leonhard Hug was his forerunner.[8]

Streeter found a new textual family: Caesarean text-type. He remarked a close textual relationship between Codex Sinaiticus and Vulgate of Jerome.

Streeter and his wife, Irene, were the only passengers on a Koolhoven FK.50, HB-AMO which crashed into Mount Kelleköpfli on a flight from Basel to Bern on 10 September 1937. The crew started the descent to Basel in low visibility due to foggy conditions. The plane hit Mount Kelleköpfli located near Waldenburg, 25 kilometers southeast from the Basel airport. The pilot Walter Eberschweiler and the Streeters were killed immediately, while the radio operator/navigator Hans Huggler survived the accident, but was severely injured.


See also



  1. ^ Boobbyer 2010, pp. 547, 550.
  2. ^ Neville 1994, p. 125.
  3. ^ a b c Court 2006, p. 19.
  4. ^ Hardwick 1938, p. 251.
  5. ^ Court 2006, pp. 19, 21.
  6. ^ Belden 1976, p. 272; Lean 1985, p. 236.
  7. ^ Streeter 1924, pp. 223-270.
  8. ^ Metzger & Ehrman 2005, p. 215.


  • Belden, David C. (1976). The Origins and Development of the Oxford Group (Moral Re-Armament) (DPhil thesis). Oxford: University of Oxford. Retrieved 2020.
  • Boobbyer, Philip (2010). "B. H. Streeter and the Oxford Group". The Journal of Ecclesiastical History. 61 (3): 541-567. doi:10.1017/S0022046908005939. ISSN 1469-7637. S2CID 146212540.
  • Court, John M. (2006). "Burnett Hillman Streeter (17th November 1874 - 10th September 1937)". The Expository Times. 118 (1): 19-25. doi:10.1177/0014524606069719. ISSN 1745-5308. S2CID 145584485.
  • Hardwick, J. C. (1938). "Burnett Hillman Streeter (1875-1937)". The Expository Times. 49 (6): 249-254. doi:10.1177/001452463804900603. ISSN 1745-5308. S2CID 170240359.
  • Lean, Garth (1985). Frank Buchman: A Life. London: Constable & Co. Retrieved 2020.
  • Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516122-9.
  • Neville, David J. (1994). Arguments from Order in Synoptic Source Criticism: A History and Critique. New Gospel Studies. 7. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press. ISBN 978-0-86554-399-7.
  • Streeter, Burnett Hillman (1924). The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins.

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Laurence Grensted
Bampton Lecturer
Succeeded by
Robert Lightfoot
Preceded by
Cuthbert Turner
Dean Ireland's Professor of
the Exegesis of Holy Scripture

Preceded by
E. M. Walker
Provost of The Queen's College, Oxford
Succeeded by
R. H. Hodgkin
Preceded by
Francis Burkitt
Burkitt Medal
Succeeded by
J. H. Ropes

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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