Burnett Hillman Streeter (1874-1937) was an English Anglican theologian, biblical scholar, and textual critic.
Grave at the cemetery Hörnli, Riehen, Basel
Streeter was born in
Croydon, London, on 17 November 1874 and educated at The Queen's College, Oxford. He was ordained in 1899 and was a member of the Archbishops' Commission on Doctrine in the Church of England (from 1922 to 1937). In 1910, Streeter formed a group of Oxford dons known as The Group, which met weekly to discuss theological topics. He attended the 1935 Nuremberg Rally with Frank Buchman. He wrote a dozen volumes in the fields of philosophy of religion, comparative religion, and New Testament textual studies.
Dean Ireland's Professor of the Exegesis of Holy Scripture at the University of Oxford from 1932 to 1933, when he became Provost of Queen's College.
The most important work of Streeter was
The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (1924), in which he proposed a " four-document hypothesis" (instead of the " two-source hypothesis") as a new solution to the synoptic problem. In this work, he also developed the theory of "local texts" in the manuscript transmission of the New Testament (pp. 27-50). Johann Leonhard Hug was his forerunner.
Streeter found a new textual family:
Caesarean text-type. He remarked a close textual relationship between Codex Sinaiticus and Vulgate of Jerome.
Streeter and his wife, Irene, were the only passengers on a
Koolhoven FK.50, HB-AMO which crashed into Mount Kelleköpfli on a flight from Basel to Bern on 10 September 1937. The crew started the descent to Basel in low visibility due to foggy conditions. The plane hit Mount Kelleköpfli located near Waldenburg, 25 kilometers southeast from the Basel airport. The pilot Walter Eberschweiler and the Streeters were killed immediately, while the radio operator/navigator Hans Huggler survived the accident, but was severely injured.
, (Macmillan and Co.: London 1912). Foundations: A Statement of Christian Belief in Terms of Modern Thought
(Macmillan and Co.: London 1914) Restatement and Reunion: A Study in First Principles
(Oxford University Press: London 1915) War: This war (1914-1918) and the Sermon on the Mount
(Macmillan Company: New York 1917) Immortality: an Essay in Discovery Coordinating Scientific Psychical and Biblical Research
(T. Fisher Unwin: London 1917) Woman and the Church
(Association Press: New York 1919) God and the Struggle for Existence
, (Macmillan Company: New York 1921). The Message of Sadhu Sundar Singh: A Study in Mysticism and Practical Religion
(Macmillan Company: New York 1922). The Spirit: the Relation of God and Man, Considered from the Standpoint of Recent Philosophy and Science
, (4th Revised Edition, Macmillan and Co.: London 1930). The Four Gospels, a Study of Origins treating of the Manuscript Tradition, Sources, Authorship, & Dates (1924)
, (Macmillan and Co.: London 1926); reprinted subsequently. Reality: A New Correlation of Science and Religion
, (Macmillan Company: New York 1929). Primitive Church Studied with Special Reference to the Origins of the Christian Ministry
, (Burt Franklin: New York 1931). The Chained Library
The Buddha and the Christ, Bampton Lectures (1932). , (Macmillan Company: New York 1936). The God who speaks
Belden, David C. (1976). (DPhil thesis). Oxford: University of Oxford The Origins and Development of the Oxford Group (Moral Re-Armament) . Retrieved 2020.
Boobbyer, Philip (2010). "B. H. Streeter and the Oxford Group". The Journal of Ecclesiastical History. 61 (3): 541-567. doi: 10.1017/S0022046908005939. ISSN 1469-7637. S2CID 146212540.
Court, John M. (2006). "Burnett Hillman Streeter (17th November 1874 - 10th September 1937)". The Expository Times. 118 (1): 19-25. doi: 10.1177/0014524606069719. ISSN 1745-5308. S2CID 145584485.
Hardwick, J. C. (1938). "Burnett Hillman Streeter (1875-1937)". The Expository Times. 49 (6): 249-254. doi: 10.1177/001452463804900603. ISSN 1745-5308. S2CID 170240359.
Lean, Garth (1985). . London: Constable & Co Frank Buchman: A Life . Retrieved 2020.
Metzger, Bruce M.; Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN . 978-0-19-516122-9
Neville, David J. (1994). Arguments from Order in Synoptic Source Criticism: A History and Critique. New Gospel Studies. 7. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press. ISBN . 978-0-86554-399-7 Streeter, Burnett Hillman (1924). The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins.