Biz Markie
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Biz Markie

Biz Markie
Markie in 2018
Markie in 2018
Background information
Marcel Theo Hall
Born(1964-04-08)April 8, 1964
Harlem, New York, U.S.
OriginPatchogue, New York[1]
DiedJuly 16, 2021(2021-07-16) (aged 57)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Genres
  • Rapper
  • singer-songwriter
  • disc jockey
  • record producer
Instruments
  • Vocals
1985-2021
Labels

Marcel Theo Hall (April 8, 1964 - July 16, 2021),[2] known professionally as Biz Markie, was an American rapper, DJ, and record producer. Markie was best known for his 1989 single "Just a Friend", which became a top 40 hit in several countries. In 2008, "Just a Friend" made No. 100 on VH1's list of the 100 greatest hip hop songs of all time.[3] Markie was sometimes referred to as the "Clown Prince of Hip Hop".[4][5][6]

Early life

Markie was born in Manhattan, in the neighborhood of Harlem. He was raised in Brentwood, a hamlet on Long Island.[6][7] Markie began his career in New York City nightclubs and later gained regional recognition by performing at colleges in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania.[8]

Regarding the origin of his stage name, the rapper said:

Biz comes from the first hip-hop tape I heard. It was '77, '78, from the L Brothers. Grand Wizard Theodore was the DJ, and the rappers was Kevvy Kev, Master Rob and Busy Bee Starski. I loved Busy Bee. Busy Bee just stuck with me. My name used to be Bizzy B Markie, and after a while I put the Biz with the Markie. My nickname in my neighborhood was Markie.[8]

Career

1980s

Biz Markie was interviewed in the 1986 cult documentary Big Fun in the Big Town.[9] Markie released his debut album, Goin' Off, in 1988, which attracted a fair amount of attention, largely due to the lead single, "Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz". The album also featured the underground hit singles "Nobody Beats The Biz", "Vapors", and "Pickin' Boogers".[10] Biz also appeared briefly in the music video for Rob Base's single It Takes Two.

On October 10, 1989, Markie's second studio album, The Biz Never Sleeps was released on Cold Chillin'/Warner Bros. Records, produced by Markie, his cousin Cool V and Paul C. The single "Just a Friend", in which he alternates between rap and singing, became Markie's most successful single, reaching No. 9 on the Billboard charts.[11] The song interpolates the 1968 song "You Got What I Need" by singer-songwriter Freddie Scott, whose basic chord and melody provided the base for the song's chorus.[12] "Just a Friend" was ranked 81st on VH1's 100 Greatest One-Hit Wonders in 2000, and later as number 100 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of Hip Hop in 2008.[3] The music video, directed by Lionel C. Martin, chronicles the rapper's woman problems.[13]

1990s

Markie's third studio album I Need a Haircut was released on August 27, 1991, on Cold Chillin'/Warner Bros. Records and was produced by Markie and his cousin Cool V. Sales of the album were already low when Markie was served a lawsuit by Gilbert O'Sullivan, who claimed that the album's "Alone Again" featured an unauthorized sample from his hit "Alone Again (Naturally)". O'Sullivan's claim was upheld in a landmark ruling, Grand Upright Music, Ltd. v. Warner Bros. Records Inc.,[14] that altered the landscape of hip-hop, finding that all samples must be cleared with the original artist before being used. In accordance with the ruling, Warner Bros., the parent company of Cold Chillin', had to pull I Need a Haircut from circulation, and all companies had to clear samples with the samples' creators before releasing the records. This development reflected the increasing popularity of hip-hop and the financial stakes over which releases were set. Markie responded in 1993 with the mischievously titled All Samples Cleared!, but his career had been hurt by the publicity emanating from the lawsuit, and the record suffered accordingly.[12]

For the remainder of the decade, Markie occasionally made television appearances, including guest appearances on In Living Color (including as contestant Damian "Foosball" Franklin in the recurring game show sketch "The Dirty Dozens" and as Marlon Cain in "Ed Bacon: Guidance Counselor")[15] and in a 1996 freestyle rap commercial on MTV2, as well as in the 1993 superhero film Meteor Man. He also made numerous guest appearances with the Beastie Boys on Check Your Head (1992), Ill Communication (1994), Hello Nasty (1998), and their anthology The Sounds of Science (1999).[16] He also rapped on the song "Schizo Jam" on Don Byron's 1998 release, Nu Blaxploitation (Blue Note/Capitol) and worked with Canibus on the first track on the Office Space soundtrack (1999). He also rapped on the track "So Fresh" alongside Slick Rick on Will Smith's 1999 album Willennium.[17]

In 1996, Markie appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation CD, America Is Dying Slowly, alongside Wu-Tang Clan, Coolio, and Fat Joe, among others. The CD was meant to raise awareness of the AIDS epidemic among African-American men.[18] In 1997, a sample of a Markie recording appeared in the Rolling Stones' song "Anybody Seen My Baby?" from their album Bridges to Babylon.[19] Markie also teamed up with Frankie Cutlass on his third single and music video titled "The Cypher Part 3" with some of Marley Marl's Juice Crew veterans.[20] He also appeared of Fünf Sterne Delxue Will Smith, Meer Gayne? from the album Sillium.[21]

In 1999, Markie appeared on Len's song "Beautiful Day" on their album You Can't Stop the Bum Rush,[22] as well as on Alliance Ethnik's album Fat Comeback.[23]

2000s

Markie performing in 2007

In 2002, Markie appeared in Men in Black II, with Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones, playing an alien parody of himself, whose native language sounded exactly like beatboxing.[24] He also provided rap vocals and sang the hook for the remixed version of Mario's single "Just a Friend 2002", which sampled his own song from 13 years before. Between 2002 and 2003, he appeared in episode 5 of the TV series Fastlane playing himself as a nightclub DJ. In 2003, he appeared in the international television series Kung Faux performing a series of voice-over characters featured in a variety of episodes. In 2004, his song "Vapors" appeared on the soundtrack of the Rockstar video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, which featured an old school hip hop radio station, Playback FM. In 2005, Markie detoured from his recording duties to appear on the first season of the television show Celebrity Fit Club, which challenged celebrities to lose weight by a combination of diet and exercise. Markie lost more weight than anybody else in the competition.[25] That year, he was also in an episode of The Andy Milonakis Show. In 2006, his song "Pickin' Boogers" appeared on the soundtrack of the Volition video game Saints Row. Markie was a cast member on Nick Cannon's Wild 'n Out, seasons 1 and 3. Markie also performed a beatboxing segment, "Biz's Beat of the Day", on the Nick Jr. show Yo Gabba Gabba![26]

Markie began opening in 2008 for Chris Rock on the comedian's "No Apologies" tour. Markie's act included spinning records ranging from old school hip hop to Lynyrd Skynyrd and then performing "Just a Friend".[27] In December 2009, Biz Markie appeared in a RadioShack commercial, repeating the line: "Oh Snap! Guess what I saw!" from his song "Just a Friend".[28] That same year saw his debut with Andy Milonakis in television commercials for the commercial Internet service Tune Up.[29]

2010s

In 2010, Markie appeared on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, providing commentary throughout the series. Markie himself was not included on the list. On November 9, 2010, he appeared on the Aquabats! new EP, Radio Down! on the title track. On November 11, 2010, Markie sat in with the Roots on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, and performed "Just a Friend" with actor Jeff Goldblum.[30]

In 2013, Markie toured with the Yo Gabba Gabba! live show.[31] That year, his song, "Just a Friend" was featured in Saints Row IV, which included the Pop station, 107.7 The Mix FM. He appeared on the CN show Mad, as the Hip Hop Hobbit. He voiced rapper Rhymez and his DJ, Tiny Timmy Scratch It, in the Randy Cunningham: 9th Grade Ninja episode "Hip Hopocalypse Now".[32]

Markie guest starred in the SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Kenny the Cat", in the episode's title role.[33] His voice acting work also includes the voice of Snorlock the Beatboxing Slug in an episode of Adventure Time.[34]

In 2014, Markie appeared in the Syfy network film Sharknado 2: The Second One. That same year, he threw a ceremonial first pitch for an Oakland Athletics baseball game.[35] In 2016, his song, "Just a Friend" was featured in the Netflix Series Love as an ending theme for episode 4. He also made an appearance in the song "The Noisy Eater" off the album Wildflower by the Avalanches. Also in 2016, he appeared on the Fox TV series Empire as himself, where he performed "Just a Friend".[36]

Markie was the DJ on the VH1 game show Hip Hop Squares between 2017 and 2019, a spin-off of the popular game show Hollywood Squares.[37] He also rapped alongside singer Ke$ha on the Flaming Lips song "2012 (You Must Be Upgraded)".[38] He made an appearance in the season 3 finale of the ABC series Black-ish in 2017. He performed a personal version of the song "Just a Friend", in which he added the names of the characters.[39]

2020s

In 2020, Markie started hosting a radio show on SiriusXM on LL Cool J's Rock the Bells Radio (channel 43) every weekday from 1:00 to 4:00 EST.[40]

Illness and death

In April 2020, Markie was hospitalized due to severe complications from Type 2 diabetes.[41] In December 2020, it was reported that Markie was staying in a rehabilitation facility as a result of a stroke he had suffered after going into a diabetic coma.[42]

On July 1, 2021, rumors of his death circulated on Twitter. His representative told Rolling Stone, "The news of Biz Markie's death is not true, Biz is still under medical care, surrounded by professionals who are working hard to provide the best healthcare possible."[43] Markie died at a Baltimore hospital fifteen days later, on July 16, at age 57.[44]

Discography

Studio albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
US
[45]
US
R&B/HH

[46]
Goin' Off 90 19
The Biz Never Sleeps
  • Released: October 10, 1989[48]
  • Label: Cold Chillin', Warner
  • Format: Cassette Tape, 12" Record Disc
66 9
I Need a Haircut
  • Released: August 27, 1991[50]
  • Label: Cold Chillin', Warner
  • Format: CASSETTE Tape, CD
113 44
All Samples Cleared!
  • Released: June 22, 1993[51]
  • Label: Cold Chillin', Warner
  • Format: CD, Cassette Tape
- 43
Weekend Warrior
  • Released: November 18, 2003[52]
  • Label: Tommy Boy
  • Format: CD, digital download
- -

Compilation albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions
US
Com.

[53]
Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz
  • Released: 1986[54]
  • Re-issued: 2006
  • Label: Prism
  • Format: CD, digital download
-
Biz's Baddest Beats 2
On the Turntable
  • Released: August 25, 1998[56]
  • Label: P-Vine
  • Format: CD, digital download
-
On the Turntable 2
  • Released: September 25, 2000[57]
  • Label: Pony Canyon
  • Format: CD, digital download
-
Greatest Hits
  • Released: May 7, 2002[58]
  • Label: LandSpeed
  • Format: CD, digital download
-
Ultimate Diabolical
  • Released: October 9, 2007[59]
  • Label: Traffic Entertainment
  • Format: CD, digital download
-
Diabolical: The Biz's Greatest Hits
  • Released: 2009[60]
  • Label: Traffic Entertainment
  • Format: CD, digital download
-

Singles

Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album
US
[61]
US
R&B/HH

[62]
US
Rap

[63]
CAN
[64]
UK
[65]
"Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz" 1987 - 84 - - - Goin' Off
"Vapors" 1988 - 80 - - -
"Just a Friend" 1989 9 37 5 66 55 The Biz Never Sleeps
"What Comes Around Goes Around" 1991 - 84 4 - - I Need a Haircut
"Let Me Turn You On" 1993 - - 7 - - All Samples Cleared!
"Young Girl Bluez" - - 4 - -
"Let Me See You Bounce"
(with Elephant Man)
2003 - - - - 77 Weekend Warrior

References

  1. ^ "Rapper Biz Markie from Long Island dies at 57". Newsday. July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Biz Markie: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2008.
  3. ^ a b Singh, Amrit (September 29, 2008). "VH1?s 100 Greatest Hip-Hop Songs". Stereogum.com. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "Biz Markie, the clown prince of hip-hop, found a home at Yo! MTV Raps. | MTV Photo Gallery". Mtv.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "o Biz Markie". Hiphop.sh. August 29, 2007. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ a b Biz Markie, Pioneering Beatboxer And 'Just A Friend' Rapper, Dies At 57 Archived July 17, 2021, at the Wayback Machine NPR, David Ma, July 16, 2021
  7. ^ "Biz Markie, 'Clown Prince Of Hip-Hop' Who Grew Up On LI". Patchogue, NY Patch. July 17, 2021. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  8. ^ a b Manteuffel, Rachel. "For Biz Markie, fame comes and goes like a McDonald's McRib sandwich". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on June 8, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ "Big Fun in the Big Town". January 1, 2000. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved 2018 – via IMDb.
  10. ^ Morris, Mary. Biz Markie Archived January 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Remix. February 1, 2004. URL retrieved on January 9, 2007.
  11. ^ Ellise Shafer. "Biz Markie, Rapper Known for 'Just a Friend,' Dies at 57". Yahoo.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ a b "20 Years Ago Biz Markie Got The Last Laugh : The Record". NPR. May 6, 2013. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  13. ^ "Biz Markie on 30 years of 'Just a Friend': 'I just wanted to make a story rap record, not to go pop'". EW.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  14. ^ Grand Upright Music, Ltd. v. Warner Bros. Records, Inc., 780 F. Supp. 182 (S.D.N.Y. 1991)
  15. ^ "20 Greatest Hip-Hop Moments on 'In Living Color' - XXL". Xxlmag.com. January 5, 2018. Archived from the original on October 25, 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  16. ^ "The men who motivated the Beastie Boys". EW.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  17. ^ "Remembering Rap Legend Biz Markie: 5 Iconic Songs". GRAMMY.com. July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  18. ^ "20 Years Ago, Coolio, De La Soul, and the Rest of Rap Chipped in to Raise HIV/AIDS Awareness". Vice.com. December 1, 2016. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  19. ^ Nick DeRiso (September 23, 2017). "When the Rolling Stones Tried an Update on 'Bridges to Babylon'". Ultimateclassicrock.com. Archived from the original on April 28, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  20. ^ "Biz Markie". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
  21. ^ Fünf Sterne Deluxe - Sillium (1998, Vinyl) (in German), retrieved 2021
  22. ^ Scherman, Tony (August 8, 1999). "RECORDINGS; High-Quality Bubble Gum". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Alliance Ethnik - Fat Comeback". Discogs.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "'Just a Friend' rapper Biz Markie to perform at Lava club". syracuse. January 7, 2016. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  25. ^ Sweeting, Adam (July 17, 2021). "Biz Markie obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021.
  26. ^ Bruce Haring (April 8, 1964). "Biz Markie Dead: 'Just A Friend' Rapper And 'Yo Gabba Gabba' Actor Was 57 - Deadline". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2021.
  27. ^ Barnes, Steve (December 31, 2007) "Chris Rock sharper than ever", Times Union
  28. ^ "YouTube". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013.
  29. ^ ""TuneUp Ads feat. Biz Markie & Andy Milonakis"; Tune Up; December 11, 2009". Tuneupmedia.com. December 11, 2009. Archived from the original on November 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  30. ^ Sara Schaefer. "Performance with Jeff Goldblum on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon". Latenightwithjimmyfallon.com. Archived from the original on September 17, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  31. ^ Schulz, Curt (November 12, 2014). "Biz Markie and the 'Yo Gabba Gabba Live!' cast prove that music is awesome for all ages". Oregonlive. Archived from the original on March 19, 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  32. ^ Theme: Catch Evolution by (July 17, 2021). "Harlem's Biz Markie Rapper, Clown Prince Of Hip Hop, Singer, DJ, Producer, And Writer 1964 - 2021". Harlemworldmagazine.com. Retrieved 2021.
  33. ^ "SpongeBob SquarePants: Kenny the Cat: "SpongeBob Superfan"". spongebob.nick.com. Archived from the original on March 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  34. ^ "Behind the Voice Actors: Snorlock". behindthevoiceactors.com. Archived from the original on February 17, 2018. Retrieved 2021.
  35. ^ Littmann, Chris. "Biz Markie throws awkward first pitch". Sporting News. Archived from the original on July 15, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ Iovine, Anna Rose. "Twitter Reacts To Biz Markie's 'Empire' Appearance & They Were Just As Excited As Cookie". Romper. Archived from the original on April 23, 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "'Hip-Hop Squares': Behind the scenes with Nick Cannon, Biz Markie". EW.com. Archived from the original on August 8, 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  38. ^ Amanda Dobbins (March 20, 2012). "A Flaming Lips, Ke$ha, and Biz Markie Collaboration Is Happening". Vulture.com. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved 2021.
  39. ^ "Black-ish Ends Its Season With Laughter and Tears". TVGuide.com. May 10, 2017. Archived from the original on May 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ "Don't miss legendary hip-hop artist Biz Markie's new show on Rock The Bells Radio". SiriusXM. February 10, 2020. Archived from the original on July 26, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  41. ^ Lee, ArLuther (July 27, 2020). "Rapper Biz Markie hospitalized for weeks due to diabetes". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  42. ^ Eustice, Kyle (December 8, 2020). "Biz Markie missing for 6 months and now there's an update". hiphopdx.com. Archived from the original on December 21, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ Newman, Jason (July 1, 2021). "Biz Markie Rep Refutes Death Rumors". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 1, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  44. ^ Shafer, Ellise. "Biz Markie, Rapper Known for 'Just a Friend,' Dies at 57". Variety. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  45. ^ "Biz Markie Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
  46. ^ "Biz Markie Chart History: Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
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  48. ^ Biz Markie at AllMusic
  49. ^ a b "American certifications - Biz Markie". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2021.
  50. ^ Biz Markie at AllMusic
  51. ^ Biz Markie at AllMusic
  52. ^ Bush, John. "Weekend Warrior - Biz Markie". AllMusic. Retrieved 2021.
  53. ^ "Biz Markie Chart History: Comedy Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
  54. ^ AllMusic Review by Marisa Brown (December 31, 1969). "Make the Music with Your Mouth, Biz - Biz Markie | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2021.
  55. ^ Biz Markie at AllMusic
  56. ^ "On the Turntable - Biz Markie | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. August 25, 1998. Retrieved 2021.
  57. ^ "On the Turntable, Vol. 2 - Biz Markie | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. September 25, 2000. Retrieved 2021.
  58. ^ AllMusic Review by John Bush (May 7, 2002). "Greatest Hits - Biz Markie | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2021.
  59. ^ "Ultimate Diabolical". AllMusic. Retrieved 2021.
  60. ^ "Diabolical: The Biz's Greatest Hits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2021.
  61. ^ "Biz Markie Chart History - HOT 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
  62. ^ "Biz Markie Chart History - R&B/Hip-Hop". Billboard. Retrieved 2021.
  63. ^ "Biz Markie Song Chart History: Rap Songs". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  64. ^ "Canadian dance peak". Collectionscanda.gc.ca. Retrieved 2021.
  65. ^ "BIZ MARKIE | full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2021.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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