Bhedabheda
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Bhedabheda

Bhed?bheda Ved?nta is a subschool of Ved?nta, which teaches that the individual self (j?v?tman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman.

Etymology

Bhed?bheda (Devanagari: ?) is a Sanskrit word meaning "difference and non-difference".[1]

Philosophy

The characteristic position of all the different Bhed?bheda Ved?nta schools is that the individual self (j?v?tman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman. Each thinker within the Bhed?bheda Ved?nta tradition has their own particular understanding of the precise meanings of the philosophical terms "difference" and "non-difference". Bhed?bheda Ved?ntic ideas can be traced to some of the very oldest Ved?ntic texts, including quite possibly B?dar?ya?a's Brahma S?tra (c. 4th century CE).[1]

Bhed?bheda predates the positions of two other major schools of Ved?nta. The Advaita (Non-dual) Ved?nta that claims that the individual self is completely identical to Brahman, and the Dvaita (Dualist) Ved?nta (13th century) that teaches complete difference between the individual self and Brahman.[1]

Influence

Bhed?bheda ideas had an enormous influence on the devotional (bhakti) schools of India's medieval period. Among medieval Bhed?bheda thinkers are:

Other major names are R?m?nuja's teacher Y?davapraka,[1] and Vijñ?nabhik?u (16th century).[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Bhedabheda Vedanta". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ Malkovsky, The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of ?a?kar?c?rya, Leiden: Brill, p. 118,
  3. ^ Sivananda 1993, p. 247-253.

Sources

Further reading

External links



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Bhedabheda
 



 



 
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