Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
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Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
? ?
? ?  , ?. Bie?aruskaja A?takiefalnaja Pravas?a?naja Carkva, ?oha.png
TypeEastern Orthodox
ScriptureSeptuagint, New Testament
TheologyEastern Orthodox theology
HeadquartersCathedral of St. Cyril of Turau, New York City
Territory Belarusian diaspora
Separated fromRussian Orthodox Church
Cathedral of St. Cyril of Turau, New York City

The Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (Belarusian: ? ? , Bielaruskaja a?takiefa?naja pravasla?naja carkva BAPC; Russian: ? ?), sometimes abbreviated as B.A.O. Church or BAOC, is an independent religious body in the Eastern Orthodox tradition.

The Church separated from the Russian Orthodox Church on 23 July 1922, in an attempt to create a national Church in the territory of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, profiting from the policies of Belarusization sponsored by Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin. After the death of Lenin and the rise of Joseph Stalin, Belarusization ended and the BAPC rapidly disgregated.

Following the German occupation of Byelorussia, the church was re-established on 30 August 1942; the effort was supported by the collaborationist Belarusian Central Council. With the advance of the Red Army in 1944, BAPC leaders largely escaped to Germany.

On 5 June 1948 bishops and members of the BAPC which had managed to escape from the Soviet Union met in Konstanz and reorganized their activities abroad.

The church is currently based in Brooklyn, New York City and is mainly active within the Belarusian diaspora. It has ten parishes: three in the United States, three in Australia, one in Canada, one in the United Kingdom and, since 2010, one in Belarus. It has been led by Metropolitan Svitaslau since 2008.

Its activities in Belarus are strongly opposed by the Belarusian Exarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church.

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