|Ban? Tam?m |
|Location||Arabian Peninsula and Arab World|
|Descended from||Tamim ibn Murr|
Ban? Tam?m (Arabic: ) or Ban? Tam?m ( ) is one of the tribes of Arabia, mainly present in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, Iraq, and also has a strong presence in Algeria and many other parts of the Arab world. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid. It can also mean perfect.
The traditional family tree of Banu Tamim is as follows: Tamim, son of Murr, son of 'Id, son of Amr, son of Ilyas, son of Mudar, son of Nizar, son of Ma'ad, son of Adnan - a distant descendant of Isma'il ibn Ibrahim (Ishmael, son of Abraham).
Tamim is one of the largest Arab tribes. The tribe occupied in the 6th century the eastern part of the Arabian peninsula before playing an important role with the revelation of Islam. They came into contact with Muhammad in the 8th year of Hijrah, but they did not immediately convert to Islam. There are hadiths which praise virtually all of the major Arab tribal groups, and to indicate the extent of this praise, a few examples are listed here:
I have continued to love Banu Tamim after I heard three things concerning them from Allah's Messenger: "They will be the sternest of my Ummah against the Dajjal," one of them was a captive owned by Aisha, and he said: "Free her, for she is a descendant of Ismail," and when their zakat came, he said: "This is the zakat of our people," or "of my people.""
The tribe traces its lineage to Adnan and Biblical figures Ishmael and Abraham. It has been said that Banu Tamim is the largest Arab tribe. "Had it not been for the coming of Islam, the Tam?m tribe would have consumed the Arabs."[This quote needs a citation]
In Nahj al-Balagha, Letter 18, Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib says: "Remember that Bani Tamim is such a clan that their star has not set as yet, amongst them if one great man dies there is another to take his place. Remember that after embracing Islam and even during pre-Islamic days these people were never regarded as mean, jealous or covetous. On the contrary, they had a very high status. Besides they have claims of kinship and friendship with us. If we behave kindly, patiently and sympathetically towards them Allah will reward us. But if we ill treat them we shall be sinning."
In the genealogical tradition of the tribe, it is argued that there is a direct line that can be drawn from Ibrahim to Tamim:
The tribe is mainly divided into four main branches, namely:
The tribe was mainly concentrated in Najd before the spread of Islam, but had spread across the Arabian Peninsula after the Islamic conquest of the region, then had spread to areas ruled by subsequent caliphates.
Among the tribe's members are: