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BMW M54 engine
BMW M54B25 001.jpg
M54B25 in a E39 525i
Displacement2,171 cc (132 cu in)
2,494 cc (152 cu in)
2,979 cc (182 cu in)
Cylinder bore80 mm (3.1 in)
84 mm (3.3 in)
Piston stroke72 mm (2.8 in)
75 mm (3.0 in)
89.6 mm (3.53 in)
Block materialAluminium
Head materialAluminium
ValvetrainDOHC w/ VVT
Fuel typePetrol
PredecessorBMW M52
SuccessorBMW N52

The BMW M54 is a naturally aspirated straight-6 petrol engine produced from 2000 to 2006. It was released in the E53 X5[1] and is the replacement for the M52 engine. The S54 is the equivalent high performance engine, used in the E46 M3, the Z3 M Coupé/Roadster and the E85/E86 Z4 M. The BMW M56 SULEV engine (sold in several states of the United States) is based on the M54.

The M54 was phased out following the introduction of the BMW N52 engine in 2004. From 2001 to 2003, the M54 was included on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list.


Compared with the final versions of its M52 predecessor (called the 'M52TU'), the M54 has a non-return fuel system, a fully electronic throttle (without mechanical backup),[1][2] Siemens MS 43 engine management,[3] a revised intake manifold.[4] The displacement of the largest variant increased from 2.8 L to 3.0 L (2,979 cc), due to an increase in stroke to 89.6 mm (3.53 in).

As per the M52TU, the M54 uses an aluminium block and aluminium cylinder head with cast iron cylinder liners. Variable valve timing is fitted to both camshafts[5] (called "double-VANOS"), a dual length intake manifold (called "DISA") is used and the thermostat is electronically controlled. The redline remains at 6,500 rpm.

There was no "technical update" (TU) version of the M54 produced, therefore the engine specifications remained the same throughout its seven-year production run.


Version Displacement Power Torque Years
M54B22 2.2 L (2,171 cc) 125 kW (168 hp)
at 6,100 rpm
210 N?m (155 lb?ft)
at 3,500 rpm
M54B25 2.5 L (2,494 cc) 141 kW (189 hp)
at 6,000 rpm
245 N?m (181 lb?ft)
at 3,500 rpm
M54B30 3.0 L (2,979 cc) 170 kW (228 hp)
at 5,900 rpm
300 N?m (221 lb?ft)
at 3,500 rpm
S54B32 3.2 L (3,246 cc) 252 kW (338 hp)
at 7,900 rpm
365 N?m (269 lb?ft)
at 4,900 rpm


The 2,171 cc (132.5 cu in) M54B22 produces 125 kW (168 hp) at 6,100 rpm and 210 N?m (155 lb?ft) at 3,500 rpm.[6] Bore is 80 mm (3.1 in), stroke is 72 mm (2.8 in) and the compression ratio is 10.8:1.

  • 2000-2006 E46 320i, 320Ci
  • 2000-2003 E39 520i
  • 2000-2002 E36/7 Z3 2.2i
  • 2003-2005 E85 Z4 2.2i
  • 2003-2005 E60/E61 520i


The 2,494 cc (152.2 cu in) M54B25 produces 141 kW (189 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 245 N?m (181 lb?ft) at 3,500 rpm.[6] Bore is 84 mm (3.3 in), stroke is 75 mm (3.0 in) and the compression ratio is 10.5:1.

  • 2000-2002 E36/7 Z3 2.5i
  • 2000-2006 E46 325i, 325xi, 325Ci
  • 2000-2004 E46/5 325ti
  • 2000-2004 E39 525i
  • 2003-2005 E60/E61 525i, 525xi
  • 2003-2006 E83 X3 2.5i
  • 2002-2005 E85 Z4 2.5i


The 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) M54B30 is the largest M54 variant and produces 170 kW (228 hp) at 5,900 rpm and 300 N?m (221 lb?ft) at 3,500 rpm.[6] Bore is 84 mm (3.3 in), stroke is 89.6 mm (3.5 in) and the compression ratio is 10.2:1.[7]

In the United States and Canada, a "ZHP" version of the M54B30 used different camshafts and reprogrammed engine management to develop 175 kW (235 hp) at 5,900 rpm and 301 N?m (222 lb?ft) at 3,500 rpm and have a slightly higher redline of 6,800 rpm (although the Canadian cars still show the limiter at 6,500 rpm on the tachometer).[8][9]

The M54B30 was on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list through 2001-2003.[10]



BMW S54 engine
BMW S54B32 Engine.JPG
S54B32 in a E86 Z4 M Coupé
Displacement3.2 L (3,246 cc)
Cylinder bore87 mm (3.4 in)
Piston stroke91 mm (3.6 in)
Block materialCast iron
Head materialAluminium
ValvetrainDOHC w/ VVT
Fuel typeGasoline
PredecessorBMW S50
SuccessorBMW S55

The S54 was marketed as the high performance equivalent to the M54, however it is actually more an evolution of the BMW S50 and shares few parts with the M54.[11] As per the S50, the engine block is made of cast iron (unlike the aluminium engine block used by the M54).[12] Redline is 8,000 rpm.

Compared with the S50, the S54 features:[11][13][14]

There is no direct successor to the S54, since the following generation of M3 is powered by the BMW S65 V8 engine.

However, in 2014, the S65 V8 engine was replaced with an inline-6 engine called the BMW S55. This is considered the spiritual successor of the S54, being a 6-cylinder engine. This engine was first used in the newly introduced BMW M3 F80 and BMW M4 F82


Variations in power and torque outputs are often due to country-specific emissions regulations, or space constraints of a chassis affecting the layout of the intake/exhaust system.

  • 2000-2006 E46 M3 -- produces 252 kW (343 PS; 338 hp) at 7,900 rpm and 365 N?m (269 lb?ft) at 4,900 rpm. Models for the United States and Canada produce 248 kW (333 hp) and 355 N?m (262 lb?ft).
  • 2000-2002 E36/7 Z3 M Roadster, E36/8 M Coupé -- produces 239 kW (325 PS; 321 hp) and 354 N?m (261 lb?ft). Models for the United States and Canada produce 235 kW (315 hp) and 341 N?m (252 lb?ft).
  • 2002-2011 Wiesmann MF 3 Roadster -- produces 252 kW (343 PS; 338 hp) and 365 N?m (269 lb?ft).[15][16]
  • 2006-2008 E85 Z4 M Roadster, E86 Z4 M Coupé -- produces 252 kW (343 PS; 338 hp) and 365 N?m (269 lb?ft) - Engine code 326S4. Models for the United States and Canada produce 246 kW (330 hp) and 355 N?m (262 lb?ft).


S54B32HP engine in BMW-Museum, Munich.

An upgraded version of the S54 engine was used in the E46 M3 CSL. This engine is designated S54B32HP and the changes include a revised intake made from carbon fiber, revised camshafts, a MAP sensor (instead of the MAF sensor used in the regular S54),[3] a lightweight exhaust manifold with a straighter air path (which later became standard on the regular S54) and a straightened intake manifold.[17]

  • 2003 E46 M3 CSL 265 kW (360 hp), 370 N?m (273 lb?ft)[18]
  • 2009 Wiesmann MF 3 Roadster "20th Anniversary Edition" -- produces 265 kW (360 hp), 370 N?m (273 lb?ft)

See also


  1. ^ a b "Bmw m54 Engine". Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Burns, John G. "The UnixNerd's Domain - BMW M50 M52 M54 Engines". Archived from the original on 2018-09-27. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "BMW World - M54 Engine". Archived from the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "BMW M54 and S54 engines". Archived from the original on 26 December 2019. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "The BMW Six Cylinder Guide". Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ a b c "Information on M54 engines". Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "BMW M54B30 Engine". Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "BMW 330i with Performance Package - Road Test - Car Reviews". Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About the BMW E46 330 ZHP Performance Package Option". Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "10 Best Engines". Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ a b "FAQ E46 M3". Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ "BMW S54 Engine". Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "Jalopnik: 'Dear BMW, Why Did You Retire the S54B32 Engine?'". Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "BMW YouTube channel - The BMW M3 (E46) film. Everything about the third generation BMW M3". Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "Wiesmann MF3". Wiesmann. Archived from the original on 2012-01-21.
  16. ^ Adams, Lawrence. "Official: Wiesmann Roadster MF3 Final Edition by Sieger". Retrieved 2016.
  17. ^ "BMW M3 CSL Performance". Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ "2003 BMW M3 CSL E46 specifications". Retrieved 2021.

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