Auk%C5%A1taitija
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Auk%C5%A1taitija

Auk?taitija
Auk?taitija
View from Ladakalnis hill, Auk?taitija National Park
View from Ladakalnis hill, Auk?taitija National Park
Flag of Auk?taitija
Coat of arms of Auk?taitija
Motto: 
Patriam tuam mundum existima
Map indicating the location of Auk?taitija within Lithuania
Location of Auk?taitija within Lithuania
CountryLithuania
CapitalPanevys
Population
 o Ethnicity
Lithuanians
 o Languages
Lithuanian
Time zoneUTC2 (CET (GMT +2))

Auk?taitija (Lithuanian pronunciation: [?uk?'t:tj?]; literally in Lithuanian: Upper lands) is the name of one of five ethnographic regions of Lithuania.[1][2] The name comes from lands being in upper basin of Nemunas River or being relative to Lowlands up to ?iauliai.

Geography

Auk?taitija is in the northeast part of Lithuania and also encompasses a small part of Latvia and Belarus. The largest city and, though not in any strict political sense, the considered capital of the region is Panevys. The largest cities (by population) are:

The region has many lakes, mainly on the eastern side.

History

Historically Auk?taitija had been correspondent to the Duchy of Lithuania up to the 13th century. Its initial capital most likely was Kernav?. In the treaty of Gediminas of 1322, Auk?taitija is named terra Eustoythen (land of Auk?taitians).[3] Some German sources also titled Grand Duke Gediminas, after whom the Gediminids dynasty is named after, as Rex de Owsteiten (English: King of Auk?taitija).[4] Auk?taitija was mentioned as Austechia in Chronicon terrae Prussiae written around 1326.[3] Politically, since the end of the 13th century, it comprised the Duchy of Vilnius/Lithuania and Duchy of Trakai, and perhaps was employed to refer to them both taken together. Since the 15th century, corresponding Trakai Voivodeship and Vilnius Voivodeship made up Auk?taitija, as a political and ethnically based unit, also known as Lithuania proper.

Demographics

Local people mainly speak the Auk?taitian dialect of Lithuanian. Under the new classification of dialects Lithuanian is divided into just two dialects, Auk?taitian and Samogitian with all previous dialects being classified as subdialects. The Sudovian and Dz?kian dialects are also considered subdialects of Auk?taitian now, therefore the specific subdialect spoken in Auk?taitija is known as East Auk?taitian.

The region has Russian and Belarusian minorities in the east, sub-dialects there use more loan words from those languages. However the usage of dialects, as in Lithuania in general, is decreasing.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Highlands (Auk?taitija)". Lithuania.travel. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Regions of Lithuania: What to See | True Lithuania". TrueLithuania.com. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ a b Zinkevi?ius, Zigmas. "Etnonimas auk?tai?iai am?i? b?gyje". Lituanistika.lt. ?iemgalos leidykla. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ Rowell, Stephen Christopher (1994). Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire Within East-Central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-107-65876-9. Retrieved 2021.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Auk%C5%A1taitija
 



 



 
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