Anyk%C5%A1%C4%8Diai
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Anyk%C5%A1%C4%8Diai
Anykiai
City
Anykiai Church - the tallest church in Lithuania
Anykiai Church - the tallest church in Lithuania
Coat of arms of Anykiai
Coat of arms
Anykiai is located in Lithuania
Anykiai
Anykiai
Location of Anykiai
Coordinates: 55°32?N 25°6?E / 55.533°N 25.100°E / 55.533; 25.100Coordinates: 55°32?N 25°6?E / 55.533°N 25.100°E / 55.533; 25.100
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAuk?taitija
CountyUtena County COA.png Utena County
MunicipalityAnykiai district municipality
EldershipAnykiai eldership
Capital ofAnykiai district municipality
Anykiai eldership
First mentioned1440
Granted city rights1516
Population
(2011)
 o Total10,575
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Anykiai (About this soundpronunciation ; see other names) is a ski resort town in Lithuania, 20 miles (32 kilometres) west of Utena.[1] The Roman Catholic Church of St. Matthias in Anykiai is the tallest church in Lithuania, with spires measuring 79 metres (259 feet) in height. Anykiai has a resort status in Lithuania and is a popular destination of a domestic tourism.

The city has a football club, FK Anykiai.

Name

Anykiai is the Lithuanian name of the town. Its name in other languages includes Polish: Onikszty; Russian: , romanizedOnikshty; Belarusian: , romanizedAnikshty; Yiddish: ?‎, romanizedAniksht; German: Onikschten.

History

Anykiai canopy walkway
Narrow gauge railway - Anykiai railway station

Archeological research in the area has revealed settlements dating from the late Neolithic. Anykiai were first mentioned in 1440 as a possession of Grand Duke of Lithuania Kazimieras Jogailaitis which was attributed to manage to Radvila Astikas.

Its location on the ?ventoji River, connecting it to the Baltic Sea via the Neris River and Neman River, contributed to its development. It also lay on a land route between the cities of Vilnius and Riga. Its strategic importance led to frequent assaults by the Teutonic Order. The first written mention of the town dates to 1442; its first appearance on a map is dated tentatively to about 1578.[2]

Anykiai is a place were many Lithuanian poets and writers originated from - Antanas Vienuolis, Antanas Baranauskas, Jonas Bili?nas. It is called Weimar of Lithuania for that reason. There are about 250 culturally and historically important places in Anykiai and Anykiai district - Anyki? ?ilelis, to which the poem The Forest of Anykiai of A.Baranauskas was dedicated for, Puntukas boulder, monument Beacon of Happiness, canopy walkway, horse museum, manors and old Lithuanian fort hills shrouded in mystery and legends.

Prior to Lithuania re-establishing its independence after World War I, Anykiai was part of the Kovno Governorate of the Russian Empire. A shtetl existed within the town, with a Jewish population of 2,754 in 1900.[3]

Wool processing facilities, a winery, and Lithuanian and Jewish schools were established after World War I, when its population reached about 4,000. During World War II, its bridges and city center were destroyed. In summer 1941, two mass executions of the local Jewish population occurred.[2] Around 1,500 Jews were murdered by German Nazis and their local collaborants.[4]

After the Soviet occupation, Anykiai became a center of Auk?taitija partisans. Anykiai district was the only one in Lithuania which belonged to 5 partisan military districts (apygarda) - Algimantas, Did?iosios Kovos (The Great Fight), Vytis, Vytautas and to a third district of Northern Lithuania - Auk?taitija by the Lithuanian Freedom Army. In 2014 in ?imoni? giria (The ?imoniai Forest) a cognitive route was created which leads through the places of the Algimantas military district partisan paths and places.[5]

Industry

Famous in Lithuania fruit winery Anyki? vynas, established in 1926 by Balys Karazija.

Notable natives and residents

Twin towns -- sister cities

Anykiai is twinned with:[6]

References

  1. ^ (in English) Skiing in Lithuania - Ski vacation in Lithuania
  2. ^ a b "History". Anykiai district municipality. Archived from the original on 2011-04-11. Retrieved .
  3. ^ JewishGen
  4. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Anykiai laukia besidomin?i? partizan? kovomisia ?rengtas naujas pa?intinis mar?rutas
  6. ^ "Anyki? miesto partneriai". anyksciai.lt (in Lithuanian). Anykiai. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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