Anatolia Eyalet
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Anatolia Eyalet
?
Ey?let-i Ana?ol?
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1393-1841
Flag of Anatolia Eyalet
Flag
Anatolia Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1609) Kopie.png
The Anatolia Eyalet in 1609
CapitalAnkara, Kütahya
Area
 o Coordinates39°08?38?N 28°48?29?E / 39.1438°N 28.8080°E / 39.1438; 28.8080Coordinates: 39°08?38?N 28°48?29?E / 39.1438°N 28.8080°E / 39.1438; 28.8080
History 
o Established
1393
o Disestablished
1841
Today part of Turkey

The Eyalet of Anatolia (Ottoman Turkish: ?‎; Ey?let-i Ana?ol?)[1] was one of the two core provinces (Rumelia being the other) in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. It was established in 1393.[2] Its capital was first Ankara in central Anatolia, but then moved to Kütahya in western Anatolia. Its reported area in the 19th century was 65,804 square miles (170,430 km2).[3]In the 16th century, the population was 5,455,000, of which 5,410,000 were Muslims and 45,000 were non-Muslims.[4]

The establishment of the province of Anatolia is held to have been in 1393, when Sultan Bayezid I (r. 1389-1402) appointed Kara Timurtash as beylerbey and viceroy was in Anatolia, during Bayezid's absence on campaign in Europe against Mircea I of Wallachia.[5][6] The province of Anatolia--initially termed beylerbeylik or generically vilayet ("province"), only after 1591 was the term eyalet used[6]--was the second to be formed after the Rumelia Eyalet, and ranked accordingly in the hierarchy of the provinces.[7] The first capital of the province was Ankara, but in the late 15th century it was moved to Kütahya.[7]

As part of the Tanzimat reforms, the Anatolia Eyalet was dissolved c. 1841 and divided into smaller provinces, although various scholars give conflicting dates for the dissolution, from as early as 1832 to as late as 1864.[7]

Administrative divisions

The eyalet consisted of seventeen sanjacks (liva) in 1530[8]
  1. Sanjak of Saruhan
  2. Sanjak of Kütahya
  3. Sanjak of Ayd?n
  4. Sanjak of Mente?e
  5. Sanjak of Teke
  6. Sanjak of Hamid-ili
  7. Sanjak of Karahisar-? Sahib
  8. Sanjak of Sultan-Öni
  9. Sanjak of Hüdavendigar
  10. Sanjak of Koca-ili
  11. Sanjak of Bolu
  12. Sanjak of Kastamonu
  13. Sanjak of Kank?r? (Çank?r?)
  14. Sanjak of Ankara
  15. Sanjak of Alaiyye
  16. Sanjak of Karesi
  17. Sanjak of Biga
The eyalet consisted of seventeen sanjacks (liva) in 1550-51[9]
  1. Sanjak of Saruhan
  2. Sanjak of Kütahya
  3. Sanjak of Ayd?n
  4. Sanjak of Mente?e
  5. Sanjak of Teke
  6. Sanjak of Hamid-ili
  7. Sanjak of Karahisar-? Sahib
  8. Sanjak of Sultan-Öni
  9. Sanjak of Hüdavendigar
  10. Sanjak of Koca-ili
  11. Sanjak of Bolu
  12. Sanjak of Kastamonu
  13. Sanjak of Kank?r? (Çank?r?)
  14. Sanjak of Ankara
  15. Sanjak of Alaiyye
  16. Sanjak of Karesi
  17. Sanjak of Biga
The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks in 1609:[10]
  1. Sanjak of Kütahya (Liva-i Kütahya, Pasha Sanjak? , Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Saruhan (Liva-i Saruhan Hass-? Mîr Liva, (Manisa)
  3. Sanjak of Aydin (Liva-i Ayd?n, Ayd?n)
  4. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Liva-i Hüdavendigâr, Bursa)
  5. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Liva-i Kastamonu, Kastamonu)
  6. Sanjak of Mente?e (Liva-i Mente?e, Mu?la)
  7. Sanjak of Bolu (Liva-i Bolu, Bolu)
  8. Sanjak of Ankara (Liva-i Bankara, Ankara)
  9. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Liva-i Karahisar-? Sahib, Afyonkarahisar)
  10. Sanjak of Teke (Liva-i Teke, Antalya)
  11. Sanjak of Kang?r? (Liva-i Kang?r?, Çank?r?)
  12. Sanjak of Hamid (Liva-i Hamid, Isparta)
  13. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Liva-i Sultanönü, Eski?ehir)
  14. Sanjak of Karasi (Liva-i Karasi, Bal?kesir)
The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks between 1700 and 1740:[11]
  1. Sanjak of Kütahya (Pasha Sanjak?, Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Bursa)
  3. Sanjak of Bolu (Bolu)
  4. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Kastamonu)
  5. Sanjak of Karasi (Bal?kesir)
  6. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Eski?ehir)
  7. Sanjak of Saruhan (Manisa)
  8. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Afyonkarahisar)
  9. Sanjak of Hamid (Isparta)
  10. Sanjak of Ankara (Ankara)
  11. Sanjak of Kânk?r? (Çank?r?)
  12. Sanjak of Aydin (Ayd?n)
  13. Sanjak of Teke (Antalya)
  14. Sanjak of Mente?e (Mu?la)
  15. Sanjak of Beybazar? (Beypazar?)

References

  1. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 14, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  3. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon, Volume 6, p. 698, at Google Books
  4. ^ Y?lmaz Öztuna "Ba?lang?c?ndan zaman?m?za kadar Büyük Türkiye tarihi" Volume 12, p. 12, Ötüken Yay?nevi (1977).
  5. ^ Ménage, V. L. (1986). "Beglerbeg?". The Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A-B. Leiden and New York: BRILL. pp. 1159-1160. ISBN 90-04-08114-3.
  6. ^ a b ?nalc?k, Halil (1991). "Ey?let". The Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume II: C-G. Leiden and New York: BRILL. pp. 721-724. ISBN 90-04-07026-5.
  7. ^ a b c Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German). 13. Reichert. p. 115. ISBN 9783920153568.
  8. ^ Rumeli Eyaleti. Ankara: Devlet Ar?ivleri Genel Müdürlü?ü Osmanl? Ar?ivi Daire Ba?kanl. 2013. p. 11.
  9. ^ Emecen, Feridun (1998). "Osmanl? Ta?ra Te?kilât?n?n Kaynaklar?ndan 957-958 (1550-1551) Tarihli Sancak Tevcîh Defteri (42 sayfa belge ile birlikte)". Belgeler. XIX: 53-98 – via Türk Tarih Kurumu.
  10. ^ Çetin Varl?k, Anadolu Eyaleti Kurulu?u ve Geli?mesi, Osmanl?, Cilt 6: Te?kilât, Yeni Türkiye Yay?nlar?, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 125. (in Turkish)
  11. ^ Orhan K?l?ç, XVII. Yüzy?l?n ?lk Yar?s?nda Osmanl? Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Te?kilatlanmas?, Osmanl?, Cilt 6: Te?kilât, Yeni Türkiye Yay?nlar?, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 93. (in Turkish)

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