Allied Land Command
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Allied Land Command
Allied Land Command
Coat of arms of the Allied Land Command.svg
Coat of arms
Founded1 December 2012
TypeOperational level command
RoleCommand and control of land forces
Part ofAllied Command Operations
HeadquartersGeneral Vecihi Akin Garrison, ?irinyer, ?zmir, Turkey
WebsiteOfficial website
Commanders
CommanderGeneral Darryl A. Williams (United States Army)
Deputy CommanderLieutenant General Nicola Zanelli (Italian Army)
Chief of StaffMajor General Mustafa O?uz (Turkish Land Forces)

Allied Land Command (LANDCOM) formerly Allied Land Forces South-Eastern Europe (LANDSOUTHEAST) is the standing headquarters for NATO land forces which may be assigned as necessary. The Commander LANDCOM is the primary land warfare advisor to Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) and the Alliance. When directed by SACEUR, it provides the core of the headquarters responsible for the conduct of land operations. The command is based at ?irinyer (Buca), ?zmir in Turkey.

History

NATO has had a headquarters at Izmir for decades. Initially, the body there was Allied Land Forces South-Eastern Europe (LANDSOUTHEAST), responsible to Allied Forces Southern Europe at Naples. Under this command, with its headquarters in Izmir assisted by the subordinate Thessaloniki Advanced Command Post, were to be most of the Greek and Turkish armies in case of war. LANDSOUTHEAST was commanded by a United States Army lieutenant general:[1]

In 1966 the first major change occurred when French military personnel were withdrawn from LANDSOUTHEAST, followed by the Greek withdrawal in 1974. On 30 December 1977, SHAPE and Turkish military authorities announced another change in the command structure of LANDSOUTHEAST, to be effective 1 July 1978. The command billet was to be filled by a Turkish Army four star general with a U.S. Major General as his deputy. U.S. General Sam S. Walker took command in 1977, and On 30 June 1978, General Walker handed over the command to General Vecihi Akin [tr], the first Turkish commander. General Ak?n held command until 30 August 1979.[2]

Locations of NATO's two strategic commands--Allied Command Transformation (ACT; yellow marks) and Allied Command Operations (ACO; red marks)--the latter of which has Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) as its headquarters. The subordinate centres of ACT and subordinate commands and joint force commands of ACO are also shown.

Construction of a new headquarters facility in Sirinyer, Izmir was completed in March 1994 and LANDSOUTHEAST moved into the facility in April 1994. In July 1994, two German Army officers were assigned to the command for the first time. The headquarters garrison at Sirinyer was named General Vecihi Akin Garrison in March 1996, after the first Turkish LANDSOUTHEAST Commander. Turkish Land Forces General Hüseyin K?vr?ko?lu commanded LANDSOUTHEAST from c.1993-1996, followed by Hilmi Özkök from 1996-1998.[3]

After the end of the Cold War, for a period the NATO command in Izmir became Joint Command Southeast. After a major NATO reorganisation, the previous southern air component command, Allied Air Forces Southern Europe (AIRSOUTH), in Italy, was disestablished. Thus between 11 August 2004 and 1 June 2013 the new headquarters of NATO's southern air component command, Allied Air Command ?zmir, was located at the ?zmir site.[4] The next reorganisation merged the northern and southern air component commands into the single Allied Air Command located at Ramstein Air Base in Germany under a United States Air Force general.[5]

In 2013 the 350-person headquarters took over the responsibilities of Allied Force Command Heidelberg in Germany and Allied Force Command Madrid in Spain, which are being deactivated as part of NATO's transformation.[6]

Role

The NATO Military Command Structure consists of two strategic commands, directed by the International Military Staff:[7]

The commands under SACEUR - Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum, Allied Joint Force Command Naples and Joint Force Command Norfolk are Operational Level Commands, while Headquarters Allied Air Command, Headquarters Allied Maritime Command and Headquarters Allied Land Command are Tactical Level Commands.[8] SACEUR also has operational command of the Joint Support and Enabling Command.[9]

Liaison:  Provides advice and support to the NAC


LANDCOM was created through the North Atlantic Council to ensure the interoperability of NATO land forces, and placed directly under the Supreme Allied Commander Europe to be the leading voice on land issues within the Alliance. It is responsible for providing a deployable land command for a joint operation. LANDCOM will also carry out the planning, conduct and direction of such land operations.[10] What this means is that if a single corps land operation is underway, that corps will probably report to either JFC Brunssum or JFC Naples. If multiple corps are being directed, LANDCOM will direct them for either JFC Brunssum or Naples.[11]

On 26 March 2015, Lieutenant General Ed Davis, Deputy Commander, Allied Land Command, arrived at Headquarters Multinational Corps Northeast (HQ MNC NE) to discuss the ongoing transformation of Multinational Corps Northeast.[12] "The main reason I am here is that Commander LANDCOM has given me the responsibility to lead the evolution of MNC NE and Multinational Division South-East as the two new NATO command organisations which are going to be at the centre of the evolution of the NATO Land Forces," said Lieutenant General Davis.[12]

Romania is leading the process of creating Multinational Division South-East, which will be established in Bucharest, Romania, in 2015-16.[13] The division in Bucharest will be subordinate to the NATO Force Integration Unit also to be established there. The division will reach partial/initial operational capacity in 2016 and Full operational capability (FOC) in 2018.[14]

List of commanders

Since August 2022, the Commanding General, United States Army Europe and Africa has been dual-hatted as Commander, Allied Land Command.[15]

No. Portrait Supreme Allied Commander Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
Frederick B. Hodges III
Hodges, FrederickLieutenant General
Frederick B. Hodges III
(born 1958)
1 December 201223 October 20141 year, 326 days United States Army
2
John W. Nicholson Jr.
Nicholson, JohnLieutenant General
John W. Nicholson Jr.
(born 1957)
23 October 201424 June 20161 year, 245 days United States Army
3
Darryl A. Williams
Williams, DarrylLieutenant General
Darryl A. Williams
(born 1961)
24 June 201629 June 20182 years, 5 days United States Army
-
Paolo Ruggiero
Ruggiero, PaoloLieutenant General
Paolo Ruggiero
(born 1957)
Acting
[a]
29 June 20183 August 201835 days Italian Army
4
John C. Thomson III
Thomson, JohnLieutenant General
John C. Thomson III
3 August 20184 August 20202 years, 1 day United States Army
5
Roger L. Cloutier Jr.
Cloutier, RogerLieutenant General
Roger L. Cloutier Jr.
4 August 20204 August 20222 years, 0 days United States Army
(3)
Darryl A. Williams
Williams, DarrylGeneral
Darryl A. Williams
(born 1961)
4 August 2022Incumbent48 days United States Army

Notes

  1. ^ as Deputy Commander, Allied Land Command

References

  1. ^ "Willard G. Wyman". Generals.dk. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Allied Land Command: History". NATO. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "General Hilmi Ozkok". Who is who at NATO?. NATO. 2002-10-07. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Previous commands". JFC Naples. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "History of the NATO AIRCOMs at Ramstein Air Base". NATO. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ Vandiver, John (30 November 2012). "NATO Activates Allied Land Command". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Command Structure" (PDF). NATO. Retrieved 2019. and "Military Command Structure". shape.nato.int. Supreme Head Allied Powers Europe. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE". shape.nato.int. NATO. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Boeke, Sergei (13 January 2020). "Creating a secure and functional rear area : NATO's new JSEC Headquarters". nato.int. NATO. Retrieved 2020. JSEC is part of the NATO Force Structure and under the operational command of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).
  10. ^ "Structure". NATO. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ The Jane's Interview, JDW 17 July 2015
  12. ^ a b "Guiding us to High Readiness". Mncne.pl. 2015-03-27. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Interview with Lt Gen Hodges
  14. ^ de Mihai Diac. "Comandamentele NATO din România încep s? prind? contur | Romania Libera". Romanialibera.ro. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Andries, Brian (4 August 2022). "NATO Allied Land Command Welcomes New Commander". DVIDS. Buca: NATO - Allied Land Command. Retrieved 2022.

Further reading

  • John O. Iatrides, 'Failed Rampart: NATO's Balkan Front,' in Mary Ann Heiss (Editor), S Victor Papacosma (Editor), NATO and the Warsaw Pact: Intrabloc Conflicts, Kent State University Press, 2008
  • Dionysios Chourchoulis, The Southern Flank of NATO, 1951-1959: Military Strategy or Political Stabilization (Google eBook), Lexington Books, 18/12/2014
  • Yiannis P. Roubatis, Tangled Webs (LANDSOUTHEAST was responsible for the land defence of Greece for a period through an advanced HQ in Thessaloniki)
  • Simon Duke, Wolfgang Krieger, U.S. Military Forces in Europe: The Early Years, 1945-1970, Westview Special Studies in International Security, Westview Press, 1993

External links

Coordinates: 38°23?25?N 27°08?32?E / 38.3903°N 27.1422°E / 38.3903; 27.1422


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