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Hadith compiler of Abbasid period
Sulaym?n ibn al-Ash'ath ibn Isq al-Azd?, Ab? D?w?d (D?'?d) al-Sijist?n?
Abu Dawud's name in the style of Arabic calligraphy
Ab? D?'?d was born in Sistan and died in 889 in Basra. He traveled widely collecting ?ad?th (traditions) from scholars in Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Nishapur, and Merv among other places. His focus on legal ?ad?th arose from a particular interest in fiqh (law). His collection included 4,800 ?ad?th, selected from some 500,000. His son, Ab? Bakr 'Abd All?h ibn Ab? D?'?d (died 928/929), was a well known fi? and author of Kit?b al-Mas?b?h, whose famous pupil was Ab? 'Abd All?h al-Marzub?n?.
School of thought and Quotes
Imam Abu Dawud was a follower of Hanbali although some have consider him Shafi.
Imam Abu Dawud himself has stated: "From this book of mine four (4) Hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person. They are:
Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him.
None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself.
The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion."
Principal among his twenty-one works:
Sunan Abu D?w?d; contains 4,800 hadith – mostly sahih (authenticated), some marked ?af (unauthenticated) – usually numbered after the edition of Muhammad Muhyi al-Din `Abd al-Hamid (Cairo: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935), where 5,274 are distinguished. Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani), and some others, believe a number of the unmarked hadith are ?af.
^ abFrye, R. N.; Fisher, William Bayne; Frye, Richard Nelson; Avery, Peter; Boyle, John Andrew; Gershevitch, Ilya; Jackson, Peter (1975-06-26). The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press. p. 471. ISBN978-0-521-20093-6. Abu Da'ud Sulaiman b. Ash'ath al-Sijistani, a Persian but of Arab descent, who died in 275/888-9.
^Al-Bastaw?, ?Abd al-?Al?m ?Abd al-?Am (1990). Al-Im?m al-J?zaj?n? wa-manhajuhu fi al-jar? wa-al-ta?d?l. Maktabat D?r al-?aw?. p. 9.