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Ab%C5%AB D%C4%81%CA%BC%C5%ABd
Sulaym?n ibn al-Ash'ath ibn Isq al-Azd?, Ab? D?w?d (D?'?d) al-Sijist?n?
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Abu Dawud's name in the style of Arabic calligraphy
Personal
Born817-18 CE / 202 AH
Died889 CE / 275 AH
Basra, Abbasid Caliphate
ReligionIslam
Ethnicitya Persian but of Arab descent[1]
EraIslamic golden age
(Abbasid era)
DenominationSunni
SchoolHanbali
Main interest(s)?ad?th and fiqh
Notable work(s)Sunan Ab? D?w?d
Occupationmuhaddith
Muslim leader
Influenced

Ab? D?w?d (D?'?d) Sulaym?n ibn al-Ash'ath ibn Isq al-Azd? al-Sijist?n? (Arabic: ? ‎), commonly known simply as Ab? D?w?d al-Sijist?n?, was a scholar of prophetic hadith who compiled the third of the six "canonical" hadith collections recognized by Sunni Muslims, the Sunan Abu D?w?d. He was a Persian of Arab descent.[1]

Biography

Ab? D?'?d was born in Sistan and died in 889 in Basra. He traveled widely collecting ?ad?th (traditions) from scholars in Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Hijaz, Tihamah, Nishapur, and Merv among other places. His focus on legal ?ad?th arose from a particular interest in fiqh (law). His collection included 4,800 ?ad?th, selected from some 500,000. His son, Ab? Bakr 'Abd All?h ibn Ab? D?'?d (died 928/929), was a well known fi? and author of Kit?b al-Mas?b?h, whose famous pupil was Ab? 'Abd All?h al-Marzub?n?.[3][4]

School of thought and Quotes

Imam Abu Dawud was a follower of Hanbali although some have consider him Shafi.[5]

Imam Abu Dawud himself has stated: "From this book of mine four (4) Hadith are sufficient for an intelligent and insightful person.[6] They are:

  • Deeds are to be judged only by intentions.[7]
  • Part of a man's good observance of Islam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him.
  • None of you can be a believer unless you love for your brother that which you love for yourself.
  • The permitted (halal) is clear, and the forbidden (haram) is clear, between these two are doubtful matters. Whosoever abstains from these doubtful matters has saved his religion."

Works

Principal among his twenty-one works:

  • Sunan Abu D?w?d; contains 4,800 hadith – mostly sahih (authenticated), some marked ?af (unauthenticated) – usually numbered after the edition of Muhammad Muhyi al-Din `Abd al-Hamid (Cairo: Matba`at Mustafa Muhammad, 1354/1935), where 5,274 are distinguished. Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani), and some others, believe a number of the unmarked hadith are ?af.
  • Kitab al-Mar?s?l, lists 600 extensively investigated sahih mursal hadith.
  • Ris?lat Abu D?w?d il? Ahli Makkah; letter to the people of Makkah describing his Sunan Abu D?w?d.[8]
  • Kit?b al-Mas?hif, catalogs non-Uthmanic variants of the Qur'an text

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Frye, R. N.; Fisher, William Bayne; Frye, Richard Nelson; Avery, Peter; Boyle, John Andrew; Gershevitch, Ilya; Jackson, Peter (1975-06-26). The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press. p. 471. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6. Abu Da'ud Sulaiman b. Ash'ath al-Sijistani, a Persian but of Arab descent, who died in 275/888-9.
  2. ^ Al-Bastaw?, ?Abd al-?Al?m ?Abd al-?Am (1990). Al-Im?m al-J?zaj?n? wa-manhajuhu fi al-jar? wa-al-ta?d?l. Maktabat D?r al-?aw?. p. 9.
  3. ^ Nad?m (al) 1970, pp. 164-6.
  4. ^ Khallik?n (Ibn) 1843, p. 590, I.
  5. ^ http://www.islamicencyclopedia.org/islamic-pedia-topic.php?id=54
  6. ^ "Imam Abu Dawud". www.sunnah.org. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Shahih Al Bukhari, Imam Al Bukthari, Vol.1 Book 1 Hadith 1
  8. ^ "Translation of the Ris?lah by Ab? D?w?d". Archived from the original on August 19, 2009.

Bibliography

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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