2009 Major League Baseball Season
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2009 Major League Baseball Season

2009 MLB season
LeagueMajor League Baseball
DurationApril 5 - November 4, 2009
Number of games162
Number of teams30
TV partner(s)Fox, TBS, ESPN, MLB Network
Top draft pickStephen Strasburg
Picked byWashington Nationals
Regular Season
Season MVPAL: Joe Mauer (MIN)
NL: Albert Pujols (STL)
League Postseason
AL championsNew York Yankees
  AL runners-upLos Angeles Angels
NL championsPhiladelphia Phillies
  NL runners-upLos Angeles Dodgers
World Series
ChampionsNew York Yankees
  Runners-upPhiladelphia Phillies
World Series MVPHideki Matsui (NYY)
MLB seasons

The 2009 Major League Baseball season began on April 5, 2009; the regular season was extended two days for a one-game playoff between the Detroit Tigers and the Minnesota Twins to decide the American League Central Division champion. The postseason began the next day with the Division Series. The World Series began on October 28, and ended on November 4, with the New York Yankees defeating the Philadelphia Phillies in six games. This was the second time the season was completed in November. The only other occasion was the 2001 World Series, because of the delaying of the end of that season due to the September 11 attacks as November baseball would be guaranteed when Game 4 was played on Sunday, November 1. Had the 2009 World Series gone the full seven games, Game 7 would've been played on November 5, the latest date ever scheduled for a World Series game. American League champion had home field advantage for the World Series by virtue of winning the All-Star Game on July 14 at Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Missouri, 4-3. In addition, the annual Civil Rights Game became a regular season game, and was played June 20 at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati, Ohio, when the host Cincinnati Reds lost to the Chicago White Sox in an interleague game, 10-8. Both teams wore replicas of their 1965 uniforms in the contest.




  Division Series
League Championship Series
World Series
  1 NY Yankees 3  
3 Minnesota 0  
  1 NY Yankees 4  
American League
  2 LA Angels 2  
2 LA Angels 3
  4 Boston 0  
    AL1 NY Yankees 4
  NL2 Philadelphia 2
  1 LA Dodgers 3  
3 St. Louis 0  
  1 LA Dodgers 1
National League
  2 Philadelphia 4  
2 Philadelphia 3
  4 Colorado 1  

Note: Two teams in the same division could not meet in the division series.

League leaders

American League

National League

Managing changes

General managers

The Seattle Mariners named Milwaukee Brewers scouting director Jack Zduriencik its new general manager on October 22, replacing interim GM Lee Pelekoudas.

Washington Nationals GM Jim Bowden resigned on March 1 amid allegations that he was skimming bonus money from Latin American players. Team president Stan Kasten first took over the bulk of his duties before transferring them to assistant GM Mike Rizzo, who had served as acting GM, and was named as the full-time general manager on August 20.

During the last days of the regular season, two teams fired their general managers, effective at the end of the season. On October 3, the Toronto Blue Jays fired J. P. Ricciardi after eight seasons. The following day, the San Diego Padres axed Kevin Towers, who had been the longest-tenured GM in Major League Baseball at 14 seasons.

Field managers

Off-season changes

Two teams announced new managers in the offseason:

Date Team New manager Replaced Former job
October 30, 2008 Milwaukee Brewers Ken Macha Dale Sveum Macha was a former manager of the Oakland Athletics, and served as a part-time anaylist for NESN.
November 19, 2008 Seattle Mariners Don Wakamatsu Jim Riggleman Wakamatsu, the first Major League Baseball manager of Asian descent, was the Athletics' bench coach.

Cito Gaston and Jerry Manuel both entered their first full season as managers of the Toronto Blue Jays and New York Mets, respectively, after taking over for managers dismissed in the middle of the 2008 season. Gaston had previously been the Blue Jays' manager from 1989 until 1997.

In-season changes

Date Team Former manager Replacement Previous Job
May 8 Arizona Diamondbacks Bob Melvin A. J. Hinch Vice president of player development
May 29 Colorado Rockies Clint Hurdle Jim Tracy Bench coach
July 13 Washington Nationals Manny Acta Jim Riggleman Bench coach
September 20 Houston Astros Cecil Cooper Dave Clark Third base coach

Rule changes

On January 15, the owners of the 30 Major League Baseball clubs approved two rule changes governing the playing of postseason and one-game playoff games.

  • All "postseason games and games added to the regular season to determine qualifiers for the postseason" become suspended games if they are called before nine innings are played, regardless of whether the game would otherwise qualify as an official game, or the score at the time the game is called. The game is resumed when conditions permit at the same location from the point of suspension. This rule change codifies the controversial interpretation of the official rules made by MLB commissioner Bud Selig during Game 5 of the 2008 World Series.[1]
  • Coin tosses will no longer be used to determine home-field advantage for one-game tiebreakers held to determine division champions or wild card teams. Instead, "performance-based criteria"--including head-to-head record between the tied clubs--will be used to determine home-field advantage.[1] This came into play for the first time when the Detroit Tigers and the Minnesota Twins tied for the lead of the American League Central at the end of the regular season (October 4); the one-game playoff was played on October 6 at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome as the Twins won the season series, 11 games to 7. The game could not be played on October 5 because of a scheduling conflict with the Minnesota Vikings, who hosted the Green Bay Packers on Monday Night Football that night.



Randy Johnson's 300th career win on June 4, 2009.

New stadiums

Opening Night at Citi Field on April 13, 2009
Four F-16s Fly Over the new Yankee Stadium on its Opening Day on April 16, 2009

The 2009 season marked the opening of two new stadiums, both in New York City; Citi Field for the Mets and the new Yankee Stadium for the Yankees. They respectively replaced Shea Stadium (which was dismantled during the 2008-09 offseason) and the original Yankee Stadium (which became a public park after its demolition). Because of the smaller seating capacities in these new parks, Dodger Stadium is now the largest capacity park in use with 56,000 seats, and is also the third oldest ballpark in Major League Baseball behind Fenway Park and Wrigley Field. Citi Field opened with a night game on April 13 as the Mets hosted the San Diego Padres losing 6-5. In that game, Jody Gerut of the Padres became the first player in major league history to open a new ballpark with a leadoff homer.[3] Three days later, the Cleveland Indians inaugurated New Yankee Stadium against the Bronx Bombers. The Indians won 10-2. On Jackie Robinson Day (April 15), a rotunda at Citi Field was named in honor of Jackie Robinson and was dedicated prior to the Mets-Padres game that day.

The 2009 season also marked the final season of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome as the home for the Minnesota Twins, where they had played since 1982. In 2010, the team moved to Target Field, their new baseball-only stadium located a short distance across town. Previously, since moving from Washington, D.C. in 1961, the franchise has shared, first Metropolitan Stadium, and then the Metrodome with the NFL's Minnesota Vikings; they also shared tenant rights at the Metrodome with the University of Minnesota's football team. The Golden Gophers started to play on-campus at TCF Bank Stadium in 2009. The Metrodome's last scheduled regular season game was to be played on Sunday, October 4, 2009, but the Twins tied the Detroit Tigers necessitating a one-game playoff between the two teams on October 6.

While not a new stadium, Kansas City's Kauffman Stadium completed a two-year renovation. The first year saw a new video board dubbed "Crown Vision" and refitting of several sections. Improvements for 2009 include a new glass and brick facade to the exterior of the ballpark, newly expanded team Hall of Fame, a new sports bar/restaurant, improved sightlines, new luxury suites and refurbished press and radio/TV facilities to name a few.

In late March, the Florida Marlins had their funding for a new stadium at the former site of the Miami Orange Bowl approved by Miami-Dade County commissioners. Groundbreaking ceremonies were held on July 18, with an opening by 2012, at which time the team will be renamed the Miami Marlins.


Player of the Month

Pitcher of the Month

Rookie of the Month

Other Awards

Home Field Attendance & Payroll

Team Name Wins Home attendance Per Game Est. Payroll
Los Angeles Dodgers[4] 95 13.1% 3,761,655 0.8% 46,440 $102,117,592 -13.9%
New York Yankees[5] 103 15.7% 3,719,358 -13.5% 45,918 $210,330,039 -0.9%
Philadelphia Phillies[6] 93 1.1% 3,600,693 5.2% 44,453 $115,479,046 18.0%
St. Louis Cardinals[7] 91 5.8% 3,343,252 -2.6% 41,275 $90,928,409 -8.7%
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim[8] 97 -3.0% 3,240,386 -2.9% 40,005 $118,169,000 -0.9%
Chicago Cubs[9] 83 -14.4% 3,168,859 -4.0% 39,611 $139,652,000 16.0%
New York Mets[10] 70 -21.3% 3,168,571 -21.6% 39,118 $151,994,237 10.3%
Boston Red Sox[11] 95 0.0% 3,062,699 0.5% 37,811 $125,439,499 -6.0%
Milwaukee Brewers[12] 80 -11.1% 3,037,451 -1.0% 37,499 $81,384,502 0.6%
San Francisco Giants[13] 88 22.2% 2,862,110 -0.1% 35,335 $91,944,450 20.0%
Colorado Rockies[14] 92 24.3% 2,665,080 0.6% 32,902 $79,250,200 15.4%
Detroit Tigers[15] 86 16.2% 2,567,165 -19.8% 31,693 $119,510,145 -13.9%
Houston Astros[16] 74 -14.0% 2,521,076 -9.3% 31,124 $105,804,414 20.3%
Minnesota Twins[17] 87 -1.1% 2,416,237 4.9% 29,466 $67,804,266 19.1%
Atlanta Braves[18] 86 19.4% 2,373,631 -6.3% 29,304 $99,593,166 -2.7%
Chicago White Sox[19] 79 -11.2% 2,284,163 -8.7% 28,200 $101,081,000 -16.6%
Seattle Mariners[20] 85 39.3% 2,195,533 -5.8% 27,105 $100,134,166 -14.9%
Texas Rangers[21] 87 10.1% 2,156,016 10.8% 26,617 $79,723,548 17.2%
Arizona Diamondbacks[22] 70 -14.6% 2,128,765 -15.2% 26,281 $75,920,666 14.7%
San Diego Padres[23] 75 19.0% 1,919,603 -20.9% 23,699 $50,954,200 -30.8%
Baltimore Orioles[24] 64 -5.9% 1,907,163 -2.2% 23,545 $69,904,166 4.0%
Toronto Blue Jays[25] 75 -12.8% 1,876,129 -21.8% 23,162 $83,964,500 -14.1%
Tampa Bay Rays[26] 84 -13.4% 1,874,962 3.5% 23,148 $67,270,334 49.6%
Washington Nationals[27] 59 0.0% 1,817,226 -21.7% 22,435 $64,384,000 17.1%
Kansas City Royals[28] 65 -13.3% 1,797,891 13.9% 22,196 $76,817,333 29.2%
Cleveland Indians[29] 65 -19.8% 1,766,242 -18.6% 21,805 $85,224,866 7.9%
Cincinnati Reds[30] 78 5.4% 1,747,919 -15.1% 21,579 $78,979,000 6.5%
Pittsburgh Pirates[31] 62 -7.5% 1,577,853 -1.9% 19,480 $51,912,500 6.6%
Florida Marlins[32] 87 3.6% 1,464,109 9.7% 18,075 $40,029,000 83.5%
Oakland Athletics[6] 75 0.0% 1,408,783 -15.4% 17,392 $65,945,000 37.5%



This would have marked the first full season in the US for baseball games to be telecast as the transition from analog to digital television that was to have been made on February 17. However, the transition took place June 12.

A new entrant in the baseball television rights marketplace debuted on January 1 when the MLB Network, owned by Major League Baseball, joined Fox, ESPN and TBS not only televising games, but also other baseball-related programming from their studio in Secaucus, New Jersey, formerly the studios of MSNBC. MLB was the last of the four major team sports to start its own television channel. The national telecast breakdown, along with the maximum number of appearances per team, is:

  • FOX: Saturday afternoon Game of the Week on a regional basis; eight appearances per team. In addition, the network will broadcast the All-Star Game, ALCS, and World Series. The network started their telecasts on Saturdays at 4 PM US ET/1 PM US PT, except for three dates (April 18, and May 2 and 9) to adjust for NASCAR coverage, when those programs began at 3:30 PM ET/12:30 PM PT.
  • ESPN/ESPN2: Sunday Night Baseball on a weekly basis; five appearances per team. In addition, there are games on Monday and Wednesday nights (with the Monday games moving to either Wednesday nights to form a doubleheader or Friday nights when the 2009 NFL season begins), Opening Day games on April 6, and the Home Run Derby on July 13.
  • TBS: Sunday afternoon games starting on April 12; 13 appearances per team. In addition, the network carried the announcement of the All-Star Teams in the National and American Leagues on July 5 as well as the Division Series and the NLCS as per the alternating contract with FOX.
  • MLB Network: The network carries a weekly Thursday Night Game of the Week and Saturday Night Game of the Week. Thursday Night games were produced in-house, while Saturday Night games (except for the Civil Rights Game) usually came off the home team's video production. Blackouts applied here, as viewers in the competing team's markets were telecast an alternate game off the home team feed of selected teams.

In Canada, Toronto Blue Jays games will be televised on Rogers Sportsnet and TSN. RSN also holds the Canadian rights to air the Fox and ESPN/ESPN2 games if they do not conflict with Blue Jays games, as well as the All-Star Game and the entire postseason.

In Australia free to air channel One HD shows up to 5 games live per week, and European channel ESPN America broadcasts games as well.


ESPN Radio served as MLB's national radio network, broadcasting Sunday Night Baseball as well as selected Saturday and holiday games during the regular season, the Home Run Derby and All-Star Game, and all postseason series.

Uniforms, patches, and caps


As stated earlier, the Mets and Yankees wore patches commemorating the inaugural seasons of their new parks, the Twins wore patches commemorating their final season at the Metrodome, and the Cardinals, hosting the All-Star Game, wore a patch to celebrate that event.

Other teams' memorials and accomplishments on their sleeves:

  • On July 4, all teams remembered the 70th anniversary of Lou Gehrig's farewell speech with a patch representing 4?ALS charities.[33]
  • The Cleveland Indians memorialized the life of former pitcher and announcer Herb Score by wearing a patch with his number (27), a microphone and the name "HERB" on the right sleeve of all uniforms.
The Phillies' patch honoring Harry Kalas
  • The Houston Astros wore patches commemorating the 10th season of baseball at Minute Maid Park.
  • The Kansas City Royals wore patches commemorating the 40th anniversary of the founding of their team.
  • The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim added patches to all jerseys (excluding the sleeveless ones) which incorporates the words "Angels Baseball", the team logo, and 1961, the year the team was founded.
    • To honor long-time coach and scout Preston Gómez, who died in the offseason, a patch was added to the right sleeve of a black diamond with the word "Preston" on it.
    • After the death of Nick Adenhart, a rookie starting pitcher who was killed in a DUI hit-and-run following his first start of the season, a black patch with his name and number (34) was added above the left breast of the team's uniform.
  • The Twins also commemorated the passing of team owner Carl Pohlad, who died on January 5 with his signature on a black oval trimmed in silver.
  • The Oakland Athletics paid tribute to the Oakland Police Department--which had four of its officers killed and another injured in a shootout on March 21, 2009--with black "OPD" patches on their home uniforms.[34]
  • The Philadelphia Phillies donned a black circular patch with the letters "HK" that was added to all uniforms over the player's heart as a tribute to Harry Kalas, who died on April 13 at Nationals Park in Washington, D.C.[35] In addition, the team wore a patch commemorating their win in the 2008 World Series until August 7 on their home uniforms.
  • The San Diego Padres wore patches commemorating the 40th anniversary of the founding of their team.
  • After the death of principal owner Sue Burns, the San Francisco Giants began wearing patches with the name "BURNS" on the right sleeves of their uniforms.
  • The Toronto Blue Jays remembered the passing of Ted Rogers, the communications magnate and former owner of the club who died in December, with a tribute on their uniforms consisting the name "TED" on a red box. In addition, the team added a Canadian maple leaf patch on all uniforms.


  • The Baltimore Orioles unveiled new uniforms, including the return of the city name on the road uniforms for the first time since 1972, a new patch which incorporates the Maryland state flag, and a new logo featuring a revamped version of the ornithologically correct Oriole.
  • The Boston Red Sox went slightly retro, with the return of navy blue as the predominant road uniform lettering color, and the addition of an alternate hat featuring the modified "hanging socks" logo and navy blue road alternate jersey.
  • The Chicago Cubs wore only a single version of their cap. They stopped wearing their road cap (which had a red bill) and wore their former home cap (all blue with a red C) for all games. This change was also reflected on the batting helmets.
  • The Minnesota Twins celebrated the final season of the Metrodome by wearing a modernized retro 1982 uniform with buttons and belts instead of the pullover and knit-in belts for Saturday games and their home opener April 6 against the Mariners, and retired their navy road alternate jerseys.
  • The New York Mets retired their black alternate road jersey with "NEW YORK" printed across the front. The black alternate home jersey with "Mets" printed across the front is now worn on the road as well.
  • The Philadelphia Phillies wore an additional gold trim on their Opening Night game April 5, and added an alternate batting helmet for their alternate home uniforms.
  • The Pittsburgh Pirates made jerseys with sleeves on their primary uniforms both home and away, and added a new black alternate with a Pirates' "P" on the left upper chest. The team has also changed their cap to place white outer trim around the "P".
  • The Tampa Bay Rays added an alternate jersey in navy with light blue soutache around the placket and sleeve ends.
  • The Texas Rangers dropped the team name from all uniforms in favor of their state name, and added a red alternate jersey and cap. Also, the letters and numbers on the jersey backs have been changed to match the "TEXAS" lettering on the front.
  • The Washington Nationals made some minor changes to their uniforms, and now use red as their predominant color. The home and primary alternate jerseys have been modified, a new navy alternate to be worn several times a year with a stars and stripes "DC" along with a new hat, changing the front of their red alternates from "DC" (with a corresponding red cap) to the primary script "W" (worn with their regular home red cap), and the road uniform now bears a fancy script "Washington" akin to the style worn by the Senators in the 1950s and 1960s, and their old incarnation, the Montreal Expos.

Turn Back The Clock

The Pittsburgh Pirates, Detroit Tigers, Oakland Athletics and Chicago White Sox led the Majors in wearing throwback uniforms. On May 2 at Safeco Field, the Athletics and Seattle Mariners honored 1939 by wearing special uniforms. The Mariners honored the Seattle Rainiers and the Oakland Athletics honored the Oakland Oaks from that season. Both teams played in the Pacific Coast League that season. The A's then wore a 1980s styled uniform in St. Petersburg on July 11 against the Tampa Bay Rays, who wore uniforms from their inaugural season of 1998 when they were known as the "Devil Rays". Finally, On August 16, the Athletics and White Sox used vintage throwbacks. The A's wore uniforms from their Philadelphia period, with blue caps and a large A on the front of their jerseys. The White Sox wore their jerseys with a large S with a lowercase O in the top loop and a lowercase X in the bottom loop.[36]

On June 14, the Tigers and Pirates wore throwback uniforms to commemorate the 100th anniversary of both Forbes Field and the 1909 World Series between the two teams. That game also featured a throwback atmosphere: no music or flashy graphics, no mascots (meaning no Jolly Roger or Pirate Parrot), and a hand-operated scoreboard. One modern item occurred in the pre-game: The Stanley Cup champion Pittsburgh Penguins made a surprise visit and brought the trophy with them. The Pirates and the Kansas City Royals also honored the Negro leagues on June 26 and 27 with the Pirates wearing the Homestead Grays uniforms and the Royals donning Kansas City Monarchs replicas. The Pirates and the Cincinnati Reds recreated their 1979 National League Championship Series uniforms on August 21 as part of the Buccos' 30th anniversary celebration of their World Series championship. The Bucs wore their gold pillbox hat with a gold jersey and black pants, a faux pas from the uniforms that season as a black cap was worn that year with the gold jersey.

In addition to the aforementioned Civil Rights Game and game in Oakland, the White Sox, originators of the genre of replica throwback uniforms, commemorated the fiftieth anniversary of their 1959 American League Championship on June 25 against the team that they played in that World Series, the Los Angeles Dodgers, who opted to wear their regular uniforms instead, as manager Joe Torre did not want to create hype of a World Series that was 50 years ago.

The Tigers and the Cleveland Indians played in Negro league replicas twice, with the Tigers in Detroit Stars uniforms, and the Indians outfitted in Cleveland Buckeyes replicas. In a "home-and-home" style series, the Tigers hosting the Tribe July 11 at Comerica Park, with the Tigers in 1920 Stars uniforms and the Indians in the 1948 Buckeyes road grays, while the Indians played host August 1 at Progressive Field seeing Cleveland wearing Buckeyes home whites and the Tigers in the gray Stars uniform.

  • For their series against the San Francisco Giants beginning on August 14, the New York Mets wore cream-colored jerseys featuring an oversized blue "NY" on the front and a Mr. Met patch on the right sleeve. The throwback uniforms are similar to the ones the Giants wore in the early 20th century when they played at the Polo Grounds, where the Mets played their first two seasons.[37]
  • On September 5 against the Rangers, the Orioles paid homage to the Baltimore Elite Giants by wearing replicas of their uniforms from 1949.


  • Once again during major American holidays and the September 11 weekend, all teams wore a cap with the cap logo in a stars and stripes motif (with the exception of the Toronto Blue Jays, whose cap logo is rendered in a maple leaf motif). The Cleveland Indians stars and stripes cap features a "C" instead of Chief Wahoo, since the Native American caricature emblazoned in stars and stripes caused some controversy when it debuted in 2008.[38] As was the case in 2008, the proceeds from the sales of authentic caps will go to the Welcome Back Vets fund. The 2009 models are red as opposed to the navy blue caps from the previous season.
  • For the home opener for the Pirates vs the Astros, the Pirates wore the caps of the Pittsburgh Police Department (PPD) which had lost three officers and had two injured in a shootout on April 4, 2009. The Astros had them on before the game.

See also


  1. ^ a b Ownership approves two major rules amendments Major League Baseball Official Press Release
  2. ^ Justin Kubatko (August 27, 2009). "1000+ Hits for Multiple Teams » Baseball-Reference Blog » Blog Archive". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ Gagne, Matt (April 14, 2009). "Padres' Jody Gerut opens Citi Field with a bang, homering on third pitch". Daily News. Retrieved 2009.
  4. ^ "Los Angeles Dodgers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "New York Yankees Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Oakland Athletics Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "Los Angeles Angels Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ "Chicago Cubs Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "New York Mets Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Boston Red Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ "Milwaukee Brewers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ "San Francisco Giants Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "Colorado Rockies Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "Detroit Tigers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ "Minnesota Twins Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  18. ^ "Atlanta Braves Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  19. ^ "Chicago White Sox Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ "Seattle Mariners Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  21. ^ "Texas Rangers Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  22. ^ "Arizona Diamondbacks Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ "San Diego Padres Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  24. ^ "Baltimore Orioles Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  25. ^ "Toronto Blue Jays Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  26. ^ "Tampa Bay Rays Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ "Washington Nationals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ "Kansas City Royals Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  29. ^ "Cleveland Indians Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  30. ^ "Cincinnati Reds Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  31. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  32. ^ "Florida Marlins Attendance, Stadiums and Park Factors". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ MLB 4?ALS site
  34. ^ Urban, Mychael (April 8, 2009). "A's to honor slain OPD officers". Oakland Athletics official website. Retrieved 2009.
  35. ^ Martino, Andy; Salisbury, Jim (April 15, 2009). "Kalas' son recalls final meeting". Philly.com. Archived from the original on July 30, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  36. ^ "White Sox's lineup Sunday vs. Oakland, turn-back-the-clock uniforms". Chicago Tribune. August 16, 2009.
  37. ^ "Mets to wear New York throwback uniforms to honor National League Heritage August 14-16 at Citi field | mets.com: Official Info". Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  38. ^ "MLB pulls Chief Wahoo off Cleveland's 2009 Stars". Yahoo! Sports.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes