The 2005 FIA Formula One World Championship was the 59th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 56th FIA Formula One World Championship, contested over a then-record 19 Grands Prix. It commenced on 6 March 2005 and ended 16 October.
Fernando Alonso and the Renault team won the World Drivers' and World Constructors' championships, ending five years of dominance by Michael Schumacher and Ferrari since 2000. Alonso's success made him the youngest champion in the history of the sport, a title he held until Lewis Hamilton's 2008 title success. Renault's win was their first as a constructor. Alonso started the season off strongly, winning three of the first four races and his title success was in little doubt. He sealed the title in Brazil with two races left after a controlled third-place finish.
Alonso and Renault had to contend with the pace of the resurgent McLaren team with lead driver Kimi Räikkönen outshining teammate Juan Pablo Montoya, who came highly regarded from his time at Williams. Räikkönen won seven races like Alonso but would have won more if not for a series of reliability issues, resulting in qualifying engine change penalties and retirements from the lead on three occasions. Nevertheless, Räikkönen grabbed the headlines winning from near the back of the grid in Japan, passing Alonso's Renault teammate Giancarlo Fisichella on the final lap. Reigning champions Michael Schumacher and Ferrari had a poor season by their standards, with Bridgestone unable to compete with Michelin after the tyre-change ban that only affected the 2005 season. Their only win came when Michelin deemed their own tyres unsafe after several incidents in the oval turn at Indianapolis. As a result, only the six Bridgestone cars took part. Schumacher just held on for third in the Drivers' Championship, in spite of the superior pace of McLaren, underlining the disappointing season Montoya had. The Colombian missed two races early on due to a tennis injury. He then won three races, showing glimpses of pace, but was well beaten by his teammate Räikkönen in the championship.
The 2005 season was the last before the Minardi, BAR and Jordan teams were taken over by new owners and changed names to Toro Rosso, Honda, and Midland respectively in the 2006 season. The former Jaguar team was sold from Ford to Red Bull GmbH and made its debut as Red Bull Racing during the 2005 season.
|Entrant||Constructor||Chassis||Engine+||Tyre||No.||Driver||Rounds||No.||Free Practice driver(s)|
|Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro||Ferrari||F2004M
|Lucky Strike BAR Honda||BAR-Honda||007||Honda RA005E||M||3||Jenson Button||1-4, 7-19||N/A|
|4||Takuma Sato||1-4, 7-19|
|Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||Renault||R25||Renault RS25||M||5||Fernando Alonso||All||N/A|
|BMW WilliamsF1 Team||Williams-BMW||FW27||BMW P84/5||M||7||Mark Webber||All||N/A|
|Team McLaren Mercedes[note 1]||McLaren-Mercedes||MP4-20||Mercedes FO110R||M||9||Kimi Räikkönen||All||35|
|Pedro de la Rosa||3|
|Sauber Petronas||Sauber-Petronas||C24||Petronas 05A||M||11||Jacques Villeneuve||All||N/A|
|Red Bull Racing[note 2]||Red Bull-Cosworth||RB1||Cosworth TJ2005||M||14||David Coulthard||All||37|| Vitantonio Liuzzi|
|15||Christian Klien||1-3, 8-19|
|Panasonic Toyota Racing||Toyota||TF105
|Toyota RVX-05||M||16||Jarno Trulli||All||38|| Ricardo Zonta|
|Jordan Grand Prix||Jordan-Toyota||EJ15
|Toyota RVX-05||B||18||Tiago Monteiro||All||39|| Robert Doornbos[note 3]|
|Minardi F1 Team||Minardi-Cosworth||PS04B
|B||20||Patrick Friesacher||1-11||40|| Chanoch Nissany|
|Robert Doornbos[note 3]||12-19|
The 2005 Formula One calendar featured one new event, the Turkish Grand Prix.
|1||Australian Grand Prix||Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne||6 March|
|2||Malaysian Grand Prix||Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur||20 March|
|3||Bahrain Grand Prix||Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir||3 April|
|4||San Marino Grand Prix||Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, Imola||24 April|
|5||Spanish Grand Prix||Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona||8 May|
|6||Monaco Grand Prix||Circuit de Monaco, Monte-Carlo||22 May|
|7||European Grand Prix||Nürburgring, Nürburg||29 May|
|8||Canadian Grand Prix||Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal||12 June|
|9||United States Grand Prix||Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Indianapolis||19 June|
|10||French Grand Prix||Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, Magny-Cours||3 July|
|11||British Grand Prix||Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone||10 July|
|12||German Grand Prix||Hockenheimring, Hockenheim||24 July|
|13||Hungarian Grand Prix||Hungaroring, Budapest||31 July|
|14||Turkish Grand Prix||Istanbul Park, Istanbul||21 August|
|15||Italian Grand Prix||Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, Monza||4 September|
|16||Belgian Grand Prix||Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot||11 September|
|17||Brazilian Grand Prix||Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo||25 September|
|18||Japanese Grand Prix||Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka||9 October|
|19||Chinese Grand Prix||Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai||16 October|
For a time there existed a distinct possibility that some teams would be running three race cars per Grand Prix: fewer than 10 teams, or 20 cars, starting on the grid would have resulted in some teams running three cars, under a term in the Concorde Agreement. By the first round of the season, though, there were ten teams, as Red Bull completed their takeover of Jaguar and were ready to race in Australia. Minardi, which initially received an injunction allowing them to compete despite their cars' non-conformity to new 2005 technical regulations, later modified their cars to adhere to 2005 regulations.
The most-noted aspect of the season was Ferrari's lack of pace caused mainly by a new rule prohibiting tyre changes during the course of a race. The Bridgestone tyres used by Ferrari could not find the right balance between performance and reliability, leaving the Michelin runners to battle for race victories. Further rule changes emphasised the new focus on reliability, with engines required to last two Grands Prix without being changed.
Renault appeared the fastest team in pre-season testing and it was no surprise they dominated the early fly-away rounds. Giancarlo Fisichella won the season opener in Australia before teammate Alonso demonstrated his title credentials with a series of victories in Malaysia, Bahrain and San Marino. As the season progressed the McLarens of Kimi Räikkönen and Juan Pablo Montoya became increasingly competitive and by the latter stages of the season the McLaren was generally considered the faster package. However, constant technical failures meant neither the team nor Räikkönen were able to translate their speed into championship success.
Alonso secured his Drivers' Championship with a third-place finish in the Brazilian Grand Prix. Despite both him and Räikkönen having six victories to their name at this point in the season, Alonso's greater consistency meant he was able to claim the championship with two rounds to spare. The Constructors' Championship was secured by Renault at the final race, with Alonso's seventh victory of the year. This gave Renault their first championship as a constructor (after only previously triumphing as an engine supplier) despite winning two fewer races than McLaren.
Ferrari finished third in the Constructors' Championship with only one win, at the United States Grand Prix, a race that was only contested by the six Bridgestone cars after Michelin declared their tyres unsafe to run in the Indianapolis Motor Speedway's unique banked corner.
After a high-flying 2004 season the most conspicuous drop in performance after Ferrari was BAR-Honda, who were banned from two races after scrutineers in San Marino discovered a hidden fuel compartment that allowed their cars to run underweight. They were beaten in the championship by Williams, whose engine partner BMW had announced they were leaving to join Sauber in June, and Toyota, who achieved 5 podium finishes and were only beaten to third in the championship because of Ferrari's 1-2 in Indianapolis.
All the teams scored world championship points over the course of the season, Minardi scoring rare points in their final season courtesy of being able to run in the US race.
The 2005 Formula One calendar featured a new event in Turkey, just miles from the Europe-Asia dividing line. The newly built circuit in Istanbul joined the 2004 newcomers Bahrain and China. The 2005 season witnessed two of the hottest Grands Prix ever: the track temperature at the beginning of the Malaysian event was 51 °C (124 °F), while in Bahrain the mercury soared past 56 °C (133 °F).
|1||Australian Grand Prix||Giancarlo Fisichella||Fernando Alonso||Giancarlo Fisichella||Renault||Report|
|2||Malaysian Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Kimi Räikkönen||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|3||Bahrain Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Pedro de la Rosa||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|4||San Marino Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|5||Spanish Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Giancarlo Fisichella||Kimi Räikkönen||Report|
|6||Monaco Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Michael Schumacher||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|7||European Grand Prix||Nick Heidfeld||Fernando Alonso||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|8||Canadian Grand Prix||Jenson Button||Kimi Räikkönen||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|9||Jarno Trulli||Michael Schumacher||Ferrari||Report|
|10||French Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Kimi Räikkönen||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|11||British Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Kimi Räikkönen||Juan Pablo Montoya||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|12||German Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Kimi Räikkönen||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
|13||Hungarian Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|14||Turkish Grand Prix||Kimi Räikkönen||Juan Pablo Montoya||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|15||Italian Grand Prix||Juan Pablo Montoya||Kimi Räikkönen||Juan Pablo Montoya||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|16||Belgian Grand Prix||Juan Pablo Montoya||Ralf Schumacher||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|17||Brazilian Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Kimi Räikkönen||Juan Pablo Montoya||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|18||Japanese Grand Prix||Ralf Schumacher||Kimi Räikkönen||Kimi Räikkönen||McLaren-Mercedes||Report|
|19||Chinese Grand Prix||Fernando Alonso||Kimi Räikkönen||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Report|
Points were awarded to the top eight classified finishers.
Tyres must last for qualifying and the race. The reason being that harder, and therefore more durable, tyres will reduce cornering speeds.