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1961 ( MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 961st year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade.
pointed out on its cover for the March MAD Magazine 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year -- i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number -- since 1881. The next such year will be 6009. 
January 7 – Following a four-day conference in Casablanca, five African chiefs of state announce plans for a NATO-type African organization to ensure common defense. The Charter of Casablanca involves the Casablanca Group: Morocco, the United Arab Republic, Ghana, Guinea, and Mali.
January 8 – In France, a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies on independence for Algeria.
January 9 – British authorities announce they have uncovered a large Soviet spy ring, the Portland Spy Ring, in London.
January 20 – John F. Kennedy is sworn in as the 35th President of the United States.
January 24 – A B-52 Stratofortress, with two nuclear bombs, crashes near Goldsboro, North Carolina.
January 28 – , the first family sci-fi TV series filmed in Supercar Supermarionation, debuts on ATV in the UK.
January 30 – President John F. Kennedy delivers his first State of the Union Address. January 31 – Ham the Chimp, a 37-pound (17-kg) male, is rocketed into space aboard Mercury-Redstone 2, in a test of the Project Mercury spacecraft, designed to carry United States astronauts into space.
May 4 – U.S. Freedom Riders begin interstate bus rides, to test the new U.S. Supreme Court integration decision.
May 5 – Mercury program: Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space, aboard Mercury-Redstone 3.
May 6 – Tottenham Hotspur F.C. becomes the first team in the 20th century to win the English league and cup double. As of 2020 , this is the last time Tottenham have won the English League.
May 8 – Briton George Blake is sentenced to 42 years imprisonment for spying.
May 9 – In a speech on " Television and the Public Interest" to the National Association of Broadcasters, FCC chairman Newton N. Minow describes commercial television programming as a "vast wasteland".
May 14 – Civil rights movement: A Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob of Ku Klux Klan members.
May 15 – J. Heinrich Matthaei alone performs the Poly-U-Experiment, and is the first person to recognize and understand the genetic code. This is the birthdate of modern genetics. 
May 16 – Park Chung-hee takes over in a military coup, in South Korea.
May 19 – becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing Venera 1 Venus (however, the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier, and does not send back any data).
May 21 – Civil rights movement: Alabama Governor John Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order, after race riots break out.
May 22 – An earthquake rocks New South Wales.
May 24 – Civil rights movement: Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi for "disturbing the peace", after disembarking from their bus.
May 25 – Apollo program: President Kennedy announces, before a special joint session of Congress, his goal to put a man on the Moon before the end of the decade.
May 27 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaya, holds a press conference in Singapore, announcing his idea to form the Federation of Malaysia, comprising Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei and North Borneo ( Sabah).
May 28 – Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This is later considered the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
May 30 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, totalitarian despot of the Dominican Republic since 1930, is killed in an ambush, putting an end to the second longest-running dictatorship in Latin American history. May 31
July 4 – Soviet submarine K-19 suffers a reactor leak in the North Atlantic.
July 5 – The first Israeli rocket, , is launched. Shavit 2  
July 8 – A mine explosion in Czechoslovakia leaves 108 dead.
Ilyushin Il-18 crashes while attempting to land at Casablanca, Morocco, killing all 72 persons on board. Two dams that supplied water to the City of Pune, India burst, causing death of more than 1000 residents.
July 17 – Baseball legend Ty Cobb dies at the age of 74, at Emory University Hospital.
July 21 – Mercury program: Virgil I. Grissom, piloting the Mercury-Redstone 4 spacecraft , becomes the second American to go into space (sub-orbital). After splashdown, the hatch prematurely opens, and the spacecraft sinks (it is recovered in Liberty Bell 7 1999).
July 25 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy gives a widely watched TV speech on the Berlin crisis, warning "we will not be driven out of Berlin." Kennedy urges Americans to build fallout shelters, setting off a four-month debate on civil defense. July 31
Eritrean War of Independence officially begins, with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate. The first meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement is held. The Soviet Union resumes nuclear testing, escalating fears over the ongoing Berlin crisis.
September 7 – Tom and Jerry make a return with their first cartoon short since 1958, . The new creator, Switchin' Kitten Gene Deitch, makes 12 more Tom and Jerry shorts through 1962.
September 10 – During the F1 Italian Grand Prix on the circuit of Monza, German Wolfgang von Trips, driving a Ferrari, crashes into a stand, killing 14 spectators and himself.
September 12 – The African and Malagasy Union is founded.
The new military government of
Turkey sentences 15 members of the previous government to death. The Focolare Movement opens its first North American center in New York.
September 18 – United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in an air crash, en route to Katanga, Congo.
September 21 – In France, the OAS slips an anti- de Gaulle message into TV programming.
Deutsche Opernhaus in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is returned to its newly rebuilt house, as the Deutsche Oper Berlin. In the U.S., the Walt Disney anthology television series, renamed Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color, moves from ABC to NBC after seven years on the air, and begins telecasting its programs in color for the first time. Years later, after Disney's death, the still-on-the-air program will be renamed The Wonderful World of Disney.
September 28 – A military coup in Damascus, Syria effectively ends the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria. September 30 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is formed to replace the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).
October 1 – Baseball player Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hits his 61st home run in the last game of the season, against the Boston Red Sox, setting a new record for the longer baseball season. The record for the shorter season is still held by Babe Ruth.
October 10 – A volcanic eruption on Tristan da Cunha causes the whole population to be evacuated to Britain, where they will remain until 1963.
October 12 – The death penalty is abolished in New Zealand.
October 17 – Paris massacre of 1961: French police in Paris attack about 30,000 protesting a curfew applied solely to Algerians. The official death toll is 3, but human rights groups claim 240 dead.
October 18 – is released as a film in the United States. West Side Story
October 19 – The Arab League takes over protecting Kuwait; the last British troops leave.
October 25 – The first edition of , the British satirical magazine, is published. Private Eye
October 26 – Cemal Gürsel becomes the fourth president of Turkey (his former title is head of state and government; he is elected as president by constitutional referendum).
DZBB-TV Channel 7, the Philippines' third TV station, is launched. Devrim, the first ever car designed and produced in Turkey, is released. The project has been completed in only 130 days almost from scratch, a period including decision on the project, research, design, development and production of four vehicles.
Hungry generation Movement is launched in Calcutta, India. The Interstate Commerce Commission's federal order banning segregation at all interstate public facilities officially comes into effect.
November 2 – opens at Broadway Theater in New York City for 92 performances. Kean
November 3 – The United Nations General Assembly unanimously elects Burmese diplomat U Thant to the position of acting Secretary-General.
November 6 – The US government issues a stamp honoring the 100th birthday of James Naismith.
November 9 – Robert White records a world air speed record of 4,093 mph (6,587 km/h), in an X-15.
November 10 – by Catch-22 Joseph Heller is first published, in the US.
November 14 – Yves Saint Laurent, a luxury fashion brand of France, founded in Rue La Boetie, Paris.
November 17 – Michael Rockefeller, son of New York Governor and later Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, disappears in the jungles of New Guinea.
November 18 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.
November 19 – Rebellion of the Pilots: A military uprising overthrows the Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic.
November 20 – ?smet ?nönü of the CHP forms the new government of Turkey (26th government, first coalition in Turkey, partner AP).
November 21 – The " La Ronde" opens in Honolulu, the first revolving restaurant in the United States.
November 24 – The World Food Programme (WFP) is formed as a temporary United Nations program.  November 30 – The Soviet Union vetoes Kuwait's application for United Nations membership.
December 1 – Netherlands New Guinea raises the new Morning Star flag, and changes its name to West Papua.
December 2 – Cold War: In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro announces he is a Marxist-Leninist, and that Cuba will adopt socialism.
December 5 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy gives support to the Volta Dam project in Ghana.
December 10 – The Soviet Union severs diplomatic relations with Albania.
American involvement in the
Vietnam War officially begins, as the first American helicopters arrive in Saigon, along with 400 U.S. personnel. Adolf Eichmann is pronounced guilty of crimes against humanity by a panel of three Israeli judges, and sentenced to death.
December 14 – Walt Disney's first live-action Technicolor musical, , a remake of the famous Victor Herbert operetta, is released, but flops at the box office. Babes in Toyland
December 15 – An Israeli war crimes tribunal sentences Adolf Eichmann to death, for his part in The Holocaust.
December 17 – A circus tent fire in Niterói, Brazil kills 323. 
December 18 – India opens hostilities in its annexation of Portuguese India, the colonies of Goa, Damao and Diu.
December 21 – In Congo, Katangan prime minister Moise Tshombe recognizes the Congolese constitution.
December 23 – Luxembourg's national holiday, the Grand Duke's Official Birthday, is set on June 23 by Grand Ducal decree.
December 30 – Congolese troops capture Albert Kalonji of South Kasai (who soon escapes). December 31 – Ireland's first national television station, Telefís Éireann (later RTÉ), begins broadcasting.
January 5 - Iris DeMent, American singer, songwriter
January 7 - Supriya Pathak, Indian actress
January 8 - Calvin Smith, American athlete
Al Jean, American television writer Candi Milo, American voice, film, and television actress
January 17 - Maia Chiburdanidze, Georgian chess player
January 19 - William Ragsdale, American actor
January 24 - Guido Buchwald, German footballer
January 26 - Wayne Gretzky, Canadian hockey player
January 27 - Gillian Gilbert, British keyboard player
January 28 - Arnaldur Indriðason, Icelandic writer
January 29 - Petra Thümer, German swimmer January 30 - Dexter King, American social activist, son of Martin Luther King Jr.
February 1 – Volker Fried, German field hockey player
February 4 – Aleksandr Nikitin, Russian football coach and player (d. 2021)
February 5 – Flordelis, Brazilian pastor, singer and politician
February 6 – Yuko Kobayashi, Japanese voice actress
February 7 – Allen West, African-American politician
February 9 – Jussi Lampi, Finnish musician and actor
February 11 – Mary Docter, American speed skater
February 12 – David Graeber, American anthropologist, anarchist activist and author (d. 2020)
February 13 – Henry Rollins, American musician and activist 
February 14 – Maria do Carmo Silveira, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
February 16 – Niko Nirvi, Finnish journalist 
February 18 – Hironobu Kageyama, Japanese singer
February 19 – Justin Fashanu, English footballer (d. 1998)
February 22 – Akira Takasaki, Japanese guitarist
February 23 – Tatiana Cordero, Ecuadorian feminist activist (d. 2021)
February 25 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (d. 1993)
February 27 – James Worthy, American basketball player and analyst February 28
March 1 – Michael Sundin, English television presenter (d. 1989)
March 5 – Charles Poliquin, Canadian strength coach
March 6 – John Blake, American football coach (d. 2020)
March 11 – Elias Koteas, Canadian film and television actor
March 13 - Vasily Ignatenko, Soviet firefighter at the Chernobyl disaster (d. 1986)
March 25 – Reggie Fils-Aimé, American businessman
March 26 – William Hague, former UK Foreign Secretary and former Leader of the UK Conservative Party
March 27 – Tak Matsumoto, Japanese guitarist ( B'z)
March 28 – Byron Scott, American basketball player and coach
March 30 – Doug Wickenheiser, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1999) March 31 – Gary Winick, American filmmaker (d. 2011)
April 2 – Christopher Meloni, American actor
April 5 – Lisa Zane, American actress
April 6 – Gene Eugene, Canadian actor and singer (d. 2000)
April 10 – Rudy Dhaenens, Belgian road bicycle racer (d. 1998)
April 11 – Vincent Gallo, American actor
April 12 – Lisa Gerrard, Australian musician
April 18 – Jane Leeves, English actress
April 22 – Alo Mattiisen, Estonian musician and composer (d. 1996)
April 27 – Moana Pozzi, Italian pornographic actress, television personality and politician (d. 1994)
April 28 – Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
April 29 – Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese voice actor April 30 – Isiah Thomas, African-American basketball player, coach and team owner
May 1 – Marilyn Milian, American judge
May 2 – Steve James, English snooker player
May 7 – Robert Spano, American conductor and pianist
May 10 – Danny Carey, American drummer ( Tool, Pigmy Love Circus)
May 12 – Billy Duffy, British guitarist ( The Cult)
May 13 – Dennis Rodman, American basketball player and actor
May 15 - Larry Holden, American actor (d. 2011)
May 17 – Enya, Irish musician
May 18 – Jim Bowden, American baseball executive
May 20 – Clive Allen, British footballer
May 21 – Brent Briscoe, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2017)
May 24 – Ilaria Alpi, Italian journalist (d. 1994)
May 27 – Peri Gilpin, American actress
May 28 – Roland Gift, British singer and musician ( Fine Young Cannibals)
May 29 – Melissa Etheridge, American musician
Diana, Princess of Wales, born The Hon. Diana Spencer, English princess consort as first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (d. 1997) 
Vito Bratta, American rock guitarist
Ivan Kaye, English actor
Jefferson King, British bodybuilder and wrestler
Carl Lewis, American athlete
Fredy Schmidtke, German track cyclist (d. 2017) Michelle Wright, Canadian country music artist
July 5 – Patrizia Scianca, Italian voice actress
July 9 – Raymond Cruz, American actor
July 12 – Mark McGann, English actor, director, writer and musician
July 13 – Stelios Manolas, Greek footballer
July 14 – Jackie Earle Haley, American actor
July 18 – Elizabeth McGovern, American actress and musician
July 24 – Joseph Kony, Ugandan insurgent, leader of the Lord's Resistance Army
July 30 – Laurence Fishburne, African-American actor and film director
August 1 – Danny Blind, Dutch footballer
August 2 – Pete de Freitas, English musician and producer (d. 1989)
August 10 – Beatrice Alda, American actress and filmmaker
August 12 – Lawrence, English musician
August 14 – Susan Olsen, American actress
August 15 – Suhasini Maniratnam, Indian actress
August 17 – Uwe Schmitt, German sprinter and hurdler (d. 1995)
August 19 – Tony Longo, American actor (d. 2015)
August 21 – Stephen Hillenburg, American marine biologist, cartoonist and animator (d. 2018)
August 22 – Roland Orzabal, British musician and songwriter
August 24 – Jared Harris, English actor
August 27 – Tom Ford, American fashion designer and film director
August 30 – Brian Mitchell, South African boxer August 31 – Saleem, Malaysian singer (d. 2018)
September 5 – Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist and composer 
September 7 – Kevin Kennedy, British actor
September 12 – Mylène Farmer, Canadian singer and songwriter
September 13 – Dave Mustaine, American metal singer, guitarist
September 14 – Martina Gedeck, German actress
September 16 – Jen Tolley, American-Canadian actress and singer
September 17 – Jim Cornette, American author and podcaster
September 18 – James Gandolfini, American actor and producer (d. 2013) 
September 20 – Lisa Bloom, American lawyer
September 26 – Wes Hopkins, American football player (d. 2018)
September 29 – Julia Gillard, 27th Prime Minister of Australia  September 30
October 3 – Ludger Stühlmeyer, German cantor, composer and musicologist
October 5 – Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
October 6 – Mark Shasha, American artist, author, illustrator
October 10 – Jodi Benson, American actress and singer
October 12 – Diego García, Spanish long-distance athlete (d. 2001)
Jim Burns, British science-fiction illustrator
October 15 – Meera Sanyal, Indian banker (d. 2019)
Scott O'Hara, American pornographic performer, author, poet, editor and publisher (d. 1998)
Randy Vasquez, American actor
Paul Vaessen, English footballer (d. 2001)
Chris Doleman, American football player (d. 2020) Kim Wayans, American actress, comedian, producer, writer and director
October 19 – Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player
October 24 – Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist
October 26 – Dylan McDermott, American actor
October 29 – Randy Jackson, African-American musician ( The Jackson 5) October 31
November 3 – David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon
November 5 – Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut (d. 2012)
November 12 – Nadia Com?neci, Romanian gymnast
November 19 – Meg Ryan, American actress and film director
November 20 – Dave Watson, English footballer
November 21 – Maria Kawamura, Japanese voice actress
November 24 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer and activist
November 25 – Matthias Freihof, German television actor and director
November 28 – Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer November 29
December 3 – Marcelo Fromer, Brazilian guitarist
December 8 – Ann Coulter, American author, conservative commentator and attorney
December 15 – Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist and politician
December 20 – Mohammad Fouad, Arab singer and actor
December 21 – Francis Ng, Hong Kong actor
December 22 – Kassim Majaliwa, 10th Prime Minister of Tanzania
December 23 – Ezzat el Kamhawi, Egyptian novelist
December 26 – John Lynch, Northern Irish actor
December 27 – Guido Westerwelle, German politician (d. 2016)
December 29 – Jim Reid, Scottish musician December 30
January 3 – Auvergne Doherty, Australian businesswoman (b. 1896)
January 4 – Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
January 8 – Franti?ek Flos, Czech novelist (b. 1864)
January 9 – Emily Greene Balch, American writer and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1867)
January 10 – Dashiell Hammett, American writer (b. 1894) 
January 14 – Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor (b. 1888)
January 17 – Patrice Lumumba, 1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (b. 1925)
January 18 – Thomas Anthony Dooley III, physician (b. 1927)
January 24 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American swimmer and inventor (b. 1884)
January 26 – Stan Nichols, English cricketer (b. 1900)
January 29 – Jesse Wallace, American naval officer, 29th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1899) January 30 – Dorothy Thompson, American journalist (b. 1893) 
February 2 – Anna May Wong, Chinese-American actress (b. 1905)
February 3 – Viscount Dunrossil, Australian Governor-General (b. 1893)
February 6 – Lawrence Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland, British politician (b. 1876)
February 7 – William Duncan, American actor (b. 1879)
February 9 – Carlos Luz, Brazilian politician, 19th President of Brazil (b. 1894)
February 12 – Richmond K. Turner, American admiral (b. 1885)
February 13 – Arthur Ripley, American film director (b. 1897)
February 15 – Laurence Owen, American figure skater (b. 1944)
February 16 – Dazzy Vance, American baseball player ( Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1891)
February 20 – Percy Grainger, Australian composer (b. 1882)
February 28 – Aaron S. "Tip" Merrill, American admiral (b. 1890)
March 3 – Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-born pianist (b. 1887)
March 6 – George Formby, British singer, comedian and actor (b. 1904)
March 17 – Susanna M. Salter, first woman mayor in the United States (b. 1860)
March 22 – Nikolai Massalitinov, Soviet-born Bulgarian actor (b. 1880)
March 23 – Valentin Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1937)
March 25 – Arthur Drewry, English administrator, 5th President of FIFA (b. 1891) March 26 – Carlos Duarte Costa, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop and saint, founder of the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church (b. 1888)
April 2 – Wallingford Riegger, American music composer (b. 1885)
April 3 – Eliseo Mouriño, Argentine footballer (b. 1927)
April 6 – Jules Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1870)
April 9 – Ahmet Zog/ Zog I, Skanderberg III, Albanian political leader, 11th Prime Minister of Albania, 7th President of Albania and King of Albania (b. 1895)
April 10 – Sir John Hope Simpson, British politician (b. 1868)
April 11 – Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, 16th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1882)
April 19 – Manuel Quiroga, Spanish violinist (b. 1892)
April 21 – James Melton, American tenor (b. 1904)
April 24 – Lee Moran, American actor (b. 1888)
September 1 – Eero Saarinen, Finnish architect (b. 1910) 
September 4 – Charles D.B. King, President of Liberia from 1920 to 1930 (b. 1875) 
September 7 – Pieter Gerbrandy, Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1940 to 1945 (b. 1885) 
September 18 – Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, politician and author, 2nd Secretary General of the United Nations, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1905) 
September 21 – Georgia Ann Robinson, community worker and first African American woman to be appointed a Los Angeles police officer (b. 1879)
September 22 – Marion Davies, American actress (b. 1897) 
September 23 – Elmer Diktonius, Finnish poet and composer (b. 1896) 
September 24 – Sumner Welles, American diplomat (b. 1892)
September 27 – H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), American poet and novelist (b. 1886) 
November 1 – Mordecai Ham, American evangelist (b. 1877)
November 3 – Thomas Flynn, British Roman Catholic prelate and reverend (b. 1880)
November 9 – Ferdinand Bie, Norwegian Olympic athlete (b. 1888)
November 16 – Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1882)
November 22 – Anselmo Alliegro y Milá, Cuban politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Cuba, leader of World War II (b. 1899)
November 24 – Ruth Chatterton, American actress, novelist and aviator (b. 1892)
November 25 – Adelina de Lara, British composer (b. 1872) November 30
December 3 – Pat O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (b. 1891)
December 6 – Frantz Fanon, Caribbean philosopher (b. 1925)
December 10 – Elwyn Welch, New Zealand farmer, ornithologist, conservationist and Open Brethren missionary (b. 1925)
December 13 – Anna Mary Robertson Moses aka Grandma Moses, American naïve painter (b. 1860)
December 15 – Gioacchino Failla, Italian-born American physicist (b. 1891)
December 23 – Kurt Meyer, German Generalmajor der Waffen-SS and war criminal (b. 1910)
December 25 – Otto Loewi, German-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
December 27 – Bernard McConville, American screenwriter (b. 1887)
December 28 – Edith Wilson, First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921 (b. 1872) December 29
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