|1957 Pescara Grand Prix|
|Date||18 August 1957|
|Official name||XXV Circuito di Pescara|
|Course||Temporary road course|
|Course length||25.73 km (15.99 mi)|
|Distance||18 laps, 463.14 km (287.82 mi)|
|Weather||Sunny, very hot, dry|
The 1957 Pescara Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race, held on 18 August 1957, at the Pescara Circuit near Pescara in Italy. The race was the 7th round of the 1957 World Championship of Drivers. The 15.99 mi (25.73 km) circuit is the longest to ever hold a world championship race in Formula One. The race was the first and only Formula One World Championship race to take place at the track. It was also the first of two consecutive Italian races, which meant that it was the first time that the same country had held two Formula One World Championship races in the same season.
The Grand Prix was contested by 16 drivers and three official constructors, with Luigi Musso entered unofficially due to Ferrari withdrawing with safety concerns. The constructors were Maserati, Vanwall and Cooper-Climax.:137 Juan Manuel Fangio led the championship with 34 points, ahead of Luigi Musso on 16 points and Mike Hawthorn on 13 points. Tony Brooks was in 4th with 10 points, and Sam Hanks, Stirling Moss and Peter Collins were all 5th with 8 points. Fangio had won four races and had clinched the title at the 6th round, the German Grand Prix.:59 Both Musso and Hawthorne finished in the top three for two races. Maserati had a strong start to the season, outshining Ferrari in both the race and qualifying on multiple occasions. Fangio had a strong start to the season, winning the first two rounds. Moss, however, had a poor start to the season. He struggled with reliability issues such as a broken throttle linkage at Argentina and became ill just before the French Grand Prix.
The Grand Prix was the first and only World Championship race to take place at Pescara. No subsequent Grand Prix took place, probably due to the growing level of safety in Formula One and the lack of modern safety features at the circuit.:4 The circuit hosted its last event in 1961, after which it was closed due to safety concerns. The track was 15.99 mi (25.73 km) long, the longest circuit to ever host a Formula One World Championship round.:8
The event took place at short notice due to the sudden cancellation of the Belgian and Dutch Grands Prix over disputes regarding fees. The organisers had offered the constructors reduced appearance fees, which they rejected.:8 Due to the large size of the circuit, no attempt was made to require an entry ticket. Many spectators watched the race from houses around the track. Around 200,000 spectators were estimated to have been in attendance.:3
Pending the investigation for the deaths of 13 people at Mille Miglia earlier that year, Enzo Ferrari stated that Ferrari would not compete in the race. However, he did enter a single Ferrari 801 after he received insistent requests from Luigi Musso. Although, he stated that this did not constitute an official Ferrari entry into the race.
Despite a ban on all motor races on public roads following the disaster, the race was given special permission by the Italian Government to go ahead. The track was modified to conform with new safety regulations introduced after the accident. A chicane was added at the end of the seafront straight.:101
There were no official Practice sessions. However, due to the circuit being a road course, many drivers drove observation laps in road cars two days before the race.:100 Qualifying consisted of two sessions which were held on the Saturday before the Sunday race-from 07:00 to 09:30 and 16:30 to 18:30 local time. Between the two sessions, the straw bales were removed and the road was opened up again to the public.:103 At the end of the sessions, Fangio set the quickest lap time of a 9:44.6 which gave him pole position. He set an average lap speed of 103.95 mph (167.29 km/h), which unofficially beat the previous lap record of 89.2 mph (143.6 km/h) because it was set during qualifying. Moss was second with a 9:54.7 and Musso was third with a 10:00.0.
|1||2||Juan Manuel Fangio||Maserati||9:44.6||--|
Two hours before the race start, Fangio complained of pains in his right shoulder. However, he still competed in the race.
The race took place from 09:30 local time in dry and very hot weather.:1:60 Musso had a good start from the outside of the front row, going into the lead early on. Fangio and Moss continued side by side into the first corner with Behra close behind after having made a good start from the second row.:109
A unique incident occurred when Jack Brabham's F2 Cooper was running short of fuel far from the pits and he pulled into a roadside petrol station and topped up.
|2||2||Juan Manuel Fangio||Maserati||18||+3:13.9||1||6|
|5||30||Stuart Lewis-Evans||Vanwall||17||+1 lap||8||2|
|6||8||Giorgio Scarlatti||Maserati||17||+1 lap||10|
|7||24||Jack Brabham||Cooper-Climax||15||+3 laps||16|
|Ret||34||Luigi Musso||Ferrari||9||Oil leak||3|
|Ret||4||Jean Behra||Maserati||3||Oil leak||4|
|1||Juan Manuel Fangio||40|