1955 Formula One Season
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1955 Formula One Season
Juan Manuel Fangio in a Mercedes Benz W196, pictured at the Nurburgring in 1986. This was the car he used to win his 3rd Drivers' Championship

The 1955 Formula One season was the ninth season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1955 World Championship of Drivers,[1] which commenced on 16 January 1955 and ended on September 11 after seven races. Juan Manuel Fangio won his second consecutive World Championship title in a season that was curtailed by tragedies.

The season also included a number of non-championship Formula One races.

Season summary

Mercedes drivers again dominated the championship, with Fangio taking four races, and his new teammate Stirling Moss the British Grand Prix. Ferrari won at Monaco after all of the Mercedes cars broke down and Lancia driver Alberto Ascari crashed into the harbour. Although Ascari was apparently unscathed, the double World Champion crashed fatally at Monza while testing sportscars four days later.

The disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June which killed Pierre Levegh and over 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German, Spanish and Swiss Grands Prix.[2] The French round, which was supposed to be held at Reims between the Dutch and British rounds, on 3 July, was first rescheduled to 25 September[3] and subsequently cancelled. Then the German event, scheduled for 31 July at the Nürburgring, the Swiss round at Bremgarten, planned to take place on 21 August, and the Spanish round, on 23 October at Pedralbes, followed suit.[4] Pedralbes and Bremgarten were then abandoned and never used again for racing; motor racing was banned altogether in Switzerland and no motor-race was held in Switzerland until the 2018 Zürich ePrix. These cancellations effectively handed the Drivers' title to Fangio after he finished 2nd to Moss at the British Grand Prix; although he wasn't actually crowned champion until well after the British Grand Prix, because the German, Swiss and Spanish rounds were cancelled after the British Grand Prix took place.

1955 would be the final season for Mercedes Benz as a constructor until the team's revival in 2010. It would also mark the final win for Mercedes until the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix.

Aside from Ascari's death this year, Italian Mario Alborghetti died at the non-championship Pau Grand Prix in France driving a Maserati; and during the Indianapolis 500, two drivers were killed during the month-long event: Americans Manny Ayulo in practice and previous race winner Bill Vukovich during the race 2 weeks later.

Season review

^A The Indianapolis 500 was AAA-sanctioned and not run to Formula One regulations. It also counted towards the 1955 AAA Championship.

Teams and drivers

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1955 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
West Germany Daimler Benz AG Mercedes W196 Mercedes M196 2.5 L8 C Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1-2, 4-7
West Germany Karl Kling 1, 4-7
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 1-2, 4-7
West Germany Hans Herrmann 1-2
France André Simon 2
Italy Piero Taruffi 6-7
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari
Lancia
625
555
D50
Ferrari 555 2.5 L4
Lancia DS50 2.5 V8
E Italy Giuseppe Farina 1-2, 4, 7
Italy Umberto Maglioli 1, 7
Argentina José Froilán González 1
France Maurice Trintignant 1-2, 4-7
United States Harry Schell 2, 4
Italy Piero Taruffi 2, 4
Belgium Paul Frère 2, 4
United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 5-7
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 5-7
Italy Luigi Villoresi 7
Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P France Jean Behra 1-2, 4-7
Argentina Roberto Mieres 1-2, 4-7
Italy Sergio Mantovani 1
Italy Luigi Musso 1-2, 4-7
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy 1, 7
Argentina Clemar Bucci 1
United States Harry Schell 1
Italy Cesare Perdisa 2, 4
France André Simon 6
United Kingdom Peter Collins 7
United Kingdom Horace Gould 7
Uruguay Alberto Uria Maserati A6GCM Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P Uruguay Alberto Uria 1
Italy Scuderia Lancia Lancia D50 Lancia DS50 2.5 V8 P Italy Alberto Ascari 1-2
Italy Luigi Villoresi 1-2
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 1-2, 4
Monaco Louis Chiron 2
France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini 23 2.5 L6 E France Élie Bayol 1-2
Argentina Pablo Birger 1
Argentina Jesús Iglesias 1
France Robert Manzon 2, 5-6
France Jacques Pollet 2, 5, 7
Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 5-7
France Mike Sparken 6
France Jean Lucas 7
France Ecurie Rosier Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P France Louis Rosier 2, 4-5
United Kingdom Vandervell Products Vanwall VW 55 Vanwall 254 2.5 L4 P United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 2, 4
United Kingdom Ken Wharton 6-7
United States Harry Schell 6-7
United Kingdom Stirling Moss Ltd Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Lance Macklin 2, 6
Belgium Johnny Claes 4
United Kingdom Peter Walker 5
United States John Fitch 7
United Kingdom E.N. Whiteaway HWM-Alta 53 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Ted Whiteaway 2
Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Ferrari 625 Ferrari 625 2.5 L4 E Belgium Johnny Claes 5
United Kingdom Gould's Garage (Bristol) Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Horace Gould 5-6
United Kingdom Connaught Engineering Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine 6
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 6
United Kingdom R.R.C. Walker Racing Team Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Tony Rolt 6
United Kingdom Peter Walker 6
United Kingdom Leslie Marr Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Leslie Marr 6
United Kingdom Cooper Car Company Cooper-Bristol T40 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D Australia Jack Brabham 6
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Peter Collins 6
United Kingdom Gilby Engineering Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Roy Salvadori 6
Italy Scuderia Volpini Arzani-Volpini-Maserati F1 Maserati 4CLT 2.5 L4 P Italy Luigi Piotti 7

1955 Drivers' Championship - final standings

Championship points were awarded on an 8-6-4-3-2 basis for the first five places at each race. One point was awarded for fastest race lap at each race. Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
ITA
Italy
Pts.
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1 (Ret) 1 1 2 1 40 (41)
2 United Kingdom Stirling Moss 4+ / Ret 9 2 2 1 Ret 23
3 Italy Eugenio Castellotti Ret+ 2 Ret 5 6+ / Ret 3 12
4 France Maurice Trintignant 2+ / 3+ / Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 8 11 13
5 Italy Nino Farina 2+ / 3+ 4 3 DNS 10 13
6 Italy Piero Taruffi 8+ DNS 4 2 9
7 United States Bob Sweikert 1 8
8 Argentina Roberto Mieres 5 Ret 5+ 4 Ret 7 7
9 France Jean Behra 6+ / Ret+ / Ret 3+ / Ret+ 5+ / Ret 6 Ret 4 6
10 Italy Luigi Musso 7+ / Ret+ Ret 7 3 5 Ret 6
11 West Germany Karl Kling 4+ / Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 5
12 United States Jimmy Davies 3 4
13 United States Tony Bettenhausen 2+ 3
14 United States Paul Russo 2+ 3
15 Belgium Paul Frère 8+ 4 3
16 United States Johnny Thomson 4 3
17 Argentina José Froilán González 2+ 2
18 Italy Cesare Perdisa 3+ / Ret+ 8 2
19 Italy Luigi Villoresi Ret+ / Ret 5 DNS 2
20 Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Ret+ / Ret 5 2
21 Italy Umberto Maglioli 3+ 6 1 13
22 West Germany Hans Herrmann 4+ DNQ 1
23 United States Walt Faulkner 5+ 1
24 United States Bill Homeier 5+ 1
25 United States Bill Vukovich Ret 1
-- United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ret Ret 7 6+ 10 0
-- United States Harry Schell 6+ / 7+ / Ret+ Ret DNS 9+ / Ret Ret 0
-- Monaco Louis Chiron 6 0
-- United States Andy Linden 6 0
-- France Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret 0
-- United States Al Herman 7 0
-- France Mike Sparken 7 0
-- Italy Sergio Mantovani 7+ / Ret+ 0
-- Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Lance Macklin DNQ 8 0
-- United States Pat O'Connor 8 0
-- France Louis Rosier Ret 9 9 0
-- United Kingdom Ken Wharton 9+ Ret 0
-- United States Jimmy Daywalt 9 0
-- United States John Fitch 9 0
-- United States Pat Flaherty 10 0
-- United States Duane Carter 11 0
-- Belgium Johnny Claes DNS 11 0
-- United States Chuck Weyant 12 0
-- United States Eddie Johnson 13 0
-- United States Jim Rathmann 14 0
-- France Robert Manzon Ret Ret Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Horace Gould Ret Ret Ret 0
-- Italy Alberto Ascari Ret Ret 0
-- France Élie Bayol Ret Ret 0
-- France André Simon Ret Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Peter Collins Ret Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Peter Walker Ret Ret+ 0
-- Argentina Jesus Iglesias Ret 0
-- Argentina Pablo Birger Ret 0
-- Uruguay Alberto Uria Ret 0
-- United States Don Freeland Ret 0
-- United States Cal Niday Ret 0
-- United States Art Cross Ret 0
-- United States Shorty Templeman Ret 0
-- United States Sam Hanks Ret 0
-- United States Keith Andrews Ret 0
-- United States Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
-- United States Eddie Russo Ret 0
-- United States Ray Crawford Ret 0
-- United States Jimmy Bryan Ret 0
-- United States Jack McGrath Ret 0
-- United States Al Keller Ret 0
-- United States Johnny Boyd Ret 0
-- United States Ed Elisian Ret 0
-- United States Rodger Ward Ret 0
-- United States Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
-- United States Jimmy Reece Ret 0
-- United States Fred Agabashian Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine Ret 0
-- Australia Jack Brabham Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Ret 0
-- United Kingdom Leslie Marr Ret 0
-- France Jean Lucas Ret 0
-- Argentina Clemar Bucci Ret+ 0
-- United Kingdom Tony Rolt Ret+ 0
-- United Kingdom Ted Whiteaway DNQ 0
-- United Kingdom Jack Fairman DNS 0
-- Italy Luigi Piotti DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
ITA
Italy
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Did not enter (cell empty)
Text formatting Meaning
Bold Pole position
Italics Fastest lap
  • Italics indicate fastest lap (1 point awarded - point shared equally between drivers sharing fastest lap)
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • + = Car driven by more than one driver

Non-championship races

Other Formula One races also held in 1955, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Notes

  1. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey Section, Previous FIA Championship winners, page 118
  2. ^ Lang, Mike (1981). Grand Prix! Vol 1. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 82. ISBN 0-85429-276-4.
  3. ^ "Matters of Moment | Motor Sport Magazine Archive". Motor Sport Magazine. 2014-07-07. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "The Autocar". The Autocar. 1955-04-22. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

1955_Formula_One_season
 



 



 
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