1953 Argentine Grand Prix
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1953 Argentine Grand Prix

1953 Argentine Grand Prix
Autódromo Oscar y Juan Gálvez Circuito N° 2 (Histórico).svg
Race details
Date 18 January 1953
Official name I Gran Premio de la Republica Argentina
Location Autódromo 17 de Octubre, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Course Permanent racing facility
Course length 3.912 km (2.431 miles)
Distance 97 laps, 379.464 km (235.788 miles)
Weather Hot, dry
Pole position
Driver Ferrari
Time 1:55.4
Fastest lap
Driver Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari
Time 1:48.4 on lap 73
Podium
First
  • Italy Alberto Ascari
Ferrari
Second Ferrari
Third Maserati
Lap leaders

The 1953 Argentine Grand Prix was race 1 of 9 in the 1953 World Championship of Drivers, which was run to Formula Two regulations in 1952 and 1953. The race was held in Buenos Aires on 18 January 1953, at the Autódromo Gálvez (official name: Autódromo Juan y Óscar Gálvez, also known as the Autódromo 17 de Octubre) and was the first World Drivers' Championship race in South America.

Race report

Local drivers Juan Manuel Fangio and José Froilán González during a test prior to the race

The inaugural Argentine Grand Prix, held in mid-January, was attended by four of the major works teams: Maserati, Ferrari, Cooper, and Gordini. Former World Champion Juan Manuel Fangio, who had not competed in the Championship since clinching the 1951 title in Spain, raced for Maserati alongside fellow Argentinians José Froilán González and Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, and Italian driver Felice Bonetto. Ferrari lined up with the familiar trio of reigning World Champion Alberto Ascari, Nino Farina, and Luigi Villoresi, as well as their new signing Mike Hawthorn, who had driven a privateer Cooper the previous year. The Cooper team entered the British pair of Alan Brown and John Barber alongside the local driver Adolfo Schwelm Cruz. Gordini retained their 1952 trio of Robert Manzon, Maurice Trintignant, and Jean Behra, who were joined by a pair of Argentinians--Carlos Menditeguy and Pablo Birger--the latter of which drove a Simca-Gordini.

Ascari was once again the fastest qualifier, taking his fourth consecutive World Championship pole position. His teammates Villoresi and Farini lined up third and fourth, but the returning Fangio prevented a Ferrari front row lockout by qualifying second in his Maserati. González, in the second Maserati, started from row two alongside Hawthorn, making his first appearance for Ferrari, and the Gordini of Trintignant. The remaining Gordinis of Manzon, Menditeguy, and Behra made up the third row with Gálvez in his Maserati. Row four consisted of the Coopers of Brown and Schwelm Cruz, and Birger in the sole Simca-Gordini. At the back of the grid were the Maserati of Bonetto and Barber in the final Cooper.

Due to President Juan Perón's decision to allow free access to the circuit, there were an excessive number of spectators and they lined the track as the race began. One of the spectators wandered onto the track, and, in order to avoid hitting him, Nino Farina was forced to swerve. Farina ultimately lost control of his car and crashed into the crowd on lap 31, killing 13 spectators. In the resulting mass panic, a boy ran in front of Brown's Cooper and was killed.[1]

Ascari, who started from pole, led the entirety of the race, taking his seventh consecutive World Championship race victory, and, in so doing, established an early lead in the Drivers' Championship. Fangio was in second until a transmission issue forced him to retire from the race. Manzon initially inherited the position, but Villoresi ultimately took second place, a lap behind his teammate. Hawthorn had been running in third, although he was eventually overtaken by González, preventing a Ferrari 1-2-3. Hawthorn finished fourth, ahead of Gálvez, who took the final points in his first and only World Championship race.[2]

Entries

^1 -- Maurice Trintignant qualified and drove 50 laps of the race in the #28 Gordini. Harry Schell took over the car for the remainder of the race.[5]

Classification

Qualifying

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 10 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari 1:55.4 --
2 2 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati 1:56.1 +0.7
3 14 Italy Luigi Villoresi Ferrari 1:56.5 +1.1
4 12 Italy Nino Farina Ferrari 1:57.1 +1.7
5 4 Argentina José Froilán González Maserati 1:58.5 +3.1
6 16 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari 1:59.4 +4.0
7 28 France Maurice Trintignant Gordini 2:00.4 +5.0
8 26 France Robert Manzon Gordini 2:00.9 +5.5
9 8 Argentina Oscar Alfredo Gálvez Maserati 2:01.3 +5.9
10 32 Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Gordini 2:01.8 +6.4
11 30 France Jean Behra Gordini 2:02.6 +7.2
12 20 United Kingdom Alan Brown Cooper-Bristol 2:03.2 +7.8
13 24 Argentina Adolfo Schwelm Cruz Cooper-Bristol 2:03.7 +8.3
14 34 Argentina Pablo Birger Simca-Gordini-Gordini 2:03.8 +8.4
15 6 Italy Felice Bonetto Maserati 2:04.2 +8.8
16 22 United Kingdom John Barber Cooper-Bristol 2:06.8 +11.4
Source:[6]

Race

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 10 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari 97 3:01:04.6 1 91
2 14 Italy Luigi Villoresi Ferrari 96 +1 lap 3 6
3 4 Argentina José Froilán González Maserati 96 +1 lap 5 4
4 16 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari 96 +1 lap 6 3
5 8 Argentina Oscar Alfredo Gálvez Maserati 96 +1 lap 9 2
6 30 France Jean Behra Gordini 94 +3 laps 11
7 28 France Maurice Trintignant
United States Harry Schell
Gordini 91 +6 laps 7
8 22 United Kingdom John Barber Cooper-Bristol 90 +7 laps 16
9 20 United Kingdom Alan Brown Cooper-Bristol 87 +10 laps 12
Ret 26 France Robert Manzon Gordini 67 Wheel 8
Ret 2 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati 36 Transmission 2
Ret 6 Italy Felice Bonetto Maserati 32 Transmission 15
Ret 12 Italy Nino Farina Ferrari 31 Accident 4
Ret 32 Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Gordini 24 Gearbox 10
Ret 34 Argentina Pablo Birger Simca-Gordini-Gordini 21 Differential 14
Ret 24 Argentina Adolfo Schwelm Cruz Cooper-Bristol 20 Wheel 13
Source:[7]
Notes
  • ^1 - Includes 1 point for fastest lap

Shared drives

Championship standings after the race

Drivers' Championship standings
  • Note: Only the top five positions are included. Only the best 4 results counted towards the Championship.

References

  1. ^ Collantine, Keith (18 January 2013). "Peron's grand prix ends in carnage". Racefans. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Argentine GP, 1953 Race Report". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "1953 Argentine Grand Prix - Race Entries". manipef1.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "1953 Argentine GP - Entry List". chicanef1.com. Retrieved 2014.
  5. ^ "Argentine Grand Prix 1953 - Results". ESPN F1. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ "1953 Argentine Grand Prix - Qualifying and Race Results". f1pulse.com. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "1953 Argentine Grand Prix". formula1.com. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Argentina 1953 - Championship o STATS F1". www.statsf1.com. Retrieved 2019.



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