|1950 British Grand Prix|
Silverstone Circuit in 1950-1951 configuration
|Date||13 May 1950|
|Official name||The Royal Automobile Club Grand Prix d'Europe Incorporating The British Grand Prix|
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.649 km (2.889 mi)|
|Distance||70 laps, 325.430 km (202.213 mi)|
|Weather||Sunny, mild, dry.|
|Driver||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo|
|Time||1:50.6 on lap 2|
The 1950 British Grand Prix, formally known as The Royal Automobile Club Grand Prix d'Europe Incorporating The British Grand Prix, was a Formula One motor race held on 13 May 1950 at the Silverstone Circuit in Silverstone, England. It was the first World Championship Formula One race, as well as the fifth British Grand Prix, and the third to be held at Silverstone after motor racing resumed after World War II. It was the first race of seven in the 1950 World Championship of Drivers.
The 70-lap race was won by Giuseppe Farina for the Alfa Romeo team, after starting from pole position, with a race time of 2:13:23.6 and an average speed of 146.378 km/h. Luigi Fagioli finished second in another Alfa Romeo, and Reg Parnell third in a third Alfa Romeo.
The race followed the non-championship Pau Grand Prix and San Remo Grand Prix (both won by Juan Manuel Fangio), the Richmond Trophy (won by Reg Parnell) and the Paris Grand Prix (won by Georges Grignard).
The formation of Formula One was created in 1946 with the first race under the Formula rules being the 1946 Turin Grand Prix which was won by Achille Varzi in the Alfa Romeo 158. But it wouldn't be until the 1949 when the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile announce a series that would take place the following year, one year after the formation of the Grand Prix motorcycle racing.
The 1950 edition of the British Grand Prix was the fifth edition of the Grand Prix with it also being the third time that Silverstone Circuit held since the first race being held in 1948. It was also the designated European Grand Prix for the year, which was the 11th time that title had been held since the first one back in 1923. Before the first Grand Prix which was held, four non-championship races was held all across Europe with Juan Manuel Fangio winning the races in Pau and San Remo with the other two races being won by Reg Parnell and Georges Grignard.
During the weekend, the race was also supported by an International 500cc race which was won by Stirling Moss driving a Cooper-JAP. There was also a demonstration run for the much-anticipated BRM P15, which was due to enter the sport later in the year. The race was attended by George VI, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Margaret, and the Earl & Countess Mountbatten of Burma.
24 drivers was entered for the first race with them competing in 22 different cars. The number 7 and 13 were not assigned. The biggest absence was the Scuderia Ferrari who wouldn't compete in the opening race with Enzo Ferrari not sending any cars to Britain with the team debuting at the next round in Monaco. This meant that Alfa Romeo with four drivers for Farina, Fangio, Fagioli and British driver, Reg Parnell. Their main competition was the Maseratis, of Scuderia Ambrosiana and their drivers, David Hampshire and David Murray. Enrico Platé also entered two Maserati's with Prince Bira of Siam and Baron Toulo de Graffenried with the pair not being able to practice on Thursday. Felice Bonetto also entered in a Maserati but wouldn't arrive for the race.
Talbot-Lago sent over two factory cars in the traditional French pale blue colour to be driven by Yves Giraud-Cabantous and Eugène Martin. Other private Talbots were entered by Louis Rosier, Philippe Etancelin and Belgian Johnny Claes, in a yellow car. The rest of the field was made up of local machinery, which included four E.R.A.s and two Altas, in British racing green.
|1||Juan Manuel Fangio||Alfa Romeo SpA||Alfa Romeo||Alfa Romeo 158||Alfa Romeo 158 1.5 L8s||P|
|2||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo SpA||Alfa Romeo||Alfa Romeo 158||Alfa Romeo 158 1.5 L8s||P|
|3||Luigi Fagioli1||Alfa Romeo SpA||Alfa Romeo||Alfa Romeo 158||Alfa Romeo 158 1.5 L8s||P|
|4||Reg Parnell||Alfa Romeo SpA||Alfa Romeo||Alfa Romeo 158||Alfa Romeo 158 1.5 L8s||P|
|5||David Murray||Scuderia Ambrosiana||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/48||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||D|
|6||David Hampshire||Scuderia Ambrosiana||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/48||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||D|
|8||Leslie Johnson||T.A.S.O. Mathieson||ERA||ERA E||ERA 1.5 L6s||D|
|9||Peter Walker2||Peter Walker||ERA||ERA E||ERA 1.5 L6s||D|
|10||Joe Fry3||Joe Fry||Maserati||Maserati 4CL||Maserati 4CL 1.5 L4s||D|
|11||Cuth Harrison||Cuth Harrison||ERA||ERA B||ERA 1.5 L6s||D|
|12||Bob Gerard||Bob Gerard||ERA||ERA B||ERA 1.5 L6s||D|
|14||Yves Giraud-Cabantous||Automobiles Talbot-Darracq||Talbot-Lago||Talbot-Lago T26C-DA||Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6||D|
|15||Louis Rosier||Automobiles Talbot-Darracq||Talbot-Lago||Talbot-Lago T26C||Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6||D|
|16||Philippe Étancelin||Automobiles Talbot-Darracq||Talbot-Lago||Talbot-Lago T26C||Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6||D|
|17||Eugène Martin||Automobiles Talbot-Darracq||Talbot-Lago||Talbot-Lago T26C-DA||Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6||D|
|18||Johnny Claes||Ecurie Belge||Talbot-Lago||Talbot-Lago T26C||Talbot 23CV 4.5 L6||D|
|19||Louis Chiron||Officine Alfieri Maserati||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/48||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||P|
|20||Toulo de Graffenried||Enrico Platé||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/48||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||P|
|21||B. Bira||Enrico Platé||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/48||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||P|
|22||Felice Bonetto||Scuderia Milano||Maserati||Maserati 4CLT/50||Maserati 4CLT 1.5 L4s||P|
|23||Joe Kelly||Joe Kelly||Alta||Alta GP||Alta 1.5 L4s||D|
|24||Geoffrey Crossley||Geoffrey Crossley||Alta||Alta GP||Alta 1.5 L4s||D|
|26||Raymond Mays4||Raymond Mays||ERA||ERA D||ERA 1.5 L6s||D|
Qualifying took place on the Friday and saw the Alfa Romeo's ended up on the front row of the grid as Farina claim the first pole position in the history of Formula One with a time of 1:50.8. Fagioli and Fangio and Parnell would fill the remaining spots on the front row of the grid. Prince Bira was the fastest non-Alfa, 1.8 seconds back with the two Talbot's cars filling in the second row.
|1||2||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo||1:50.8||-|
|2||3||Luigi Fagioli||Alfa Romeo||1:51.0||+ 0.2|
|3||1||Juan Manuel Fangio||Alfa Romeo||1:51.2||+ 0.4|
|4||4||Reg Parnell||Alfa Romeo||1:52.2||+ 1.4|
|5||21||Prince Bira||Maserati||1:52.6||+ 1.8|
|6||14||Yves Giraud-Cabantous||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||1:53.4||+ 2.6|
|7||17||Eugène Martin||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||1:55.4||+ 4.6|
|8||20||Toulo de Graffenried||Maserati||1:55.8||+ 5.0|
|9||15||Louis Rosier||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||1:56.0||+ 5.2|
|10||9||Peter Walker||ERA||1:56.6||+ 5.8|
|11||19||Louis Chiron||Maserati||1:56.6||+ 5.8|
|12||8||Leslie Johnson||ERA||1:57.4||+ 6.6|
|13||12||Bob Gerard||ERA||1:57.4||+ 6.6|
|14||16||Philippe Étancelin||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||1:57.8||+ 7.0|
|15||11||Cuth Harrison||ERA||1:58.4||+ 7.6|
|16||6||David Hampshire||Maserati||2:01.0||+ 10.2|
|17||24||Geoffrey Crossley||Alta||2:02.6||+ 11.8|
|18||5||David Murray||Maserati||2:05.6||+ 14.8|
|19||23||Joe Kelly||Alta||2:06.2||+ 15.4|
|20||10||Joe Fry||Maserati||2:07.0||+ 16.2|
|21||18||Johnny Claes||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||2:08.8||+ 18.0|
On 13 May, 21 drivers from 9 countries were represented at the old Silverstone airport, 4 from France, 2 from Italy, 1 each from Belgium, Ireland, Monaco, Argentina, Thailand and Switzerland. The UK was represented by 9 drivers. The race drew 200,000 spectators. At the start of the race, Farina took the lead with Fagioli and Fangio in pursuit, while Cabantous got a poor start and lost 4 positions. In the early laps they switched around between themselves several times to keep everyone amused. Fangio retired with engine troubles caused by a broken oil pipe and so Farina led Fagioli home by 2.5 seconds with Parnell a distant third despite hitting a hare during the race. The nearest challenger was Giraud-Cabantous two laps down, Bira having retired with a fuel problem. Crossley and Murray duelled at the back before retiring, de Graffenried had done so on lap 34, while Chiron was demoted to the role of viewer 10 laps earlier. Giuseppe Farina led for 63 laps (1-9, 16-37 and 39-70). Luigi Fagioli led for 6 laps (10-15). Juan Manuel Fangio led for 1 lap (38). Joe Fry drove car #10 for the first 45 laps, then Brian Shawe-Taylor took over for 19 laps for a total 64 laps, distance 297.536 km. Peter Walker drove car #9 for 2 laps, then Tony Rolt drove for and additional 3 laps, totaling 5 laps, a distance of 23.245 km. Giuseppe Farina achieved the fastest lap of the race, with a 1:50.6 on Lap 2.
|1||2||Giuseppe Farina||Alfa Romeo||70||2:13:23.6||1||91|
|2||3||Luigi Fagioli||Alfa Romeo||70||+ 2.6||2||6|
|3||4||Reg Parnell||Alfa Romeo||70||+ 52.0||4||4|
|4||14||Yves Giraud-Cabantous||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||68||+ 2 Laps||6||3|
|5||15||Louis Rosier||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||68||+ 2 Laps||9||2|
|6||12||Bob Gerard||ERA||67||+ 3 Laps||13|
|7||11||Cuth Harrison||ERA||67||+ 3 Laps||15|
|8||16||Philippe Étancelin||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||65||+ 5 Laps||14|
|9||6||David Hampshire||Maserati||64||+ 6 Laps||16|
|10||10|| Joe Fry
|Maserati||64||+ 6 Laps||20|
|11||18||Johnny Claes||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||64||+ 6 Laps||21|
|Ret||1||Juan Manuel Fangio||Alfa Romeo||62||Oil pipe||3|
|NC||23||Joe Kelly||Alta||57||Not classified||19|
|Ret||21||Prince Bira||Maserati||49||Out of fuel||5|
|Ret||20||Toulo de Graffenried||Maserati||36||Engine||8|
|Ret||17||Eugène Martin||Talbot-Lago-Talbot||8||Oil pressure||7|
|Ret||9|| Peter Walker