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1946 ( MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 946th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.
April 3 - Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila in the Philippines, for leading the Bataan Death March.
April 5 - A Fleet Air Arm Vickers Wellington crashes into a residential area in Rabat, Malta during a training exercise, killing all 4 crew members and 16 civilians on the ground.   
April 10 - In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet.
April 14 - members of Sh'erit ha-Pletah Nakam, the "Jewish Avengers", poison with arsenic bread baked in Nuremberg for SS prisoners of war, held at Stalag XIII-D by the Americans. 
April 17 - Syria's independence from France is officially recognized.
April 23 - The Eastern Pennsylvania Basketball League (later the CBA) is founded.
April 27 - FA Cup in England: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic, in the first FA Cup final since 1939.
April 28 - (Pestalozzi Children's Village) is established at Kinderdorf Pestalozzi Trogen, Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II, according to Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi's principles.  April 29 - Trials against war criminals begin in Tokyo; the accused include Hideki T?j?, Shigenori T?g? and Hiroshi ?shima.
May 1 - At least 800 Indigenous Australian pastoral workers walk off the job in Northwest Western Australia, starting one of the longest industrial strikes in Australia.
May 2 - Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in San Francisco Bay; a riot occurs, the " Battle of Alcatraz".
May 7 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed ) is founded, with about 20 employees. Sony
May 9 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Umberto II.
May 20 - The House of Commons of the United Kingdom votes through the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946 to nationalize British mines.
May 21 - Manhattan Project physicist Dr. Louis Slotin accidentally triggers a fission reaction at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in the United States and, although saving his coworkers, gives himself a lethal dose of hard radiation, making him the second victim of a criticality accident in history (the incident is initially treated as classified information).
May 23 - Dwarf Grill, predecessor of Chick-fil-A, a fast food chicken restaurant in the United States, is founded in Georgia. 
May 25 - The Emirate of Transjordan becomes the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan when its parliament makes the ruling amir Abdullah their king on the day it ratifies the Treaty of London.
May 26 - 1946 Czechoslovak parliamentary election: Communists win with (38%), in the last election before communists take power. May 31 - A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy.
amphibious vehicles taking part in the Victory Parade in
on 8 June 1946
October 1 - Mensa, an international organization for people with a high intelligence quotient (IQ), is founded by Roland Berrill, an Australian-born lawyer, and Dr Lancelot Ware, an English biochemist and lawyer, in Oxford.
October 2 - Communists take over in Bulgaria.
October 6 - Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson dies in office of a heart attack.
October 10 - The Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal begins, at the hands of Muslim mobs.
October 11 - After a few days of vacancy, the Swedish premiership is taken over by Tage Erlander.
October 13 - France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
October 14 - The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
October 15 - Nuremberg trials: Hermann Göring, founder of the Gestapo and recently convicted Nazi war criminal, poisons himself two hours before his scheduled execution.
October 23 - The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City. October 24 - November 11 - 1946 Bihar riots: Hindu mobs target Muslim families in the Indian state of Bihar, resulting in anywhere between 2,000 and 30,000 deaths.
January 4 - Diana Ewing, American actress
January 5 - Diane Keaton, American actress, film director ( ) Annie Hall
January 6 - Syd Barrett, English rock guitarist, singer and songwriter ( Pink Floyd) (d. 2006)
January 10 - Kalidas Karmakar, Bangladeshi artist
January 12 - George Duke, African-American musician (d. 2013)
January 20 - David Lynch, American film director
January 23 - Arnoldo Alemán, President of Nicaragua
January 24 - Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor ( ) The Rookies
January 27 - Nedra Talley, African-American singer ( The Ronettes)
January 29 - Bettye LaVette, African-American soul singer, songwriter January 31 - Terry Kath, American rock musician ( Chicago) (d. 1978)
April 2 - Hamengkubuwono X, Sultan of the historic Yogyakarta Sultanate in Indonesia, the current Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region
April 3 - Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland
April 4 - Dave Hill, English guitarist ( ) Slade
April 10 - David Angell, American television producer (d. 2001)
April 11 - Chris Burden, American artist (d. 2015)
April 12 - Ed O'Neill, American actor ( ) Married... with Children
April 13 - Al Green, African-American singer, songwriter and record producer
April 15 - Marsha Hunt, American actress, singer and novelist
April 16 - Margot Adler, American journalist
April 18 - Hayley Mills, English actress
April 19 - Tim Curry, British actor, singer and composer ( ) The Rocky Horror Picture Show
April 24 - Phil Robertson, American businessman and reality television personality
April 28 - Larissa Grunig, American public relations theorist, feminist
April 29 - Franc Roddam, English film director, businessman, screenwriter, television producer and publisher April 30
May 1 - Joanna Lumley, English actress, author
May 3 - Mohammed Ibrahim, businessman and philanthropist
May 4 - John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver
May 6 - Daouda Malam Wanké, 6th President of Niger (d. 2004)
Donovan, Scottish rock musician (" Sunshine Superman")
Birut? Galdikas, Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist and author
Graham Gouldman, English songwriter, musician ( 10cc, Wax)
Dave Mason, English rock musician ( Traffic) Murade Isaac Murargy, Mozambican diplomat, politician
May 11 - Robert Jarvik, American physicist, artificial heart inventor
May 12 - Richard Bruce Silverman, John Evans Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University
May 13 - Tim Pigott-Smith, English actor, author (d. 2017)
May 14 - Elmar Brok, German politician
May 15 - Klaus-Peter Siegloch, German journalist
May 16 - Robert Fripp, British musician
May 17 - Udo Lindenberg, German musician
Craig Patrick, American-Canadian hockey player, coach and manager Cher, American actress, rock singer
May 23 - Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor
May 26 - Mick Ronson, English guitarist (d. 1993)
May 29 - Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000)
May 31 - Adriana Bittel, Romanian writer
June 1 - Brian Cox, Scottish actor
June 3 - Michael Clarke, American musician (d. 1993)
June 5 - Stefania Sandrelli, Italian actress
June 8 - Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of St. Lucia
June 10 - Fernando Balzaretti, Mexican actor (d. 1998)
June 13 - Paul L. Modrich, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
June 14 - Donald Trump, American businessman, television personality, 45th President of the United States
June 17 - Marcy Kaptur, U.S. Representative for the Ninth Congressional District of Ohio
June 23 - Ted Shackelford, American actor
June 27 - Russ Critchfield, American basketball player
June 30 - Allan Hunter, Irish footballer, manager
July 2 - Richard Axel, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
July 3 - Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland
July 7 - Tadeusz Nowicki, Polish tennis player
July 12 - Ernesto Mahieux, Italian actor
July 18 - Kanat Saudabayev, Kazakhstani politician
July 19 - Ilie N?stase, Romanian tennis player
July 20 - Htin Kyaw, 9th President of Myanmar
July 21 - Domingo Cavallo, Argentine economist, politician
July 23 - Sally Flynn, American singer
July 25 - Rita Marley, Cuban-Jamaican singer
July 28 - Jonathan Edwards, American singer, songwriter and guitarist
July 29 - Ximena Armas, Chilean painter July 30
August 3 - Jack Straw, English politician
August 6 - Allan Holdsworth, British musician (d. 2017)
August 8 - Ralph Gonsalves, 4th Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
August 9 - Jim Kiick, American football player
August 11 - Óscar Berger, 34th President of Guatemala
August 12 - Terry Nutkins, English naturalist (d. 2012)
August 13 - Janet Yellen, American Chair of the Federal Reserve
August 14 - Dennis Hof, American brothel owner (d. 2018)
August 17 - Drake Levin, American rock guitarist ( Paul Revere & the Raiders) (d. 2009)
August 24 - John Grahl, British economist
Dennis Dugan, American actor, director
Freddie Mercury, British-Indian singer, songwriter, pianist, frontman of the rock band Queen (d. 1991) Loudon Wainwright III, American songwriter, folk singer, humorist, and actor
September 12 - Neil Lyndon, British journalist, writer 
September 13 - Henri Kuprashvili, Georgian swimmer
September 16 - Camilo Sesto, Spanish singer-songwriter music producer and composer (d. 2019)
September 19 - Connie Kreski, American model (d. 1995)
September 20 - Dorothy Hukill, American politician (d. 2018)
September 23 - Franz Fischler, Austrian politician
September 28 - Jeffrey Jones, American actor
October 3 - P. P. Arnold, American singer
October 5 - Robin Lane Fox, British historian
October 9 - Tansu Çiller, Turkish politician
October 12 - Drew Edmondson, American politician
October 19 - Philip Pullman, English author
October 21 - Lyn Allison, Australian politician
October 25 - Edith Leyrer, Austrian actress
October 26 - Pat Sajak, American game-show host ( ) Wheel of Fortune
October 28 - Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet
October 31 - Stephen Rea, Northern Irish actor
November 6 - Sally Field, American actress, singer ( ) The Flying Nun
November 7 - Diane Francis, Canadian journalist
November 12 - P. P. Arnold, English singer
November 13 - Ohara Reiko, Japanese actress
November 17 - Petra Burka, Canadian figure skater
November 24 - Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
November 25 - Marika Lindström, Swedish actress
November 26 - Ottilia Borbáth, Romanian-born Hungarian actress
November 28 - Regina Braga, Brazilian actress
February 2 - Rondo Hatton, American actor (b. 1894)
February 5 - George Arliss, British actor (b. 1868)
February 11 - Ludovic-Oscar Frossard, French socialist, communist politician (b. 1889)
February 12 - George Dumas, French doctor, psychologist (b. 1866)
February 19 - Rafael Erich, Finnish politician, professor, diplomat and 6th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879)
February 21 - Theodore Stark Wilkinson, American admiral (b. 1888)
February 23 - Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1885)
February 25 - René Le Grèves, French cyclist (b. 1910)
February 26 - Jackie, Nubian-born MGM lion (b. 1915)
February 27 - James Cecil Parke, Irish rugby player, tennis player and golfer (b. 1910) February 28
March 2 - George E. Stewart, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872)
March 3 - Viktor Axmann, Yugoslav architect (b. 1883)
March 6 - Antonio Caso Andrade, Mexican philosopher (b. 1883)
March 9 - Adolfo Ferrata, Italian pathologist, hematologist (b. 1880)
March 14 - Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (b. 1878)
March 19 - Augusto Nicolás Martínez, Ecuadorian agronomist, economist, geologist, researcher, educator and mountaineer (b. 1860)
March 22 - Clemens August Graf von Galen, German Catholic Cardinal, Bishop of Münster (b. 1878)
March 26 - Ezequiel Fernández, acting President of Panama (b. 1886)
March 29 - László Endre, Hungarian politician (b. 1895) March 31 - John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British field marshal (b. 1886)
April 2 - Kate Bruce, veteran American silent screen actress, made many films with D. W. Griffith (b. 1858)
April 6 - Chief Thunderbird, Native American actor (b. 1866) 
April 7 - Padmanath Gohain Baruah, Indian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1871)
April 14 - Otto Dowling, United States Navy Captain, 25th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1881)
April 20 - Mae Busch, American actress (b. 1891)
April 21 - John Maynard Keynes, British economist (b. 1883)
April 28 - Robert Bartlett, American explorer, and navigator (b. 1875) April 30 - Sava Athanasiu, Romanian geologist, paleontologist (b. 1861)
May 9 - Léon Guillet, French metallurgist (b. 1873)
May 10 - Emile de Cartier de Marchienne, Belgian diplomat (b. 1871)
May 11 - Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Dominican essayist, philosopher, humanist and philologist (b. 1884)
May 13 - Alexei Nikolaevich Bach, Soviet biochemist, revolutionary leader (b. 1857)
May 22 - Karl Hermann Frank, German Nazi official, war criminal (executed) (b. 1898)
May 23 - Billy Sullivan, American actor (b. 1891)
May 28 – Claus Schilling, German medical researcher and war criminal (executed) (b. 1871)
May 29 - Cagnaccio di San Pietro, Italian painter (b. 1897)
May 31 - Pico?lu Osman, Turkish kemenche player (b. 1901)
June 3 - Chen Gongbo, 2nd President of Republic of China during Nanjing regime (executed) (b. 1892)
June 4 - Sándor Simonyi-Semadam, Hungarian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1864)
June 5 - Maud Watson, British tennis player, first female Wimbledon champion (b. 1864)
June 7 - Fabijan Abrantovich, Soviet civic, religious leader (b. 1884)
June 9 - Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII), King of Thailand, World War II leader (assassinated) (b. 1925)
June 10 - Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
June 11 - Juanita Breckenridge Bates, American minister (b. 1860)
June 12 - Hisaichi Terauchi, Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1879)
June 13 - Charles Butterworth, American actor (b. 1896)
June 15 - João Batista Becker, German-born Brazilian Roman Catholic prelate, archbishop (b. 1870)
June 18 - Eugen Hirschfield, Australian practitioner (b. 1866)
June 19 - Theodor Wulf, German physicist, Jesuit priest (b. 1868)
June 20 - Empress Wanrong of China (b. 1906)
June 23 - William S. Hart, American stage actor, silent film Western star, film director and writer (b. 1864)
June 24 - Marian Bernaciak, Polish World War II heroine (b. 1917)
June 28 - Antoinette Perry, American actress, director (b. 1888) June 30 - Jelica Belovi?-Bernardzikowska, Yugoslav journalist, writer and journalist (b. 1870)
July 1 - Augustyn Józef Czartoryski, Polish nobleman (b. 1907)
July 3 - Edoardo Bianchi, Italian entrepreneur, inventor (b. 1865
July 7 - Federico Laredo Brú, 8th President of Cuba (b. 1875)
July 8 - Orrick Glenday Johns, American writer (b. 1887)
July 13 - Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
July 16 - Raffaele Conflenti, Italian engineer, aircraft designer (b. 1889)
July 19 - George Mackenzie Brown, Canadian-born British publisher (b. 1869)
July 20 - Shiro Kawase, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
July 22 - Edward Sperling, Russian-American-Jewish writer, Zionist (assassinated) (b. 1889)
July 26 - Alexander Vvedensky, Soviet Orthodox religious leader and blessed (b. 1889)
July 25 - Harry Davis, Canadian gangster (b. 1898)
July 28 - Saint Anna Muttathupadathu, Indian Syro-Malabar Catholic and Eastern Catholic religious sister and saint (b. 1910) July 31 - Solomon Dias Bandaranaike, Ceylonese politician, Governor-General of Ceylon (b. 1862)
August 1 - Andrey Vlasov, Soviet general, commander of the Russian Liberation Army (executed) (b. 1901)
August 2 - Karl, Prince of Leiningen, German prince (b. 1898)
August 8 - Maria Barrientos, Spanish opera singer (b. 1883)
August 10 - Léon Gaumont, French film pioneer (b. 1864)
August 11 - Giuseppe Pietri, Italian composer (b. 1886)
August 12 - Inayatullah Khan, King of Afghanistan (b. 1888)
August 16 - Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu (b. 1875)
August 17 - Channing Pollock, American playwright (b. 1880)
August 19 - Jules-Albert de Dion, French automobile pioneer (b. 1856)
August 20 - "Rags" Ragland, American comedian, actor (b. 1905)
August 22 - Döme Sztójay, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1883)
August 23 - Prince Fulco Ruffo di Calabria (b. 1884)
August 24 - James Clark McReynolds, American jurist (b. 1862)
August 26 - Jeanie MacPherson, American actress (b. 1887)
August 29 - John Steuart Curry, American painter (b. 1897)
September 3 - Paul Lincke, German composer (b. 1866)
September 4 - Nobu Shirase, Japenses army officer and Antarctic explorer (b. 1861)
September 11 - Francesco Bonifacio, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (killed in action) (b. 1912)
September 13 - William Watt, Australian politician, Premier of Victoria (b. 1871)
September 17 - Frank Burke, American baseball player (b. 1880)
September 24 – Gustav Globo?nik Edler von Vojka, Austro-Hungarian nobleman and field marshal (b. 1859)
September 25 - Heinrich George, German actor (b. 1893)
September 29 - Raimu, French actor (b. 1883) September 30 - Takashi Sakai, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887)
October 2 - Ignacy Mo?cicki, Polish chemist, politician and 4th President of Poland (b. 1867)
October 4 - Barney Oldfield, American race car driver, automobile pioneer (b. 1878)
October 8 - Agustín Parrado y García, Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1872)
October 12 - Joseph Stilwell, American World War II general (b. 1883)
October 15 - Hermann Göring, German Nazi Reichsmarschall (suicide) (b. 1893)
Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Poland (b. 1900)
Wilhelm Frick, German Nazi Minister of the Interior (b. 1877)
Alfred Jodl, German general, World War II Chief of the German armed forces (b. 1890)
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, German Nazi police general (b. 1903)
Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (b. 1882)
Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Nazi foreign minister (b. 1893)
Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi ideologist (b. 1893)
Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi general plenipotentiary (b. 1892)
Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (b. 1892) Julius Streicher, German Nazi propaganda publisher (b. 1885)
October 20 - Igor Demidov, Soviet politician (b. 1873)
October 23 - Francesco Carandini, Italian poet (b. 1858)
October 24 - Kurt Daluege, German Nazi officer, SS general and police official, war criminal (executed) (b. 1897) October 27 - Nathan Francis Mossell, African-American physician (b. 1856)
November 2 - John Barrett, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1878)
November 4 - Rüdiger von der Goltz, German general (b. 1865)
November 5 - Joseph Stella, Italian-American painter (b. 1877)
November 6 - Maria Innocentia Hummel, German Franciscan religious sister and blessed (b. 1909)
November 7 - Henry Lehrman, American actor (b. 1886)
November 10 - Baldassare Forestiere, Italian immigrant to America (b. 1879)
November 11 - Nikolay Burdenko, Soviet surgeon, founder of Soviet neurosurgery (b. 1876)
November 12 - Camillo Caccia Dominioni, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal, eminence (b. 1877)
November 14 - Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876)
November 18 - Donald Meek, British actor (b. 1878)
November 24 - László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter, photographer (b. 1895)
November 25 - George Gandy, American entrepreneur (b. 1851)
November 26 - Sultana Racho Petrova, Bulgarian memoirist (b. 1869) November 28 - Maria Izabela Wi?ucka-Kowalska, Polish Roman Catholic religious leader, saint (b. 1890)
December 5 - Louis Dewis, Belgian Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1872)
December 6 - Charles Stewart, Canadian politician, Premier of Alberta (b. 1868)
December 13 - Curtis Hidden Page, American politician (b. 1870)
December 14 - Tom Dowse, Irish major league baseball player in the 1890s (b. 1866)
December 16 - Salman al-Murshid, Syrian religious leader, political figure (b. 1907)
December 20 - Einosuke Harada, Japanese ophthamologist (b. 1892)
December 22 - Pierre Bénard, French journalist (b. 1898)
December 23 - John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
December 26 - Franjo Bu?ar, Yugoslav writer (b. 1866)
December 27 - Pedro Mata Dominguez, Spanish novelist, playwright and poet (b. 1875)
December 29 - John Babington Macaulay Baxter, Canadian politician, 19th Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1858)
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^ "Year by Year 1946" -
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Never Again: Britain, 1945-1951 (1994)), a scholarly survey. Kynaston, David.
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1946: The Making of the Modern World (2015) excerpt Weisbrode, Kenneth. The Year of Indecision, 1946: A Tour Through the Crucible of Harry Truman's America (2016) excerpt