All 615 seats in the House of Commons
308 seats needed for a majority
Colours denote the winning party--as shown in § Results
Composition of the House of Commons after the election
The 1935 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 14 November 1935 and resulted in a large, albeit reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party. The greatest number of members, as before, were Conservatives, while the National Liberal vote held steady. The much smaller National Labour vote also held steady but the resurge in the main Labour vote caused over a third of their MPs, including National Labour leader Ramsay MacDonald, to lose their seats.
Labour, under what was then regarded internally as the caretaker leadership of Clement Attlee following the resignation of George Lansbury slightly over a month before, made large gains over their very poor showing at the 1931 general election, and saw their highest share of the vote to date. They made a net gain of over a hundred seats, thus reversing much of the ground lost in 1931. The Liberals continued a slow political decline, with their leader, Sir Herbert Samuel, losing his seat.
The Independent Labour Party stood entirely separately from Labour for the first time since 1895, having stood candidates unendorsed by Labour at the 1931 general election and having disaffiliated fully from Labour in 1932. The Scottish National Party contested their first general election, and the Communist Party gained the West Fife seat, their first in ten years. Major election issues were stubborn unemployment and the role of the League of Nations, particularly regarding the Empire of Japan.
No general elections were held in the Second World War until Allied victory was assured; hence the 1935 House sat until 1945. This parliament would see two leadership changes. Neville Chamberlain took over from Stanley Baldwin as Prime Minister and Tory Leader in 1937. He in turn resigned in 1940 in favour of Winston Churchill, who led the three main parties in Parliament in government for the war.
|Party||Leader||Stood||Elected||Gained||Unseated||Net||% of total||%||No.||Net %|
|Liberal National||John Simon||44||33||5||7||−2||5.4||3.7||784,608||0.0|
|National Labour||Ramsay MacDonald||20||8||1||6||−5||1.3||1.5||321,028||0.0|
|National Government (total)||Stanley Baldwin||583||429||12||139||−125||69.8||51.8||11,183,908||−15.4|
|Ind. Labour Party||James Maxton||17||4||4||0||+4||0.7||0.7||136,208||N/A|
|Nationalist||Thomas J. Campbell||2||2||0||0||0||0.3||0.2||50,747||−0.1|
|Liverpool Protestant||Harry Longbottom||1||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||6,677||0.0|
|Social Credit||John Hargrave||3||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||10,376||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Saunders Lewis||1||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||2,534||0.0|
|Ind. Labour Party||1||Camlachie|
|Labour||Liberal||11||Edinburgh East, South Shields, Durham, Bethnal Green North-East+, Lambeth North+, Whitechapel and St Georges, Middlesbrough East, Dewsbury, Colne Valley, Wrexham, Carmarthen|
|National Labour||6||Ilkeston, Seaham, Forest of Dean, Finsbury, Tottenham South, Bassetlaw|
|Liberal National||7||Western Isles, Dunfermline Burghs, Bishop Auckland, Consett, Shoreditch, Barnsley, Burnley|
|National Independent||2||Southwark Central, Burslem[a]|
|Conservative||79||Aberdeen North, Stirling and Falkirk, Clackmannan and Eastern Stirlingshire, Stirlingshire West, Kirkcaldy Burghs, Maryhill, Motherwell, Bothwell, Coatbridge, Springburn, Tradeston, Ayrshire South, Linlithgow, Whitehaven, Derbyshire North East, Chesterfield, Blaydon, Houghton-le-Spring, Jarrow, Barnard Castle, Sedgefield, East Ham S, Leyton West, Romford, Upton+, Bristol South, Kingston upon Hull Central, Kingston upon Hull East, Ashton-under-Lyne, Farnworth, Ardwick, Clayton, Gorton, Platting, Rochdale, Everton, West Toxteth, Newton, St Helens, Brigg, Battersea North, Camberwell North, Deptford, Hackney Central , Hackney South, Hammersmith North+, Islington South, Islington West, Rotherhithe, Southwark South East, Mile End, Willesden West, Edmonton, Tottenham North, Morpeth, Nottingham West, Cannock, Hanley, Kingswinford, Leek, Stoke, Wednesbury+, West Bromwich, Nuneaton, Shipley, Wakefield+, Sheffield Park, Rotherham+, Bradford Central, Keighley, Pontefract, Hillsborough, Attercliffe, Brightside, Penistone, Leeds South, Doncaster, Batley and Morley, Nelson and Colne|
|Liberal||Conservative||3||Cumberland North, Barnstaple, Berwick-upon-Tweed|
|National Labour||Liberal||1||Leicester West|
|Conservative||2||Sunderland (one of two), Oldham (one of two)|
|National Liberal gains:||3|
|National Independent||Conservative||1||Brecon and Radnor|
|Conservative||Liberal||4||Orkney and Shetland, Banff, Bodmin, Darwen|
These are available on the Political Science Resources Elections Database, a link to which is given below.