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Phonemic representation? (t, s)
Position in alphabet23
Numerical value500
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician
Writing systemArabic script
Language of originArabic language
Phonetic usage?
Alphabetical position4
  • ?
The main pronunciations of written ⟨?⟩ in Arabic dialects.

(?) is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being , l, d, , ?ayn). In Modern Standard Arabic it represents the voiceless dental fricative , also found in English as the "th" in words such as "thank" and "thin". In Persian, Urdu, and Kurdish it is pronouced as s as in "sister" in English.

In name and shape, it is a variant of t (?). Its numerical value is 500 (see Abjad numerals).

The Arabic letter ? is named . It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:

In contemporary spoken Arabic, pronunciation of as is found in the Arabian Peninsula, Iraqi, and Tunisian and other dialects and in highly educated pronunciations of Modern Standard and Classical Arabic. Pronunciation of the letter varies between and within the various varieties of Arabic: while it is consistently pronounced as the voiceless dental plosive in Maghrebi Arabic (except Tunisian and eastern Libyan), on the other hand in the Arabic varieties of the Mashriq (in the broad sense, including Egyptian, Sudanese and Levantine) and Hejazi Arabic, it can be pronounced as either or as the sibilant voiceless alveolar fricative . Depending on the word in question, words pronounced as are generally more technical or "sophisticated." Regardless of these regional differences, the pattern of the speaker's variety of Arabic frequently intrudes into otherwise Modern Standard speech; this is widely accepted, and is the norm when speaking the mesolect known alternately as lugha wus ("middling/compromise language") or ?Ammiyyat/D?rijat al-Mu?aqqaf?n ("Educated/Cultured Colloquial") used in the informal speech of educated Arabs of different countries.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as .

Common Semitic perspective

The choice of the letter t as the base for this letter was not due to etymology (see History of the Arabic alphabet), but rather due to phonetic similarity. For other Semitic cognates of the phoneme ? see Sound changes between Proto-Semitic and the daughter languages.

The South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for ? (?).

Character encodings

Character information
Preview ث
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1579 U+062B
UTF-8 216 171 D8 AB
Numeric character reference ث ث

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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