Vos
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Vos
See also: VOS, vós, vôs, , vo?, -vos, and v. o. s.

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch vos, from Middle Dutch vos, from Old Dutch fus, vus, from Proto-Germanic *fuhsaz.

Pronunciation

Noun

vos (plural vosse, diminutive vossie)

  1. fox, carnivore of the tribe Vulpini

Derived terms


Catalan

Etymology

From Latin v?s.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

vos (enclitic, contracted us, proclitic us)

  1. you (plural, direct or indirect object)

Declension

Usage notes

  • -vos is the full (plena) form of the pronoun. It is normally used after verbs ending with consonant or ?u?.
    Heu de quedar-vos aquí. - You must stay here.

Further reading


Danish

Pronoun

vos

  1. (dialectal) Pronunciation spelling of os.
    • 1926, Adolph Stender, Skovtrold, Lindhardt og Ringhof (->ISBN)
      Næ, la' vos bare inte skave vos! (...) men saa øver vi vos imens! Naar han ser vos gennem Vindvet, kommer han nok herud ...
    • 1973, Bent Rying, Alice Kennebo, København og Københavns amt
      Han har sæl brunget desse ur te vos; ...
    • 1906, Maglekilde fortæller: humoristiske fortællinger
      Jeg ka' kons mindes een eneste Gang a' han roste vos, - de' var en Da' da han ha'de trukket vos rigtig igjennem i Geveereksersis; -- -- der var inte en tør Trevl paa vos, saatten ha'de vi maattet hænge i en tre, fire Timmer i et Slav.

Dutch

Een vos met een prooi. -- A fox with its prey.
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /v?s/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vos
  • Rhymes: -?s

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch vos, from Old Dutch fus, vus, from Proto-Germanic *fuhsaz.

Noun

vos m (plural vossen, diminutive vosje n, feminine vossin)

  1. fox, carnivore of the tribe Vulpini
  2. red fox specifically, Vulpes vulpes
    Synonyms: gewone vos, rode vos
  3. fox fur
  4. a crafty, ingenious person
    Koen is een lepe vos, die laat zich niet in de luren leggen.
    Conrad is a sly fox who does not allow himself to be hoodwinked.
  5. horse with red or red-brown fur
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: vos

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

vos

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vossen
  2. imperative of vossen

French

Etymology

From Old French vos, probably from Latin vostros ("your, plural accusative").

Pronunciation

Determiner

vos pl

  1. plural of votre

Related terms

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or mute h.
2 Also used as the polite singular form.

Further reading


Galician

Pronoun

vos

  1. inflection of vós:
    1. accusative/dative
    2. reflexive

Interlingua

Etymology

From Latin v?s ("you, plural").

Pronoun

vos

  1. you (plural)

Ladino

Etymology

From Old Spanish vosotros.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

vos (Latin spelling)

  1. you (formal singular, nominative and accusative)
  2. accusative of vozotros
  3. accusative of vozotras

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *w?s, from the oblique case forms of Proto-Indo-European *y.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

v?s

  1. you, ye, you all; nominative plural of t?
  2. you, ye, you all; accusative plural of t?

Usage notes

When used in the plural genitive, vestr? is used when it is the object of an action, especially when used with a gerund or gerundive. When used in such a construction, the gerund or gerundive takes on the masculine genitive singular. Vestrum is used as a partitive genitive, used in constructions such as (one of you).

Declension

1st and 2nd person personal pronouns declension together with the possessive and reflexive pronouns.
is, ea, id ("he, she, it") is not included here.

Derived terms

Descendants

See also

References

  • vos in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vos in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vos in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • vos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • picture to yourselves the circumstances: ante oculos vestros (not vobis) res gestas proponite
    • not to be prolix: ne diutius vos demorer

Lithuanian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Adverb

vos (not comparable)

  1. hardly

Derived terms


Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch fus, vus, from Proto-Germanic *fuhsaz.

Noun

vos m

  1. fox, red fox

Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms

Descendants

Further reading

  • "vos", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885-1929) , "vos", in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, ->ISBN

Occitan

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Old Occitan vos, from Latin v?s ("you, plural").

Pronoun

vos

  1. to you (second-person plural indirect object pronoun)
  2. yourselves (second-person plural reflexive pronoun)

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin v?s ("you, plural").

Pronoun

vos

  1. you (second-person plural or second-person singular polite subject pronoun)
  2. your (second-person plural or second-person singular polite possessive pronoun)
  3. yourself (second-person plural or second-person singular polite reflexive pronoun)
  4. you (second-person plural or second-person singular polite object pronoun)
    • circa 1176, Chrétien de Troyes, 'Cligès':
      qant je vos voi de tel meniere
      when I see you in such a state

Descendants


Old Occitan

Etymology

From Latin v?s ("you, plural").

Pronoun

vos

  1. you (plural or polite form)

Descendants


Piedmontese

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin v?x.

Pronunciation

Noun

vos f (plural vos)

  1. voice

Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin v?s.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

vos

  1. 2nd person plural objective pronoun

See also

Portuguese personal pronouns ()
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Prepositional Prepositional
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se si consigo
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco, com vós vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se si consigo
Indefinite se si consigo

Sardinian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin v?s, from Proto-Italic *w?s, from the oblique case forms of Proto-Indo-European *y ("you").

Pronunciation

Pronoun

vos (possessive vostru)

  1. you (plural), ye
    Synonym: vois, vosateros

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *?s?.

Noun

vs m inan

  1. (obsolete) hair
  2. (obsolete) moustache

Further reading

  • "vos", in Slovarji In?tituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramov?a ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin v?s ("you, plural"), from Old Latin v?s, from Proto-Italic *w?s.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

vos

  1. (archaic) an elevated form of you, either singular or plural
  2. (parts of Latin America, Chavacano-speaking areas in the Philippines) a form of you, singular
    Synonym:

Derived terms

See also

Further reading


Walloon

Etymology

From Old French vos, from Latin v?s ("you, plural"), from Proto-Italic *w?s.

Pronoun

vos

  1. you (singular)
  2. you (plural)

Synonyms


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vos
 



 



 
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