Sem
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Sem
See also: SEM, Sem, sém, sèm, sem-, and ?

English

Pronunciation

Noun

sem (plural sems)

  1. Clipping of seminary.
  2. Clipping of semester.
  3. Clipping of semicolon.

Anagrams


Bahnar

Etymology

From Proto-Bahnaric *ce:?m, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *cim ~ *ciim ~ *ci?m ~ *caim ~ *cum ("bird").

Pronunciation

Noun

sem 

  1. bird

Czech

Pronunciation

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Adverb

sem

  1. hither (to here)

Eskayan

Numeral

sem

  1. nine

Hungarian

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Conjunction

sem (clitic)

  1. ..., neither (or not..., either)
    Julit sem láttam. - I didn't see Juli, either. [aside from not having seen another person]
    Én sem láttam Julit. - I didn't see Juli, either. [aside from other people who haven't seen her]
  2. not even
    Meg sem próbálta. - S/he didn't even try it.

Conjunction

sem (paired)

  1. neither... nor...
    Sem te, sem ? nem jöhettek velem. - Neither you nor s/he can come with me.

Usage notes

The word sem and nincs, nincsen ("it/there isn't") are contracted into the forms sincs, sincsen ("it/there isn't, either").

Derived terms

Compound words
Expressions

See also

Further reading

  • sem in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962. Fifth ed., 1992: ->ISBN

Icelandic

Etymology

From Old Norse sem ("as, like"), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz ("same, alike").

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /s?:m/
  • Rhymes: -?:m
  • (before words beginning with a consonant) IPA(key): /s?m/

Conjunction

sem

  1. (with a noun phrase) as, like
    Hann var sem guð meðal manna.
    He was like a god amongst men.
    Hár hennar var hvítt sem snjór.
    Her hair was white as snow.
    Hann er sem nýr.
    He is as [good as] new.
    Vista sem...
    Save as...
  2. (with a clause) like, as if
    Svo virðist sem sjúkdómurinn sé arfgengur
    Is seems as though the disease is hereditary.
  3. (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
    Þetta er maðurinn sem ég hitti í gær.
    That's the man that I met yesterday.
    Þetta er konan sem barði mig.
    That's the woman who hit me.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Verb

sem (weak)

  1. first-person singular present indicative of semja
  2. second-person singular imperative of semja

Old Norse

Etymology 1

Possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz ("same, alike").

Alternative forms

Conjunction

sem

  1. as, the same, like
Descendants
  • Danish: som
  • Faroese: sum
  • Icelandic: sem
  • Norwegian Bokmål: som
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: som, sum (archaic)
  • Swedish: som

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

sem

  1. inflection of semja:
    1. first-person singular active present indicative
    2. second-person singular active imperative

References

  • sem in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Tupi

Pronunciation

Verb

sem

  1. to exit; to leave; to get out
    A-sem 'y suí.
    I got out of the water.

Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese sen, from Latin sine, from Proto-Indo-European *sene.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /'s?j?/, ['s?]
 
  • IPA(key): (Lisbon) /'sj?/, ['s]
  • IPA(key): (non-Lisbon Portugal) /'s?j?/, ['s?]

Preposition

sem

  1. -less; without (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.)
    Um livro sem capa.
    A book without a cover.
    Casa sem janelas.
    Windowless house.
  2. (followed by infinitive) without (not doing or not having done something)
    Ele gosta de comer tudo sem dividir.
    He likes to eat everything without sharing.
    Ele atirou sem avisar ninguém.
    He shot without warning anyone.

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:sem.

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.): com
  • (not doing or having done something): use gerund (-ando, -endo, -indo)

Derived terms


Romani

Verb

sem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of si
    2018, Y?suke Sumi, (?)? [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, ->ISBN, page 20:
    Sem rrom.
    I am a Romani man.

Slovene

Pronunciation

Adverb

sem

  1. hither, over here (to here)

Verb

sm

  1. first-person singular present of bíti

Further reading

  • "sem", in Slovarji In?tituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramov?a ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English same

Adjective

sem

  1. same
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Westrobothnian

Etymology 1

From Old Norse sem ("as, like"), possibly from Proto-Germanic *samaz ("same, alike").

Pronunciation

Conjunction

sem

  1. (with a noun phrase) as, like
    Hare hans jer vist na sem dett.
    His hair was apparently similar to yours.
  2. (with a clause) like, as if
  3. (relative, with a clause) who, which, that
Alternative forms

Etymology 2

From sema ("to swim").

Pronunciation

Adjective

sem

  1. able to swim
Alternative forms

Noun

sem m (definite singular semen)

  1. way of swimming
Alternative forms
Derived terms

Verb

sem

  1. singular present indicative of sema
  2. singular present imperative of sema

Zou

Noun

sem

  1. hair

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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