Alcohol
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Alcohol
See also: álcohol

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

Entered in the 1500s from French alcohol or Spanish alcohol, derived from the Medieval Latin rendering alcohol transmitted in medical or alchemical literature of Arabic (al-ku?l, "kohl"), which in Andalusian Arabic also bore the form (kul), (qul); bearing thus the meaning of stibnite first, then generalized in meaning to a powder obtained by triturating a material, then also to liquids obtained by boiling down, and specialized to mean spirit of wine, ethanol, in the 18th century, then the narrow chemical sense after 1850.

Doublet of alcool and kohl.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /'æl.k?.h?l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /'æl.k?.h?l/, /'æl.k?.h?l/
  • (US, nonstandard) IPA(key): /'?l.k?.h?l/, /'?l.k?.h?l/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun

alcohol (countable and uncountable, plural alcohols)

An assortment of alcoholic beverages
  1. (organic chemistry, countable) Any of a class of organic compounds (such as ethanol) containing a hydroxyl functional group (-OH).
  2. (colloquial) Ethanol.
  3. (uncountable) Beverages containing ethanol, collectively.
    • 2013 June 22, "Snakes and ladders", in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 76:
      Risk is everywhere. From tabloid headlines insisting that coffee causes cancer (yesterday, of course, it cured it) to stern government warnings about alcohol and driving, the world is teeming with goblins.
  4. (obsolete) Any very fine powder.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Descendants

  • -> Korean: (alkool)
  • ->? Malay: alcohol
  • -> Tok Pisin: alkohol

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References

  1. ^ "Etymology of Alcohol", in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed 31 December 2008, archived from the original on 10 June 2011
  2. ^ Nicolae Sfetcu, Health & Drugs: Disease, Prescription & Medication (2014)

Asturian

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol

Catalan

Pronunciation

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (organic chemistry, countable) alcohol
  2. (uncountable) alcohol

Related terms

Further reading


Dutch

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin alcohol or Spanish alcohol, of Arabic origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'?l.ko:l/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al?co?hol

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcoholen)

  1. (countable, organic chemistry) alcohol (class of compounds)
  2. (uncountable) alcohol (ethanol specifically)

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms


French

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcohols)

  1. (rare) Alternative spelling of alcool

Galician

Alternative forms

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcohois)

  1. alcohol

Related terms

Further reading


Interlingua

Noun

alcohol (uncountable)

  1. alcohol (ethanol)

Related terms


Latin

Etymology

From Andalusian Arabic ?(al-kul), ?(al-qul), earlier (al-ku?l, "kohl"). Ultimately from Akkadian.

Pronunciation

Noun

alcohol n (genitive alcoholis); third declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) kohl, collyrium, stibium
  2. (Medieval Latin) any other powder obtained from triturating a material
    alcohol ferr? - rubbed file dust of iron
  3. (Medieval Latin) distilled essence, spirit
  4. (Medieval Latin) alcohol

Declension

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • alcohol in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Old French

Noun

alcohol m (oblique plural alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative singular alcohous or alcohox or alcohols, nominative plural alcohol)

  1. alcohol
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. This language is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology

From Andalusian Arabic (kul), from Arabic (al-ku?l, "kohl").

Pronunciation

Noun

alcohol m (plural alcoholes)

  1. alcohol
  2. (mineralogy) galena
  3. (cosmetics) kohl, stibnite

Derived terms

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

alcohol
 



 



 
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