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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions


Perhaps related to *h?eng-, *h?enk-, *h?e?-



  1. to constrict, tighten, compress
  2. narrow, tight
  3. distressed, anxious

Derived terms

  • *h?én-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ? (ánkh?, "I compress, strangle")
    • Italic: *an
      • Latin: ang? ("I cause pain")
  • *h?én-u-s ~ *h?n-éw-s (see there for further descendants)
  • *h?en-us-t-
    • Germanic: *angustiz ("narrowness, tightness, anxiety")
    • Italic:
      • Latin: angustus ("narrow, close") (see there for further descendants)
  • *h?én-os
    • Germanic: *angazaz ("worry, grief, anxiety") (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: (ankhoû), ? (ánkhi)
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hánas (see there for further descendants)
  • *h?en-s-yo-
  • Unsorted formations:


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ->ISBN

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